The Mormon-

Missouri War



Collated by Steven D Fisher




Welcome Dear Reader,

In this book I consider myself a collator. Even though I’ve read about the Mormon Missouri War period a fair amount, I was never able to see the flow of events clearly until now. I have arranged the book by dates, with a short description from an authoritarian source.

Concerning the so called war, the Mormons are very expressive of their ill treatment in their rhetoric, articles, talks and on their websites. They are a lot more vocal in their remembrance of that time period and are constantly reliving their the past. Their community is closed wherein their rendition is relived over and over.

The Missourians on the other hand are not so vocal and yet they do maintain the justification of their actions. It just depends on where you were born and raised. I live in Daviess county Missouri and have been exposed to the existence of a continuing awareness between the two groups. An outward friendly yet aloofness of the Mormons confronted by a politeness yet dis-trustfulness of the Missourians.

Today we live in a country that is a bit more “civilized” than the frontier west of the 1830’s, yet you can feel an underlying uneasiness between the Mormons and Missourians that still exists. Then communication took time, it was hard to corroborate and verify truth. Today we still have a problem of corroborating and verifying truth usually the news media is controlled, truth is hidden from the public. Then it was legal to maintain a militia to protect yourself with guns. You can do so today within your own home, yet much of society relies on the police.

You had the extremist Missouri mobs and the extremist Mormon Danites opposite each other with many innocent Missourians and innocent Mormons caught in the middle.

The Missouri mobs drew first blood and were the aggressors during the whole experience. Yet there came a time when the Mormons crossed that same line, whether it was a righteous indignation supported by God or not. Once the Mormons fought back by burning homes and businesses, it alienated supporters and gave the mobs convincing ammunition to exterminate and drive them out of the state. With an anti-Mormon governor like Boggs it would probably have taken place anyway.

My goal is to present a balanced perspective. The Missouri mob leaders did a lot of lying and fabrication of lies and today they don’t recognize the extent they went to get rid of the Mormons. But the Mormons today have also sanitized their version of the truth and are to some extent lying to themselves about what happened to make themselves feel good. So in that sense this in not a “let’s say things that make us feel good” kind of book, I’m trying to make it a factual book. Yet, it can be a faith promoting book if you choose to see it that way.

My presentation necessitates that the reader already have a basic understanding of the Mormon Church, the time period and the area. I do not go into great amount of background. I present an outline collated by dates, which leaves a lot of details out that I expect the reader to know already. This book is an overview. I do not present the full story, just a summary through the use of dates. Those who purchase this book will do so because they know and love the people, the area and the history.


In the body of the text I present the past in Daviess and Caldwell counties, but in the appendix I take a look into their future. There are great prophecies connected with this area that are often overlooked next to the great center stake of Zion and temple that will be built in Jackson county Missouri. Far West is also a place of safety and the Doctrine and Covenants explains a lot about its future. Then at Adam-ondi-Ahman everyone knows about the great priesthood council, but Daniel’s description of Adam sitting and standing does not match that great event but is in fact describing a different gathering that culminates in the redemption of Zion.

The Mormon Missouri war cannot be understood unless you recognize the fact that it was a time period of transition for God’s people. So in the Appendix I also try to explain what I think God was accomplishing. I believe that the 1830 – 1844 time period was what Luke calls the 2nd watch and at that time Joseph Smith laid the foundation for a future work called the 3rd Watch in which the official Marvelous work and a wonder will take place. That this is contrary to what the LDS Church teaches, yet, the fact is Zion is not here.

The Three Watch Doctrine

(ST, Luke 12:41 – 43) 41 For, behold, he cometh in the first watch of the night, and he shall also come in the second watch, and again he shall come in the third watch42 And verily I say unto you, He hath already come, as it is written of him; and again when he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, blessed are those servants when he cometh, that he shall find so doing43 For the Lord of those servants shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.

The 1st Watch was the earthly ministry of Christ when he came at the meridian of time.

  • Christ personally established his church and gospel among the New Testament people in the old world, then among the Book of Mormon Nephites in America and at the same time among the Lost Tribes also in the Old World somewhere in Europe (see 3 Nephi 16:1 – 3).
  • Each group had the Fullness of priesthood, lived the law of consecration and for a short time established the kingdom of God

The 2nd Watch Foundation Work was the work of Joseph Smith during the 1830’s and 40.

  • For a short time the saints at the time of Joseph Smith received the fullness of the Priesthood, lived the law of consecration and established the kingdom of God.

In my opinion the Saints had no chance to establish Zion at that time. It was always the plan of the Lord that Zion be built up in the 3rd Watch Marvelous Work. But the Saints of the 2nd Watch did have a very serious and sober task laid before them. They were honored to bear testimony where the Zion of God is to be established in the 3rd Watch, including Jackson County, Far West, Adam-ondi-Ahman, Kirtland and Nauvoo.

(D&C 58:6 – 7) 6 Behold, verily I say unto you, for this cause I have sent you—that you might be obedient, and that your hearts might be prepared to bear testimony of the things which are to come; 7 And also that you might be honored in laying the foundation, and in bearing record of the land upon which the Zion of God shall stand;

The Marvelous Work and a Wonder

The 3rd Watch Marvelous Work: is a future work when the fullness of priesthood will be restored again to the earth, the saints of God will live the law of consecration and the great city of New Jerusalem, the Zion of God will be established in the center of America. This great city will be the salvation of the world.

(Isaiah 29:13 – 14) 13 ¶ Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, and their fear toward me is taught by the precept of men: 14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid. (See also 1 Nephi 14:7)

This scenario seems destined to dredge up the same animosities that existed in the 1830’s between the Mormons and the Missourians, and it may to some extent. But I believe this scenario, in the end, will be a great blessing to the good people of not only Missouri but the whole world.

If you are being honest with yourselves and are aware of the political upheavals taking place today between the great nations of the earth: America, Russia, Europe and China. And if you are somewhat aware of Bible prophecy both in the Old and New Testaments: Isaiah, Daniel and Revelation. Then you are aware of the fact that the whole world will be plunged into chaos and destruction. The scriptures have described great movements of peoples and armies that have totally realigned the ancient world: Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Rome, and we think that this cannot happen again in our modern civilized world. But in the scriptures can be found prophecies of a last time where this same scenario is played out with great consequences.

The world will see a time when there will be great wars and great battles. Nations will cease to exist, millions of people will die, even the great America will be invaded and almost destroyed. This scenario is described in the scriptures, I’ve heard this scenario preached in many different denominations. But actually, I have not heard it preached from the LDS pulpit, even though many individual Mormons view the future is way. The Mormon hierarchy seems to shy away from such an extreme presentation. But the LDS Church is remiss in their responsibility when they do that, for their own scriptures teach of such an ominous time.

(Ether 2:8 – 10) 8 And he had sworn in his wrath unto the brother of Jared, that whoso should possess this land of promise, from that time henceforth and forever, should serve him, the true and only God, or they should be swept off when the fulness of his wrath should come upon them. 9 And now, we can behold the decrees of God concerning this land, that it is a land of promise; and whatsoever nation shall possess it shall serve God, or they shall be swept off when the fulness of his wrath shall come upon them. And the fulness of his wrath cometh upon them when they are ripened in iniquity. 10 For behold, this is a land which is choice above all other lands; wherefore he that doth possess it shall serve God or shall be swept off; for it is the everlasting decree of God. And it is not until the fulness of iniquity among the children of the land, that they are swept off.

So, in the last days, we’re there folks, Satan is going set up his kingdom to destroy the whole world and God is going to set up his kingdom to save the world.

(Daniel 2:44 – 45) 44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. 45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.

Whether you like it or not, whether you believe it or not, God will set up his kingdom in the middle of America, in the western boundaries of the state of Missouri. It doesn’t matter now if you believe this scenario, just keep it in mind as the events of the future unfolds. The 2nd Watch Mormons did in fact lay a foundation for the future 3rd watch marvelous work and a wonder when God will establish the great city of Zion which will be a place of safety and refuge. Where all who are honest in heart will come for safety.

(D&C 45:66 – 71) 66 And it shall be called the New Jerusalem, a land of peace, a city of refuge, a place of safety for the saints of the Most High God; 67 And the glory of the Lord shall be there, and the terror of the Lord also shall be there, insomuch that the wicked will not come unto it, and it shall be called Zion. 68 And it shall come to pass among the wicked, that every man that will not take his sword against his neighbor must needs flee unto Zion for safety. 69 And there shall be gathered unto it out of every nation under heaven; and it shall be the only people that shall not be at war one with another. 70 And it shall be said among the wicked: Let us not go up to battle against Zion, for the inhabitants of Zion are terrible; wherefore we cannot stand. 71 And it shall come to pass that the righteous shall be gathered out from among all nations, and shall come to Zion, singing with songs of everlasting joy.

As the world is falling apart right under our feet, look for peace and safety in the Zion, the City New Jerusalem centered in Independence, Jackson Co. Missouri.

Table of Contents


1798 – Daniel Boone

1803 – Louisiana Purchase

14 May 1804 – Lewis & Clark

1805 – Louisiana Territory

23 Dec 1805 — Birth of the Prophet and Seer Joseph Smith (Vermont)

4 June 1812 – Missouri Territory

Missouri: the name of an Indian Tribe

Spring 1820 — Joseph Smith sees God & Jesus Christ (New York)

10 Aug 1821 – Missouri becomes a state

1821 – Jackson Co. owned by the Osage tribe

2 Jan 1822 — Clay Co. organized: Liberty the county seat

21 Sep 1823 — visit from the Angel Moroni (New York)

1825 – Federal Government pushes Osage tribe into Kansas Territory

15 Dec 1826 — Jackson Co. organized: Independence the county seat

18 Jan 1827 — Joseph Smith marries Emma Hale (New York)

22 Sep 1827 — Gold Plates (New York)

Mar 1830 — publication of the Book of Mormon (New York)

6 Apr 1830 — Church of Christ organized (New York)

20 July 1831 – Jackson Co. the gathering place

Jackson Co. the Garden of Eden

20 July 1831 – purchase the land

Jan 1831 — Joseph Smith moves to Kirtland Ohio

26 July 1831 – Colesville Branch arrives in Jackson Co.

2 Aug 1831 – Sidney Rigdon dedicates the Land of Zion

3 Aug 1831 – Sidney Rigdon dedicates the Temple Lot

origin of the name Zion

19 Dec 1831 – Bishop Partridge purchases the Temple Lot

April 1832 — Joseph blesses the Colesville Branch

20 July 1833 – Bishop Partridge tarred and feathered

23 July 1833 – six Mormons offer their lives

23 July 1833 — laying the Kirtland Temple cornerstones

6 Aug 1833 – Jackson Co. Temple complex

7 Nov 1833 – the Saints forced to leave Jackson Co.

1833 — 1st settlement in Caldwell County

19 June 1834 – Zion’s Camp arrives in Clay Co.

July 1834 — David Whitmer conditional prophet of the church

3 Apr 1836 – the Lord accepts the Kirtland Temple

29 June 1836 – Mormons forced to leave Clay Co.

Chapter One
Mormons look for another home

Spring 1836 – explore northern Missouri

May 1836 – some families move into the Shoal Creek area (Far West)

8 Aug 1836 — purchase Far West

1836 – Littlefield’s Halfway House (Daviess Co.)

29 Dec 1836 — Caldwell and Daviess Counties organized

Jan 1837 – 1st Mormon settlement in Daviess Co.

2 Jan 1837 – Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company (Ohio)

Aug 1837 – Caldwell Militia organized

Oct 1837 – Millport Missouri platted

28 Oct 1837 – Joseph Smith’s 1st visit to Far West

7 Nov 1837 – church conference at Far West

Nov 1837 – Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company failed (Ohio)

Dec 1837 – exploration of Daviess Co. and Adam-ondi-Ahman

12 Jan 1838 – Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon flee Kirtland (Ohio)

30 Jan 1838 — dissenters organize

5 Feb 1838 — church trial of the Missouri Stake Presidency

9 Feb 1838 — Lyman Wight moves to Adam-ondi-Ahman

Lyman Wight ferry

Mar 1838 – other Stakes should be established

Spring 1838 — Missouri Stake Presidency released

10 Mar 1838 – W.W. Phelps and John Whitmer excommunicated

14 Mar 1838 – Joseph Smith moves church headquarters to Far West

6 Apr 1838 — new Missouri Stake Presdiency

13 Apr 1838 – Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer excommunicated

26 Apr 1838 – commandment to build the Far West Temple

7 May 1838 – Don Carlos Smith moves his family to Missouri

11 May 1838 – William E McLellin excommunicated

18 May 1838 – Joseph Smith explores Daviess Co.

19 May — 29 May 1838 – survey of Adam-ondi-Ahman

19 May 1838 — Springhill is named Adam-ondi-Ahman

Adam-ondi-Ahman – Adam’s altar

Father Adam blessed his posterity

Father Adam ‘Sits’ at Adam-ondi-Ahman

Priesthood Council at Adam-ondi-Ahman

Preachers Rock and Grove of Trees

Chapter Two

trouble follow the Mormons wherever they go

1838 – Millport – mob headquarters

June 1838 — Kirtland Camp began the long trek

23 June 1838 – Mormon town of DeWitt settled

June 1838 – Danites organized

17 June 1838 – Sidney Rigdon gives his ‘Salt Sermon’

19 June 1838 – dissenters leave Caldwell Co.

26 June 1838 – John Smith moves to Adam-ondi-Ahman

28 June 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman stake organized

1 July 1838 – feelings of prosperity

4 July 1838 – Sidney Rigdon gives his 4th of July speech

8 July 1838 — land where Adam dwelt

8 July 1838 — church commanded to live the Law of Consecration

14 July 1838 – Mobs discuses how to get rid of the DeWitt Mormons

29 July 1838 – church meetings held in Lyman Wights home

Aug 1838 – vote to remove Mormons from DeWitt

5 Aug 1838 — preemption land notice

6 Aug 1838 — Gallatin election day Skirmish

7 Aug 1838 — 1st call for help from Caldwell Militia

8 Aug 1838 – Caldwell Militia investigate

9 Aug 1838 – covenant of peace

1 Sep 1838 – City of Seth appointed as a Stake

6 Sep 1838 – trial of Joseph Smith

7 Sep 1838 – trial continued

11 Sep 1838 – 2nd time Militia aides Adam-ondi-Ahman

Sep 1838 – Hiram Wilconxon sent to get a cannon

25 Sep 1837 – Kirtland Camp at Huntsville Missouri

Oct 1838 — cannon brought from Independence

1 Oct 1838 – Dewitt attacked

1 Oct 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman buys a grist mill

2 Oct 1838 – Kirtland Camp arrives at Far West

4 Oct 1838 – Kirtland Camp continues to Adam-ondi-Ahman

11 Oct 1838 – DeWitt falls

11 Oct 1838 – Missouri mob returns to Daviess Co.

Oct 1838 – cannon arrives in Chillicothe and then Millport

15 Oct 1838 — Caldwell Militia arrives the 3rd and last time

17 Oct 1838 – Agnus Smith escapes to Lyman’s cabin

17 Oct 1838 – General Parks arrives to help

mob abandons Millport

18 Oct 1838 – Mormon Militia burns Millport and Gallatin

19 Oct 1838– Mormon Militia takes the ‘Old Sow’ cannon

19 Oct 1838 — Thomas B. Marsh leaves the church

21 Oct 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman public square dedicated

22 Oct 1838 – Mormon Militia returns to Far West

24 Oct 1838 — Bogart kidnaps three Mormons

25 Oct 1838 – Battle of Crooked River

Chapter 3
Mormons forced from their homes, again

26 Oct 1838 — Governor begins deployment of the State Militia

27 Oct 1838 – ‘Extermination Order’

28 Oct 1838 – Hauns Mill treaty of peace

29 Oct 1838 — ‘Extermination Order’ arrives

30 Oct 1838 — Haun’s Mills attacked

30 Oct 1838 – State Militia camps at Goose Creek

1 Nov 1838 – Far West surrenders

1 Nov 1838 – General Lucas holds an illegal court

2 Nov 1838 – Joseph says goodbye to his family

2 – 4 Nov 1838 – Joseph transported to Independence

5 Nov 1838 – forty-six Mormons arrested

6 Nov 1838 — General Clark speaks to the Mormons

6 Nov 1838 – the forty-six taken to Richmond

7 Nov 1838 — General Wilson sent to disarm Adam-ondi-Ahman

8 Nov 1838 — General Wilson surrounds Adam-ondi-Ahman

9 Nov 1838 – Joseph taken to Richmond for trial

Nov 1838 – Bogart arrests eleven more Mormons

10 Nov 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman surrenders

12 Nov — 29 Nov 1838 – preliminary hearings

13 Nov 1838 — Hyrum and Mary have a baby boy

29 Nov 1838 – rulings handed down

Nov 1838 – David W Patten appeared to Thomas B. Marsh

24 Nov 1838 – Missourians buy up Adam-ondi-Ahman

Nov 1838 – political cover-up

1 Dec 1838 – Liberty jail

Joseph rebukes the guard

11 Dec 1838 — Missouri Legislature approves reparations

26 Jan 1839 – ‘Committee on Removal’

Jan 1839 – Sidney Rigdon released from jail

Mar 1839 – Joseph writes an epistle to the church

22 Mar 1839 — church begins negotiations to buy Commerce Illinois

6 Apr 1838 – prisoners transported to Gallatin

8 Apr 1839 — Joseph arrives at Creekmore house for trial

Joseph wrestles John Brassfield

9 Apr – 14 Apr 1839 – Gallatin trial

11 Apr 1839 — Joseph has a vision

change of venue

14 Apr 1839 – Joseph visits Adam-ondi-Ahman for last time

15 Apr 1839 – Joseph stays overnight with Judge Josiah Morin

15 Apr 1839 — travel into Livingston Co.

16 Apr 1839 – Joseph escapes

17 Apr 1839 – escape route

18 Apr 1839 – Joseph stays overnight with George Harris

21 Apr 1839 — Lucy Mack sees Joseph in vision

22 April 1839 – Joseph joins the saints at Quincy Illinois


Apr 1839 – Chillicothe sheriff kills Gallatin sheriff

1 May 1839 – Joseph begins the purchase of Nauvoo

6 July 1839 — Sheriff Morgan affidavit

late 1839 — church completes purchase of Nauvoo Illinois

29 Nov 1839 – Joseph meets with President Van Buren

Feb 1840 – Joseph ‘s second meeting with President Van Buren

27 May 1840 — Bishop Edward Partridge dies

3 Feb 1849 – Nauvoo Legion formed

6 May 1842 – Governor Boggs shot in the head

Feb 1843 – Joseph Smith candidate for president

28 Feb 1843 – Joseph pays John Brassfield for helping him escape

23 June 1844 – ‘Old Sow’ Cannon hid in the Temple basement

27 June 1844 – Joseph Smith – Martyr

27 June 1844 – Chillichothe Militia

June 1844 — Wilford Woodruff sees the Salt Lake Temple

1845 — ‘Oath of Vengeance’ included in the endowment

13 Sep 1845 — James J. Strang: Strangites

10 Nov 1845 — Lyman Wight: Wightites

1 Mar 1846 — Brigham Young: Brighamites

‘Old Sow’ cannon leaves for Salt Lake

9 Oct 1846 — General Doniphan 100 gun salute to Mormon Battalion

1849 — proposed Territory of Deseret

1851 – ‘Old Sow’ cannon at the Old Fort, SLC Utah

13 Jan 1851 – ‘Old Sow’ cannon at Parowan Utah

18 July1857 — Nauvoo Legion Rangers vs Johnson’s Army

7 Sep 1857 – Mountain Meadow Massacre

6 Apr 1860 — Joseph smith III: RLDS Church

9 July 1861 — Sidney Rigdon – Rigdonites – Bickertonites

10 Aug 1861 – Civil War reaches Missouri

29 Jan 1862 – William Obadiah Jennings shot and killed

Aug 1862 — Brigham Young on the return to Jackson Co.

18 July 1863 — Church of Christ: Hedrikites

25 Aug 1863 — Civil War: Jackson Co scorched earth policy

3 Mar 1867 — Church of Christ Temple Lot

1870 — John D. Lee excommunicated

1874 – Mountain Meadow trial

22 May 1874 — General Doniphan visits Salt Lake City

23 Mar 1877 – John D Lee – scapegoat?

29 Aug 1877 — Brigham Young murdered?

6 Apr 1893 — Salt Lake Temple dedicated

April 1917 — Osage Indian Code Talkers used in WWI

1919 — ‘Oath of vengeance’ removed from endowment

27 June 1944 – Wilford C. Woods purchases Adam-ondi-Ahman

25 June 1976 – Missouri Gov Bond rescinds the ‘Extermination Order’


1 — Don Carlos and Agnes Smith didn’t live in Millport

2 — Joseph Smith made the Ohio to Missouri trip five times

3 — Map where Joseph Smith lived

4 — the Three Watch Doctrine

5 — the fallen State of the 2nd Watch Church

Future Events

1 — Far West: a place of safety

2 — Adam-ondi-Ahman: the Ancient of Days shall ‘Sit’ and the saints are given power to redeem Zion

3 — Adam-ondi-Ahman: Father Adam will ‘Stand’, blow his trump long and loud and the saints arise and live

4 — Adam-ondi-Ahman: the Great Priesthood Council is to prepare the Saints for the 2nd Coming


1798 – Daniel Boone

One settler, Daniel Boone, the famous Kentucky frontiersman, had received a Spanish land grant in Missouri in 1798 and soon moved there. About 5,000 Americans had settled in Missouri by the time of the Louisiana Purchase. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 2)

1803 – Louisiana Purchase

President Thomas Jefferson fearing that the French dream of a French American empire might succeed, sent negotiators to Paris to acquire the port of New Orleans, La. Instead, trouble with England prompted Napoleon Bonaparte to sell all of the French holdings in America to Jefferson. Thus, the Louisiana Purchase, which included Missouri, became part of the United States in 1803. (Sacred places Vol 4 pg 2)

14 May 1804 – Lewis & Clark

One of Missouri’s nicknames is “Gateway to the West”. In 1804 Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis not only to map this new region, but to also evaluate the potential of westward expansion at the behest of President Thomas Jefferson, an advocate of western expansion. The expedition led all the way to the Pacific Ocean. (

Explorers Merriwether Lewis and William Clark passed through Jackson County on their famous Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804. Among other items, their report indicated a “high, commanding position” along the river within the current boundaries of Jackson County that in 1808 became Fort Osage. This stockade and trading post was one of the first U.S. military installations within the Louisiana purchase territory, and remained active until 1822. (,_Missouri)

1805 – Louisiana Territory

The Territory of Louisiana or Louisiana Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1805, until June 4, 1812, when it was renamed the Missouri Territory. (en.wikipedia .org/wiki/Louisiana_Territory)

23 Dec 1805 — Birth of the Prophet and Seer Joseph Smith

Born on December 23, 1805, in Sharon, Vermont, to Joseph and Lucy Mack Smith, Joseph Smith Jr. grew up on a series of tenant farms in Vermont, New Hampshire, and New York. Though in his youth Joseph was largely deprived of a formal education, he was “instructed in reading, writing, and the ground rules of arithmetic.” Joseph’s mother said that he was often “given to meditation and deep study.” (

4 June 1812 – Missouri Territory

The Territory of Missouri was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from June 4, 1812 until August 10, 1821, when the southeastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Missouri. (

Missouri: the name of an Indian Tribe

The state of Missouri and the Missouri River are named for the tribe. (

The Missouria or Missouri (in their own language, Niúachi, also spelled Niutachi) are a Native American tribe that originated in the Great Lakes region of United States before European contact. The tribe belongs to the Chiwere division of the Siouan language family, together with the Iowa and Otoe. ( /wiki/ Missouria)

Historically, the tribe lived in bands near the mouth of the Grand River at its confluence with the Missouri River; the mouth of the Missouri at its confluence with the Mississippi River, and in present-day Saline County, Missouri. Since Indian removal, today they live primarily in Oklahoma. They are federally recognized as the Otoe-Missouria Tribe of Indians, based in Red Rock, Oklahoma. (

Spring 1820 – Joseph Smith sees God & Jesus Christ

Affected by the great religious excitement taking place around his home in Manchester, New York, in 1820, fourteen-year-old Joseph was determined to know which of the many religions he should join. He encountered a passage in the Bible instructing any who lacked wisdom to “ask of God” (James 1:5). Early one morning in the spring of 1820, Joseph went to a secluded woods to ask God which church he should join. According to his account, while praying Joseph was visited by two “personages” who identified themselves as God the Father and Jesus Christ. He was told not to join any of the churches. (

10 Aug 1821 – Missouri becomes a state

Missouri Became the 24th State August 10, 1821 Under the Missouri Compromise of 1820, designed by statesman Henry Clay, Missouri entered the Union as a slave state, and Maine entered as a free state, thus keeping the number of slave and non-slave states equal at 12 each. ( _missouri_2.html)

1821 – Jackson Co. owned by the Osage tribe

Jackson County was not available for settlement in 1821 when Missouri became a state. At that time, the Osage Indians retained a choice 27-mile strip of land on the western edge of the state that would become Jackson County. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 7)

2 Jan 1822 — Clay Co. organized: Liberty the county seat

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 221,939, making it the fifth-most populous county in Missouri. Its county seat is Liberty. The county was organized January 2, 1822, and named in honor of U.S. Representative Henry Clay from Kentucky, later member of the United States Senate and United States Secretary of State. (,_Missouri)

21 Sep 1823 — visit from the Angel Moroni (New York)

In 1823, Joseph Smith said he was visited by an angel named Moroni, who told him of an ancient record

containing God’s dealings with the former inhabitants of the American continent. ( joseph-smith.html)

1825 – Federal Government pushes Osage tribe into Kansas Territory

A third treaty, signed in 1825, forced the Osage to cede all remaining land and move to a reservation along the

Kansas border. The tribe ceded a total of 96.8 million acres in the three treaties, for a total compensation of $166,000. (

15 Dec 1826 — Jackson Co Organized: Independence the county seat

Although Independence retains its status as the original county seat, Kansas City serves as a second county seat and the center of county government.The county was organized December 15, 1826 and named for President  Andrew Jackson (elected 1828). (,_Missouri)

18 Jan 1827 — Joseph Smith marries Emma Hale (New York)

Joseph married Emma Hale on January 18, 1827, and was described as a loving and devoted husband. They had eleven children (two adopted), only five of whom lived past infancy. (pbs. org/americanprophet/ joseph-smith. html)

22 Sep 1827 — Gold Plates (New York)

In 1827, Joseph retrieved this record, inscribed on thin golden plates, and shortly afterward began translating its words by the “gift of God.” The resulting manuscript, the Book of Mormon, was published in March 1830. (pbs. org/americanprophet/ joseph-smith.html)

Mar 1830 — publication of the Book of Mormon (New York)

The Book of Mormon is a sacred text of the Latter Day Saint movement, which adherents believe contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the American continent from approximately 2200 BC to AD 421.It was first published in March 1830 by Joseph Smith as The Book of Mormon: An Account Written by the Hand of Mormon upon Plates Taken from the Plates of Nephi. (

6 Apr 1830 — Church of Christ organized (New York)

On April 6, 1830, Joseph Smith organized The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and became its first president. (pbs. org/americanprophet/ joseph-smith.html)

Jan 1831 — Joseph Smith moves to Kirtland Ohio

In late 1830, Joseph Smith received a revelation commanding him and the other Mormons to move to Kirtland, Ohio, where a strong congregation had sprung up. In January 1831, Joseph Smith arrived in Kirtland and greeted the new converts. Immediately, he and the other leaders began organizing and ordering the Church. (

20 July 1831 – Jackson Co. is the gathering place

(D&C 57:1 – 2) 1 HEARKEN, O ye elders of my church, saith the Lord your God, who have assembled yourselves together, according to my commandments, in this land, which is the land of Missouri, which is the land which I have appointed and consecrated for the gathering of the saints. 2 Wherefore, this is the land of promise, and the place for the city of Zion.

Jackson Co. the Garden of Eden

You have been both to Jerusalem and Zion, and seen both. I have not seen either, for I have never been in Jackson County. Now it is a pleasant thing to think of and to know where the Garden of Eden was. Did you ever think of it? I do not think many do, for in Jackson County was the Garden of Eden. Joseph has declared this, and I am as much bound to believe that as to believe that Joseph was a prophet of God. (Brigham Young to Orson Hyde, Journal History, March 15, 1857)

20 July 1831 – purchase the land

(D&C 57:3 – 4) 3 And thus saith the Lord your God, if you will receive wisdom here is wisdom. Behold, the place which is now called Independence is the center place; and a spot for the temple is lying westward, upon a lot which is not far from the courthouse. 4 Wherefore, it is wisdom that the land should be purchased by the saints, and also every tract lying westward, even unto the line running directly between Jew and Gentile;

26 July 1831 – Colesville Branch arrives in Jackson Co.

Leaving Thompson in early June 1831, sixty members of the branch reached Kaw Township in Jackson County, Missouri, on July 26 after a journey of about a thousand miles. Though Joseph Smith had arrived shortly before the Colesville Saints, they had the distinction of being the first branch of the Church to settle the land that had been dedicated as Zion on August 2, 1831, by Sidney Rigdon.  (

The subject that received the most attention was “gathering to Zion.” Through the Star, Phelps reminded migrating Saints not to gather without adequate preparation, including carrying a recommend from the bishop in Ohio or from three elders. Bishop Partridge assigned land “inheritances” to new arrivals. Some three to four hundred arrived in the spring and summer of 1832, and by November there were 810 Latter-day Saints in Missouri. Up to this time, five settlements had easily absorbed the immigrants: a community in Independence near the temple lot; a branch on the Blue River three miles to the west; the Whitmer Branch three miles farther west; the Colesville Branch in Kaw Township two miles south of the Whitmer Branch; and the Prairie Branch on the Missouri state border. Editorials in the Star reflected the Saints’ optimism. (eom.byu. edu/index. php/Missouri)

2 Aug 1831 – Sidney Rigdon dedicates the Land of Zion

(D&C 58:57) 57 And let my servant Sidney Rigdon consecrate and dedicate this land, and the spot for the temple, unto the Lord.

On the 2nd day of August 1831, Brother Sidney Rigdon stood up and asked saying: “Do you receive this land for the land of your inheritance with thankful hearts from the Lord?” answer from all, “we do.” “Do you pledge yourselves to keep the laws of God on this land, which you never have kept in your own lands?” “we do.” “Do you pledge yourselves to see that others of your brethren who shall come hither do keep the laws of God?” “we do.” After prayer he arose and said, “I now pronounce this land consecrated and dedicated to the Lord for a possession and inheritance for the Saints (in the name of Jesus Christ having authority from him.) And for all the faithful servants of the Lord to the remotest ages of time. Amen.” ( /DC _58_ background.html)

3 Aug 1831 – Sidney Rigdon dedicates the Temple Lot

The day following, eight elders, viz., Joseph Smith, Jr., Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Peter Whitmer, Jr., Frederick G. Williams, Wm. W. Phelps, Martin Harris, and Joseph Coe, assembled together where the Temple is to be erected. Sidney Rigdon dedicated the ground where the city is to stand: and Joseph Smith, Jr., laid a stone at the northeast corner of the contemplated temple in the name of the Lord Jesus of Nazareth. After all present had rendered thanks to the great ruler of the universe, Sidney Rigdon pronounced this spot of ground wholly dedicated unto the Lord forever: Amen. (quoted in “Book of John Whitmer,” Community of Christ Archives, Independence, Missouri)

origin of the name Zion

On the south side of the sapling will be found the letter T which stands for Temple:and on the east side, ZOM! for ZOMAS, which Smith says is the original word for Zion. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 22)

19 Dec 1831 – Bishop Partridge purchases the Temple Lot

The original purchase of 63.2 acres encompassing the previously dedicated site for a temple was transacted by Edward Partridge, acting in his ordained role as bishop for the Church. He completed the purchase from Jones H. Flournoy on December 19, 1831. (mormon Reclaiming-Temple_lot.pdf)

April 1832 – Joseph blesses the Colesville Branch

Joseph Smith visited his friends in the Colesville Branch in Missouri again in April 1832. On that occasion, Joseph sealed the members of the branch up to eternal life. (

20 July 1833 – Bishop Partridge tarred and feathered

To forcibly emphasize their demand, citizens tarred and feathered Bishop Edward partridge and Charles Allen on the town square and attacked the Church store and printing house. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 15) The mob struck and beat Bishop Partridge with a “great many violent blows” and then tarred and feathered him. (MIS-P 304) Charles was stripped of his clothes, but Bishop Partridge refused to allow the mob to strip him of more than his “hat coat and vest,” he said. (HC 1:390, Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 44)

After John King “knocked the door in” to the press building, he and others entered, threw the press and papers from the second story window, and then demolished the building. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 54) Two teenage Mormon girls rescued some uncut sheets of the unfinished Book of Commandments amidst the clamor and violence. The girls, Mary Elizabeth Rollins, who said that she watched the mob “tearing down the printing office,” and her younger sister, Caroline, grasped sheets in their arms and fled, terrified to a cornfield, escaping the mob (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 55)

23 July 1833 — six Mormons offer their lives

On Tuesday, July 23, 1833 the mob met again with the Church leaders to dictate a schedule for their departure

from the county. They required that half of the Saints leave by the end of the year, and the other half by April the following year. Though some of the Church leaders signed the proposed departure schedule to appease the angry mob, six Mormon leaders offered their lives to the mob if it would cancel the departure demands. To remain in their Zion was paramount to the Saints. The heroic men were Bishop Edward Partridge, John Corrill, Isaac Morley, William W. Phelps, A. Sidney Gilbert, and John Whitmer. (HC 1:394, Sacred places Vol 4 pg 45)

23 July 1833 — laying the Kirtland Temple cornerstones

Karl R. Anderson, a recognized Kirtland area historian, states that little is known of the cornerstone laying ceremony, on July 23, 1833, where twenty-four priesthood holders assembled. (Little Known Stories About the Doctrine and Covenants pg 95)

6 Aug 1833 — Jackson Co. Temple complex

In a letter dated Aug. 6, 1833, from the Church presidency at Kirtland, a revised draft of the city master plan again identified the proposed 24 temples. Notably, however, the temples were represented on a sketch of the city as little buildings, drawn instead on two 10 acre blocks, replacing the previous plan. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 24)

7 Nov 1833 – Mormons forced to leave Jackson Co.

By Nov. 7, 1833, the shores of the Missouri river at several crossing points in the county’s three townships were lined with Saints waiting to be ferried across the river or to find some means of their own to cross it. Not having prepared for their exodus, they soon occupied the cold river bottoms in neighboring Clay County in an impoverished and suffering condition.(Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 70)

1833 — 1st Settlement in Caldwell Co.

In 1833, the three Lyons brothers, who were Mormon exiles form Jackson County, settled at Log Creek, two miles southeast of Kingston. They built a horse mill (the first mill in the county), a blacksmith shop and three cabins for their families. Four other families were quickly drawn to this little backwoods settlement, among them being Samuel Richey of Ohio. This made a village which the settlers named Salem. Salem was the voting precinct for north Ray County (as this county was then called). In 1839 John Duston came here from New York, and buying several acres of land near Salem (or Salemtown as many called it), he laid it out in town lots, hoping for a future city. A tavern was built there, and the stage coach which went to Richmond made stops there, but the little village did not grow. When the county seat was moved from Far West to the new town Kingston after the Mormon exodus from the county, Salem was abandoned, and now nothing is left to mark its site. (http://files.

19 June 1834 – Zion’s Camp arrives in Clay Co.

On June, 19 the company arrived between the east and west forks of the Fishing River just north of Jackson County. A large mob intent on destroying Zion’s Camp gathered on the other side of the river. The attack was prevented when a fierce storm swept the area and the river quickly rose more than 30 feet, turning the mob away. Joseph declared, “God is in this storm.”(

July 1834 — David Whitmer conditional prophet of the church

The recorded minutes of their meeting mention David’s 1834 ordination: “President Joseph Smith[,] Jr gave a history of the ordination of David Whitmer, which took place in July 1834, to be a leader, or a prophet to this Church, which (ordination) was on conditions that he (J. Smith jr) did not live to God himself.” (user.xmission .com/~research/family/6davidwhitmer.pdf)

3 Apr 1836 – the Lord accepts the Kirtland Temple

(D&C 110:7) 7 For behold, I have accepted this house, and my name shall be here; and I will manifest myself to my people in mercy in this house.

29 June 1836 – Mormons forced to leave Clay Co.

All parties considered the Saints’ exile in Clay County to be temporary. … But the Clay County old settlers, fearful of the flood of new LDS arrivals, grew impatient. On the night of June 28, 1836, a Clay County mob, determined to drive the Mormons from the county, commenced to harass and beat them. The following day a convention of leading citizens entreated the Saints to leave the county before the mob struck further. Grateful for the refuge provided by Clay County citizens at a time of deep crisis, Church leaders agreed to move. (eom.byu. edu/index.php /Missouri_Conflict)

Confident that they would soon begin moving to Shoal Creek, Church leaders found no objection to the petition for a covenant of peace and called a public meeting on 1 July to draft a reply. Resolutions were passed expressing the Saints’ gratitude for the kindness the citizens of Clay County had extended to the Saints and their desire for a peaceful resolution to the crisis. Leaders pledged to lead the Saints out of the county and to halt the tide of immigration. The following day Clay County leaders accepted the reply and began forming committees to help the Saints in their move. (

Chapter One

Mormons look for another home

Spring 1836 – explore northern Missouri

Because saints needed to leave Clay County, Bishop Edward Partridge and William W. Phelps went on two exploring expeditions hoping to find potential sites for Mormon settlements in northern Missouri. (scottwood

3 May 1836 – some families move into the Shoal Creek area (Far West)

May 3. The brethren began purchasing land in Shoal Creek. ( outline.html)

8 Aug 1836 — purchase Far West

The townsite was entered August 8, 1836. The north half was entered in the name of W. W. Phelps, the south half in the name of John Whitmer; but both Phelps and Whitmer merely held the land in trust for the church. . . . The townsite was a mile square, giving plenty of room for the building of a large city. It was laid out in blocks 396 feet square, and the streets were alike on a grand scale. The four principal avenues were each 132 feet wide, and all the others 82 1/2 feet wide. They diverged at right angles from a public square in the center designed as the site of a grand temple. (

While Far West was the largest community in Caldwell County, additional settlements were established on or near Shoal, Log, Bush, Mill, Panther, Mud, and Plum Creeks, and Crooked River. Many of these settlements were named after their founders or other prominent inhabitants, including the Allred settlement (William, William M., and Wiley Allred); the Curtis settlement (Jeremiah Curtis); the Carter settlement (Simeon and Orlando Carter); the Durfey settlement (James and Perry Durfey); the Free settlement (Absalom and Joseph Free), the Lyon settlement, also called Salem (Aaron C. Lyon); the Myers settlement (Jacob Myers); the Plumb settlement (Merlin Plumb); the Stevens settlement (Roswell Stevens); and the Haun’s Mill settlement (Jacob Haun). These sites were all later abandoned when Latter-day Saints were expelled from the state in 1839. (, Alexander L Baugh)

1836 – Littlefield’s Halfway House (Daviess County)

When the Mormons first moved into Marrowbone in 1836, 12 families purchased their land directly from the government at $1.25 per acre. They were the original Mormon landowners in Daviess county during the Mormon period there, from January 1837 to November 20, 1838. Mormons who settled in Marrowbone Settlement with preemption rights were Waldo Littlefield, Samuel Smith, Amos and Franklin Stoddard, Edward Stevenson, and John Woodland. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 366 – 368)

Littlefield’s Halfway House was a one-room, 20-by-20-foot-square dry good and grocery store built near the old road connecting Far West and Diahman. The store was run by Waldo Littlefield, His partner was Alvin c. Graves, who managed another of their stores in Far West. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 372)

23 Dec 1836 — Caldwell and Daviess Counties organized

This action was brought to the attention of the church leaders by a committee. Alexander W. Doniphan, who from the beginning had been their friend, adviser, and attorney, was now a member of the state legislature and sponsored a bill organizing the counties of Caldwell and Daviess from what was then chiefly unoccupied lands in the northern part of the State and part of Ray County. This part of the country was mostly prairie and was popularly supposed to be worthless, the few settlers already there being on the creeks and rivers. Therefore, the proposition was very pleasing to the Missourians. The bill was passed by the House December 23, 1836, and by the Senate four days later. It was understood that Caldwell was to be occupied and organized entirely by the Latter Day Saints. The county offices were to be in their hands, and they were to have a representative in the General Assembly of the State. (

The county seat was located at Far West, and courts were held in the schoolhouse. Justices of the peace were appointed in the different townships, and all the political machinery of the county was controlled by the Mormons. The militia of the county, all or nearly all Mormons, organized and mustered, and a regiment was formed under the laws of the State, of which Lyman Wight was colonel. Lyman Wight held a commission from Lilburn W. Boggs, as colonel of the 59th Missouri Militia. (

Jan 1837 – 1st Mormon settlement in Daviess Co.

The first Mormon settlement in Daviess County, called Marrowbone, Ambrosia Creek, or Seth, occurred in 1837. Marrowbone, Honey Creek, and Lick Fork, along with Adam-ondi-Ahman, were the main Mormon settlements in Daviess County. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 360)

2 Jan 1837 – Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking Company (Ohio)

…for the promotion of our temporal interests, and for the better management of our different occupations, which consist in agriculture, mechanical arts, and merchandising. (

Aug 1837 — Caldwell Militia organized

The county having been settled, the governor issued an order for the organization of the county and of a regiment of militia; and an election being called for a colonel of said regiment, I (Lyman Wight) was elected unanimously, receiving 236 votes in August 1837; we then organized with subaltern officers, according to the statutes of the state, and received legal and lawful commissions from Governor Boggs for the same. (HC 3:440)

Oct 1837 — Millport Missouri platted

This area became know as Millport after Robert Peniston built a gristmill there. After a few stores were also built in the area, the small town of Millport, consisting of nine blocks, was platted in October 1837. (Sacred Places Vol. 4 pg 359)

Robert P. Peniston, Sr., being the most prosperous man in a financial way on Grand River, was urged by the settlers to build a horse mill for the grinding of corn, to which the rest of the community would pay tribute… That mill was a great success, and it remained the center of the milling industry on Grand River for twelve or fifteen years. Many settlers were attracted by it and a town site was surveyed and platted, and Mill Port thus became the first town in that part of the Grand River country, and was getting along famously when Daviess County was organized in 1836. (

28 Oct 1837 — Joseph Smith’s 1st visit to Far West

The Prophet Joseph Smith visited Far West for the first time for only a few days in late October and early November 1837 before returning to Kirtland, Ohio. (

7 Nov 1837 – church conference at Far West

In the latter part of October or first of November 1837, Joseph Smith followed his brother Hyrum and Elder Marsh to Far West. Soon after the prophet’s arrival, a conference was held on 7 November 1837. During the conference, Marsh refused to sustain Frederick G. Williams as a counselor to Joseph Smith in the First Presidency and also refused to sustain David Whitmer, W.W. Phelps and John Whitmer as the presidency of the church in Missouri. The Missouri presidency was sustained, however, in spite of his opposition, but Hyrum Smith was sustained in place of President Williams. Marsh served as conference moderator and Oliver Cowdery served as conference clerk. (Danites, by Jerry Stokes pg 89)

Nov 1837 – Kirtland Safety Society Anti-Banking company failed (Ohio)

However, by November 1837, KSS failed and its business closed. In the aftermath, Joseph Smith, founder of theLatter Day Saint movement, was fined for “running an illegal bank,” though he was employed as the institution’s Cashier. ( _Safety_Society)

Dec 1837 – exploration of Daviess Co. and Adam-ondi-Ahman

In December 1837, Oliver Cowdery headed a committee that explored the area of Daviess County for 20 days in an attempt to locate sites for stakes. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 377)

“I found a great many of the finest mill sites in the western country,” he reported, “and made between forty and fifty locations.” (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey, pg 554)

12 Jan 1838 – Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon flee Kirtland

On January 12, 1838, faced with a warrant for his arrest on a charge of illegal banking, Smith and Rigdon fled to Clay County, Missouri just ahead of an armed group out to capture and hold him for trial. (mormoncurtain .com/ topic_olivercowdrey.html)

30 Jan 1838 — dissenters organize

On 30 January 1838, David and his brothers John and Jacob, along with Frederick G. Williams, Oliver Cowdery, William W. Phelps, and Lyman E. Johnson, held a meeting in Far West to consider their alternatives to vexing problems that they believed were occurring in the church. The group thought that forces within the church were “endeavoring to unite ecclesiastical with civil authority and force men under a pretense of incurring the displeasure of heaven to use their earthly substance contrary to their own interest and privilege.” They appointed two committees: one to publicize their grievances and the second committee (consisting of William W. Phelps, Lyman Johnson, and John Whitmer) “to look for a place for the above named individuals in which to settle.” David and this group of men and their families became known as the Missouri “dissenters.” (user.xmission. com/~research/family/6davidwhitmer.pdf)

5 Feb 1838 — church trial of the Missouri Stake Presidency

A general assembly of the Church is held at Far West, Mo., to decide whether or not David Whitmer, John Whitmer, and W. W. Phelps should continue as the (stake) presidency of the Church in Missouri. The assembly is repeated at other Mormon settlements for the next four days. After lengthy arguments, there is an almost unanimous vote to reject these three as presidents. Whitmer and Phelps are accused of having used $1400 of Church funds to buy Missouri lands and then selling them to the Saints for a profit. They are also accused of having sold lands in Jackson County, which constituted a denial of the faith (because of the prophecies concerning the eventual return to Jackson County). David Whitmer has also been charged with breaking the Word of Wisdom” (Conkling, Christopher J., Joseph Smith Chronology).

9 Feb 1838 — Lyman Wight moves to Adam-ondi-Ahman

Lyman Wight, a member of the committee, must have liked the future site of Diahman because in February 1838 he purchased a farm and moved there from Far West. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 377)

Lyman Wight and a few other members of the Church moved into the Grand River area in the spring of 1837. Shortly thereafter, they were given “public notice” by the non-Mormon residents to leave the county or face the consequences. (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey pg 554)

The dwelling house was the small 12 by 14 foot cabin of Adam Black, which apparently was the first house built in Adam-ondi-Ahman. Lyman Wight purchased the small cabin and 40 acres from Adam Black for $750 and moved into the cabin on Feb. 9, 1838. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 439)

Lyman Wight, his wife (Harriet Benton), and six children—Orange, Anna, Rosina, Lyman Lehi, Levi Lamoni, and Laomi Limhi—lived in the tiny cabin from Feb. 9, 1838, until they/ moved from Diahman to Far West in November 1838. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 441)

Lyman began construction of a larger cabin during the spring and summer of 1838 but was unable to finish it before he and his family were forced to move to Far West. The new cabin’s walls were approximately 12 squared logs high, making it a one-and-a-half-story block house, with a loft for storage or sleeping. The 20-by-30-foot cabin was one of the larger cabins at Diahman. It’s doors and windows were probably covered by blankets or skins. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 399 – 400)

following are views of Lyman Wight’s second cabin in the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman. 


Lyman Wight ferry

The ferry was at the mouth of Grove Creek, where an alluvial fan had spread into the Grand River from rocks and debris that had washed down Grove Creek. The rock alluvial fan made it shorter and easier to ferry across when the river water was too high to ford. If the water was low enough, people forded the river at the Mormon Ford, directly south of the Lyman Wight Cabin No. 1 Site. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 433)

The ferry charged the following rates in 1839 (did Lyman charge the same or similar?)

Eight-horse (or ox) team and wagon: $1; Five-or four-horse (or ox) team and wagon: 63 cents: One horse and wagon: 25 cents; man and horse: 12.5 cents; footman: 6 cents; sheep, goats, and hogs per head: 3 cents

Mar 1838 – other stakes should be established

(D&C 115:17 – 18) 17 And again, verily I say unto you, it is my will that the city of Far West should be built up speedily by the gathering of my saints; 18 And also that other places should be appointed for stakes in the regions round about, as they shall be manifested unto my servant Joseph, from time to time.

(note: the Adam-ondi-Ahman Stake and the Seth Stake are two that were created)

Spring 1838 – Stake Presidency in Missouri released.

Marsh sided with the church’s Presidency and convened a series of church courts in the spring of 1838. He charged the Whitmers, Phelps, and Oliver Cowdery of financial impropriety and other failings. The court released these men from their positions and disfellowshipped them. ( Marsh)

10 Mar 1838 – WW Phelps and John Whitmer excommunicated

the Far West stake high council excommunicated an unrepentant William W. Phelps and John Whitmer, both counselors in the Missouri stake presidency. The two were accused of profiting from the sale of land intended for the gathering of the Saints to Far West and also for their part in the presidency’s selling of property in Jackson County contrary to previous revelation. ( 

14 Mar 1838 – Joseph Smith moves church headquarters to Far West

The Prophet Joseph Smith visited Far West for the first time for only a few days in late October and early November 1837 before returning to Kirtland, Ohio. But in January 1838, the Prophet was forced to flee Kirtland. He arrived in Far West on 14 March 1838, thus making Far West the headquarters of the Church. Little is known about the precise location of the Prophet’s home in Far West. (

6 Apr 1838 – new Missouri Stake Presidency

On April 6, 1838, Thomas B. Marsh was named as President of the Church in Missouri, with David W. Patten and  Brigham Young as his assistants. (

As a senior church apostle, he was confronting rebellions from some of the church’s earliest leaders, including John Whitmer, Oliver Cowdery, William E. McLellin, John Boynton, Luke Johnson and Lyman Johnson. In fact, Marsh’s efforts to maintain a church led by Joseph Smith were rewarded with his appointment as “President pro tem of the Church in Zion,” (

13 Apr 1838 – Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer excommunicated

Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer excommunicated at Far West. David Whitmer was the president of the Missouri stake presidency and Oliver Cowdery was the assistant president.

Whitmer’s excommunication occurred on 13 April 1838. Whitmer refused to appear at the council meeting that severed him from the Church; he wrote: to spare you any further trouble I hereby withdraw from your fellowship and communion—choosing to seek a place among the meek and humble, where the revelations of heaven will be observed and the rights of men regarded. (

The following is from Cowdery’s letter to Bishop Edward Partridge dated Far West, Missouri, April 12, 1838, “I could have wished that these charges might have been deferred until after my interview with President Smith; … The letter proceeds to answer in detail the charges preferred against him by Seymour Brunson, that he had sold his lands in Jackson County, which Cowdery reminds him are alodial in the strictest construction of the term, and have not the least shadow of feudal tenures attached to them, consequently … may be disposed of by deeds of conveyance without the consent or even approbation of a superior…. This attempt to control me in my temporal interests, I conceive to be a disposition to take from me a portion of my constitutional privileges and inherent right …. I only, respectfully, ask leave, therefore, to withdraw from a society assuming they have such right. (

26 Apr 1838 – commandment to build the Far West Temple

(D&C 115:7 – 8) 7 Let the city, Far West, be a holy and consecrated land unto me; and it shall be called most holy, for the ground upon which thou standest is holy. 8 Therefore, I command you to build a house unto me, for the gathering together of my saints, that they may worship me.

7 May 1838 – Don Carlos Smith moves his family to Missouri

When the Smith families migrated, in 1838, to Far West Missouri, the McClearys traveled with them. Sophronia’s youngest brother Don Carlos Smith was in charge of the group. ( SMITH,_Sophronia_-_I39)

Lucy, Joseph Sr., and their family leave for Missouri with sixteen-year-old Lucy and accompanied by three of their married children: (1) twenty-two-year-old Don Carlos, his twenty-nine-year-old wife Agnes, and their two daughters: Agnes Charlotte, who would turn two in August, and threeweek-old Sophronia; (2) thirty-five-year-old Sophronia, her six-year-old daughter Maria by Calvin Stoddard, and her second husband, forty-four-year-old William McCleary; and (3) twenty-four-year-old Katharine, who is eight months pregnant, her twenty-eight-year-old husband, Wilkins Jenkins Salisbury, and their three children: six-year-old Elizabeth, three-year-old Lucy, and two-year-old Solomon Jenkins. Joseph Jr., Hyrum, and Samuel are already in Missouri. William and Caroline apparently did not travel with the family but had apparently reached Missouri by the time they got there. (Lucy’s Book: A Critical Edition of Lucy Mack Smith’s Family Memoir)

11 May 1838 – William E McLellin excommunicated

Joseph Smith attended the trial of William E. McLellin and Dr. McCord before the bishop’s court. Both were excommunicated. (

It will be observed that the text is silent in relation to what action was taken respecting William E. McLellin, and the Far West Record is silent upon the subject also. In fact the minutes of the trial before the Bishop are not written in that record at all. It is known, however, from other sources that William E. McLellin was finally excommunicated from the Church at Far West. Thence forward he took an active part in the persecution of the Saints in Missouri, and at one time expressed the desire to do violence to the person of Joseph Smith, while the latter was confined in Liberty prison. Subsequently he attempted what he called a reorganization of the Church, and called upon David Whitmer to take the presidency thereof, claiming that he was ordained by Joseph Smith on the 8th of July, 1834, as his (the Prophet Joseph’s) successor. The Prophet himself, according to the minutes of the High Council held in Far West, on the 15th of March, 1838, referred to his ordaining of David Whitmer in July, 1834, and this is the account of what he said:

“President Joseph Smith, Jun., gave a history of the ordination of David Whitmer which (ordination) was on conditions that he (Joseph Smith, Jun.,) did not live to God himself. President Joseph Smith, Jun., approved of the proceedings of the High Council after hearing the minutes of the former councils.”—Far West Record, page 108. (

18 May 1838 – Joseph Smith explores Daviess Co.

I left Far West, in company with Sidney Rigdon, Thomas B. Marsh, David W. Patten, Bishop Partridge, Elias Higbee, Simeon Carter, Alanson Ripley, and others, for the purpose of visiting the north country, and laying off a stake of Zion; making locations, and laying claim to lands to facilitate the gathering of the Saints, and for the benefit of the poor, in upholding the Church of God. (HC Vol 3 pg 34)

Under date of 4 June, however, he reports: “I left Far West with President Rigdon, my brother Hyrum and others for Adam-ondi-Ahman, and stayed at Brother Moses Dailey’s over night; and on the morning of the 5th, went to Colonel Lyman Wight’s in the rain. We continued surveying, building houses, day after day, for many days, until the surveyor had completed the city plat.” (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey pg 555)

About June, Joseph Smith, together with many others of the principle men of the Church, came to my house, and taking a view of the large bottom in the bend of the river and the beautiful prairies on the bluff, came to the conclusion that it would be a handsome situation for a town. We, therefore, commenced surveying and laying off town lots, and locating government lands for many miles north of this place. (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey pg 556)

19 May – 29 July 1838 – survey of Adam-ondi-Ahman

In the afternoon I went up the river about half a mile to Wight’s Ferry, accompanied by President Rigdon, and my clerk, George W. Robinson, for the purpose of selecting and laying claim to a city plat near said ferry in Daviess County, township 60, ranges 27 and 28, and sections 25, 36, 31, and 30 …” the next day, however, the prophets company “traveled about six miles north.” The following morning, 21 May, work was begun making locations for settlement in townships 61, ranges 27 and 28, following which the company returned to “Robisons Grove,” some two miles to the south, and set up camp. That evening the Prophet called a council of the brethren for the purpose of deciding “whether is was wisdom to go immediately into the north country, or tarry here or hereabouts, to secure land on Grand River, etc.” Each one present was permitted to express his feeling, after which the Prophet said he “felt impressed to tarry and secure all the land nearby that is not secured between this and Far West, especially on the Grand River.” The Council voted unanimously in favor of the Prophets proposal. … of the next days activity, the Prophet records: “Wednesday, 23-We all traveled east, locating lands, to secure a claim on Grove Creek, and near the city of Adam-ondi-Ahman.” Three days later, following the Prophets return to Far West, “the company surveyed land on the other side of the river opposite Adam-ondi-Ahman. (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey pg 556 – 557)

The company’s chief surveyor was Alanson Ripley a faithful member of the church, Abraham 0 Smoot was flagman when ripley surveyed the town plat (HC 3:38)

Upon the extremities of the twelve mile square there were laid off lots of a thousand acres each: one upon the east, west, north, and south. These thousand acre lots were designed as the general farming lands of the whole brotherhood, who were all to be under the direction of the dignitaries or overseers of the congregations; and from the proceeds of these thousand acre lots. the laboring part. or those who tilled them, were to receive their bread stuffs and their seed grain, while the residue of the crops was to go to support the church. … This stake is so laid out, that all in going to and from their dwellings to the center lots to work. have precisely the same distance to travel. (

19 May 1838 – Spring Hill is named Adam-ondi-Ahman

(D&C 116:1) 1 SPRING Hill is named by the Lord Adam-ondi-Ahman, because, said he, it is the place where Adam shall come to visit his people, or the Ancient of Days shall sit, as spoken of by Daniel the prophet.


Adam-ondi-Ahman: Adam means “man” in Hebrew, and Ahman means “God” in the pure language… Ondi means “in the presence of,” “at,” “by” or “around.” (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 380)

It was the cradle of civilization, where mortal family life began, and it was the home of Adam and Eve, where Adam began to till the earth and rear a family. (Genesis 3:23 – 24)

Adam’s Altar

During surveying of Diahman in May and June 1838, Joseph apparently told some of the surveyors about Adam’s altar. When the Prophet went to the top of the hill, he gave it the name tower Hill “in consequence of the remains of an old Nephitish altar and Tower” located there. When first located by the Prophet, the altar was composed of a loose pile of rocks on and in a mound of mixed dirt and rocks. The mound was about 36 feet in diameter and about 36 inches higher than the surrounding ground level. The altar, as found by Joseph Smith, was not constructed of fine hewn stones with neatly mortared joints: rather, it was described as the remains of an altar that had been. The Lord revealed to Moses that “if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.” (Exodus 20:25) (Sacred Places Vol 4, pg 381 – 386)

Shortly after his arrival Joseph rowed up the Grand River to Lyman Wight’s ferry to explore land on the north bank in Daviess County [Missouri]. On a high bluff overlooking the river someone in the party discovered the ruins of what seemed to be an altar and excitedly led the prophet to it. After examining it Joseph stood silent, his eyes sweeping over the prairie that rolled away beneath him….The glory of the scene made Joseph heady as with new wine. ‘This is the valley of God in which Adam blessed his children,’ he said, ‘and upon this very altar Adam himself offered up sacrifices to Jehovah….we will lay out a city which shall be called Adam-ondi-Ahman. Here Adam, the Ancient of Days, shall come to visit his people….’ (No Man Knows My History: the life of Joseph Smith, by Fawn Brodie, Random House, 1971, p. 211)

It would appear, then, that the evidence still suggests the existence of more than one altar, or at least one altar and a tower. Admittedly, the various classifications represent an individual judgment and are certainly open to challenge. (

Father Adam blessed his posterity

Adam’s blessing site is where the Lord appeared and where John D. Lee built his cabin, according to witnesses listed below. It was 248 feet directly south of Adam’s altar, on the east side on Main Street. The site is about 50 – 60 feet north of the modern farm road located at the south base of Tower Hill. After Joseph Smith identified Adam’s Altar Site to some of the brethren on Oct. 21, 1838, and while still at the site, the Prophet turned toward the valley below and said, “Here…is the real valley where Father Adam…called his posterity together and blessed them”. Then Joseph and the brethren, including Chapman Duncan, descended Tower Hill, going south toward Chapman’s home. He rote that they went “perhaps fifteen rods” [247.5 feet] to the valley, after which the Prophet stopped and remarked. “This place where we stood is the place where Adam gathered his posterity and blessed them, and predicted what should come to pass to the latest generations” John D. Lee wrote, “I had built a cabin in the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, at the point where the Prophet said Adam blessed his posterity after being driven from the Garden of Eden”. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 393)

Father Adam ‘Sits’ at Adam-ondi-Ahman

(Note: Father Adam will sit in the same place that he blessed his posterity. When Adam sits the saints will be given judgment and they will go forth to redeem Zion. see the appendix for a fuller discussion of Adam sitting)

(D&C 116:1) 1 SPRING Hill is named by the Lord Adam-ondi-Ahman, because, said he, it is the place where Adam shall come to visit his people, or the Ancient of Days shall sit, as spoken of by Daniel the prophet.

Benjamin F. Johnson became the owner of the lot on which Adam’s altar was located. Under the direction of the Prophet, the city had been surveyed and divided into lots, from which each man could choose one. Because the oldest men and the married men were given priority in selecting their lots, Benjamin, 20 and unmarried at the time, was one of the last to choose. He wrote:

When it was my choice I found I must take the top lot on the promontory overlooking the Grand River Valley, or go farther away and lower down than I wished to. So I chose the upper, which at first appeared rocky, but which made the other lots appear almost enviable. When, after a few days, the Prophet accompanied us to this spot, and pointed out those rocks as the ones of which Adam built an altar and offered sacrifice upon this spot, where he stood and blessed the multitude of his children, when they called him Michael, and where he will again sit as the Ancient of Days, then I was not envious of anyone’s choice for a city lot in Adam-ondi-Ahman. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 387)

Priesthood Council at Adam-ondi-Ahman

(Note: The great event, when Christ comes to Adam-ondi-Ahman, to receive the keys and take possession of the earth is also a future event that will take place which is not the same event as when Father Adam sits. Daniel describes this great council in Daniel 7 but in different verses than when Adam sits. see the Appendix)

(Daniel 7:13 – 14) 13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

Daniel in his seventh chapter speaks of the Ancient of Days; he means the oldest man, our Father Adam, Michael, he will call his children together and hold a council with them to prepare them for the coming of the Son of Man. He (Adam) is the father of the human family, and presides over the spirits of all men, and all that have had the keys must stand before him in this grand council. This may take place before some of us leave this stage of action. The Son of Man stands before him, and there is given him glory and dominion. Adam delivers up his stewardship to Christ, that which was delivered to him as holding the keys of the universe, but retains his standing as head of the human family. (HC 3:386)
Preachers Rock and Grove of Trees

The valley floor is now used for farmland, and the surrounding hills are deeply wooded. On the site are a few scenic overlooks, including Spring Hill and Tower Hill. “Preacher Rock,” where the Prophet is said to have stood and taught, is a short walk off the main trail at Tower Hill. There is even a marker to show the spot where Lyman Wight’s cabin once stood. (

The grove area was “beautifully shaded.” said William Swartzell, and it adjoined Lyman’s house, “where a number of benches were made out of trees split in two”. A wagon served as a speaker’s stand and pulpit. …a conference, presided over by the Prophet Joseph Smith, convened at 10 A.M. in “the grove.” … the first formal Sabbath meeting in Adam-ondi-Ahman was conducted in “the grove”. A week later the first sacrament meeting was held there. Stake president John Smith wrote, “Attended meeting in a grove, broke bread to the saints for the first time, this ordinance has been attended to in this branch.” Mormon militia meetings were held in “the grove” for six consecutive Saturday nights… (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 443 – 444)

 I drove some of the Visitor Center Sister Missionaries to Adam-ondi-Ahman on Thursday for a tour of the place.  It was great.  I stood on Preacher’s Rock where Joseph Smith delivered sermons.  I stood down in the grove of trees and listened to a man’s voice as he talked from Preacher’s Rock in a very low voice and heard every word. I stood where Lyman Wight’s house was located just a few yards up the hill from Preacher’s Rock.  I stood where it is believed that there were ancient altars of Nephites and Adam and Eve.  … There aren’t any beautiful structures here, but the church spends a lot of money and 12 couples sacrifice a lot of time to keep the thousands of acres as beautiful as temple grounds.  It is amazing. ( 2015)

Chapter Two

trouble follow the Mormons wherever they go 

1838 – Millport Mob headquarters

In 1838 Millport became the headquarters of the vigilante mobbers who wreaked havoc among the Mormons in Daviess County. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 359)

Living here (Millport) was John Tarwater, whose son Samuel later participated in the Crooked River battle. Jacob Rogers, a ferryman on the Grand River, later was among the Haun’s Mil mob. A gristmill operated by Robert P. Peniston, Sr., whose sons, William and Theodore, became prominent in the Mormon troubles. Other neighbors were Josiah and Jesse Morin, John and Thomas Edwards, Lewis Linville, Christopher Stone, Elizah B. Creekmore, Merriweather T. Green, Sheriff and Judge: all were soon to take part in the uprisings. (the Latter Day Saints on the Missouri Frontier by Pearl Wilcox)

June 1838 – Kirtland Camp begin the long trek

The Kirtland Camp was a migration company made up of several hundred Latter-day Saints that traveled from Kirtland, Ohio to northern Missouri in 1838 and is notable as the first mass emigration company for Mormon families. The seventies began planning the exodus in the Kirtland Temple on 6 March 1838 and extended the opportunity of joining the company to all members of the church in the area shortly afterwards. Despite poverty and ongoing opposition from other community members, the company was organized and departed with over 500 members in June 1838. The Kirtland Camp traveled nearly 800 miles between Kirtland, Ohio and Adam-ondi-Ahman, Missouri over the period of 6 July 1838 to 4 October 1838. Members of the camp covenanted to live by a constitution that provided guidelines regarding the camp’s organization and set a code of conduct for its members. The company was divided into four divisions to facilitate oversight of company members. (

23 June 1838 – Mormon town of DeWitt settled

DeWitt: 1. Permanently settled, by 1826. 2 Laid out, 1836. 3 First called Elderport; name changed to De Witt, 1837, when town acquired by speculators David Thomas and Henry Root, who later interested church leaders in its strategic location. 4 Although about seventy miles from Far West, it provided port at confluence of Grand and Missouri rivers for importing goods needed by Latter-day Saints in northern Missouri and for exporting their farm products. 5 Missouri high council commissioned George Hinkle and John Murdock to purchase almost half of town lots, 23 June 1838. (

June 1838 – Danites organized

In 1834, during the march of Zion’s Camp, Joseph Smith created a militia known as the “Armies of Israel” to protect his community. Some historians have alleged this militia to be the original formation of the Danite band. (

They were active as a formal organization in Missouri in 1838. They began as a group of zealots determined to drive out internal dissension among the Mormons— the so called dissenters which group included former high ranking Mormons including the Three Witnesses— but progressed to becoming involved in militia and paramilitary conflicts with U.S. forces and both civilians and law enforcement of Missouri. ( wiki/Danite)

Joseph Smith encouraged the Saints to be unafraid and referred to a passage in the 18th chapter of Judges about the tribe of Dan, “If the enemy comes, the Danites will be after them, meaning the brethren in self-defense.”: One of those who heard Joseph speak of the Danites was Sampson Avard. Sampson Avard secretly organized some of the brethren into companies for mutual defense and protection. He said he had the sanction of the First Presidency. He also taught those who would follow him that they should lead their companies against the gentiles, to rob and plunder them, and waste them away. With the loot, the kingdom of God would be built. The majority of Avard’s followers left him in disgust, and soon Avard was excommunicated. ( wiki/Danite)

17 June 1838 – Sidney Rigdon gives his ‘Salt Sermon’

To Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, John Whitmer, William W. Phelps, and Lyman E. Johnson, greeting: Out of the county you shall go, and no power shall save you. And you shall have three days after you receive this communication…for you to depart with your families peaceably;…and unless you heed us,…there shall be no escape; for there is but one decree for you, which is depart, depart, or a more fatal calamity shall befall you…we will put you from the county of Caldwell: so help us God.” (

19 June 1838 – dissenters leave Caldwell Co.

David Whitmer: Whitmer used his position as one of the Three Witnesses to condemn Smith’s church: “If you believe my testimony to the Book of Mormon,” wrote Whitmer, “if you believe that God spake to us three witnesses by his own voice, then I tell you that in June, 1838, God spake to me again by his own voice from the heavens and told me to ‘separate myself from among the Latter Day Saints, for as they sought to do unto me, so it should be done unto them.’ (

Whitmer continued to live in Richmond, where he operated a successful livery stable and became a prominent and respected citizen. In 1867, he was elected to fill an unexpired term as mayor (1867–68). … At McLellin’s urging, Whitmer exercised his claim to be Smith’s successor and the Church of Christ (Whitmerite) was formed in Kirtland, Ohio. However, Whitmer never joined the body of the new church and it dissolved relatively quickly. (

John Whitmer: Whitmer’s parents and his brother David remained in Richmond for the rest of their lives, but John and his own family returned to Far West. Emptied of the Latter Day Saints, Far West became a ghost town. Many of its houses were moved off to other settlements, and Far West lost the county seat to nearby Kingston. Whitmer continued to live in Far West, buying up land (including the proposed temple site) and eventually amassing a large farm. He occasionally gave visitors tours of the former settlement. ( John_Whitmer)

Oliver Cowdery: In 1838, following his excommunication, Oliver returned to Ohio, … he continued law study and practiced in Kirtland, but in 1840 he moved to Tiffin, Ohio, where he became a prominent civic leader as an ardent Democrat. In 1847 Oliver moved to Wisconsin, where he continued his law practice and was almost elected to the first state legislature, in spite of newspaper accounts ridiculing his published declaration of seeing the angel and the plates. (,_Oliver)

In 1838, Cowdery left and was excommunicated from the church founded by Smith and later became a Methodist. In 1848, he returned to the Latter Day Saint movement and was baptized into The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (

26 June 1838 – John Smith moves to Adam-ondi-Ahman

John Smith and six other families, totaling 35 people, made up the first group of Saints to settle at Diahman. They arrived on June 26, 1838. … Four days after arriving in Diahman, John and his family put up “part of a house.” On Sunday, July 1, John wrote in his journal, “Attended meeting for the first time in the place in a grove, … I believe I built the first house in the city, there are a few families living in tents. … By July 16 they moved their beds into their new log cabin, which was complete enough to live in. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 415 – 416)

The word conflict describes the conditions in Daviess County and the Adam-ondi-Ahman area during the town’s brief existence. Soon after the first group of seven families of Saints moved to Adam-ondi-Ahman at the end of June 1837, the threat of conflict began. As a result, few settlers lived in Diahman for very long. Lyman Wight, the town’s first settler, lived there only eight months; John Smith’s small group, only four months; and the Kirtland Camp Saints, four to six weeks. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 361)


28 June 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman stake organized

On June 28, 1838, a stake was organized here, of which the following minutes were published: Adam-ondi-Ahman, Missouri, Daviess County, June 28, 1838. A conference of elders and members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints was held in this place this day, for the purpose of organizing this stake of Zion, called Adam-ondi-Ahman.  The meeting convened at ten o’clock a. m. in the grove near the house of Elder Lyman Wight. (

President Joseph Smith, jr., was culled to the chair, who explained the object of the meeting, which was to organize a presidency and high council, to preside over this stake of Zion, and attend to the affairs of the church in Daviess County.  It was then motioned, seconded, and carried by the unanimous voice of the assembly, that President John Smith should act as president of the Stake of Adam-ondi-Ahman.  Reynolds Cahoon was unanimously chosen first counselor, and layman Wight second counselor.  After prayer the presidents ordained Elder Wight as second counselor.  Vinson Knight was chosen acting bishop pro tempore, by the unanimous voice of the assembly. President John Smith then proceeded to organize the High Council. The counselors were chosen according to the following order, by a unanimous vote; John Lemon; Daniel Stanton; Mayhew Hillman; Daniel Carter; Isaac Perry; Harrison Sagers; Alanson Brown; Thomas Gordon; Lorenzo D. Barnes; George A. Smith; Harvey Olmstead; Ezra Thayer, (

Adam-ondi-Ahman: The green area on the left is where the town center was located. The Grand River is on the right. The sand bar on the bottom right is where Lyman Wight had his ferry.

1 July 1838 – feelings of prosperity

By July 1838, with people moving to Diahman, building cabins, and preparing farms for planting, the Saints were enjoying feelings of prosperity. Despite threats, a somewhat peaceful atmosphere existed in Daviess County in July 1838, but during the next four months, mobs threatened life, liberty, and property. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 361)

George A. Smith, son of John, states that he helped his father build “a two story log house on a lot in Adam-ondi-Ahman” soon after the family’s arrival. He also “helped to raise twenty-five log houses in 25 days.” … “All things are going on as briskly as ever. The brethren are getting lots and raising houses on them–two or three everyday.” (Adam-ondi-Ahman: A Brief Historical Survey pg 563)

4 July 1838 – Sidney Rigdon gives his 4th of July speech

Rigdon’s July 4th oration was a speech delivered by Mormon leader Sidney Rigdon during a 4th of July celebration in Far West, Missouri in 1838. Rigdon was first counselor to, and often spokesman for, Joseph Smith Jr. The oration was meant as a Mormon “declaration of independence” against “mobocrats” and Anti-Mormon-persecution. In his speech, Rigdon declared:

We take God and all the holy angels to witness this day, that we warn all men in the name of Jesus Christ, to come on us no more forever. For from this hour, we will bear it no more, our rights shall no more be trampled on

with impunity. The man or the set of men, who attempts it, does it at the expense of their lives. And that mob that comes on us to disturb us; it shall be between us and them a war of extermination; for we will follow them till the last drop of their blood is spilled, or else they will have to exterminate us: for we will carry the seat of war to their own houses, and their own families, and one party or the other shall be utterly destroyed.—Remember it then all MEN. (

8 July 1838 — Land where Adam dwelt

(D&C 117:8 – 9) 8 Is there not room enough on the mountains of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and on the plains of Olaha Shinehah, or the land where Adam dwelt, that you should covet that which is but the drop, and neglect the more weighty matters? 9 Therefore, come up hither unto the land of my people, even Zion.

8 July 1838 – church commanded to live the Law of Consecration

The passage of scripture which is commonly used erroneously, to suggest a new lesser law, that temporarily replaces the law of consecration, is found in section 119 of the Doctrine and Covenants. The truth is that Section 119 is not introducing a new lesser law to replace the law of consecration, it is reiterating and clarifying the law of consecration that had previously been given in section 42 and other revelations. 119  is completely consistent with section 42 and every other section about consecration. ( miscellaneous-musings-4/)

(D&C 119:1 – 4) 1 VERILY, thus saith the Lord, I require all their surplus property to be put into the hands of the bishop of my church in Zion, 2 For the building of mine house, and for the laying of the foundation of Zion and for the priesthood, and for the debts of the Presidency of my Church. 3 And this shall be the beginning of the tithing of my people. 4 And after that, those who have thus been tithed shall pay one–tenth of all their interest annually; and this shall be a standing law unto them forever, for my holy priesthood, saith the Lord.

Brigham Young was present when the Lord revealed section 119. He was assigned to go among the Saints “and find out what surplus property the people had, with which to forward the building of the Temple we were commencing at Far West.” Before setting out he asked Joseph, ‘Who shall be the judge of what is surplus property?’ Said he, ‘Let them be the judge themselves.” As a result, some Latter-day Saints offered their surplus property. Some offered some of it. Some offered none. None were coerced.  (

14 July 1838 – Mobs discusses how to get rid of the DeWitt Mormons

Some short time after the settlement first began, there was a mob meeting called at Carrillton, the county seat of Carrill County, and resolutions passed, of a very treasonable character. The proceedings of this meeting, were published in the public papers. They there resolved to drive the saints out of the County, regardless of consequences. A Committee was appointed to go and warn them of their danger; and to demand of them, that they leave the County forthwith. All these transactions were public, and perfectly known to the authorities of the country; but not the most distant attempt was made to bring any of them to justice. In consequence of the apathy of the government, the mob went on to holding meeting after meeting — passing resolution after resolution, and threatening the saints with death, unless they would leave their homes and property, and go out of the County. These proceedings were all public and notorious. This mob was led by two Presbyterian preachers; one by the name of Woods, called Sashel Woods; the other by the name of Hancock. They did not attempt to charge the saints with crime; it was their religion, and their religion only to which they took exception.  (sidney rigdon. com/1840RigA.htm)

29 July 1838 – church meetings held in Lyman Wights home

The Saints began to hold Church meetings in Cabin No. 2 on July 29, 1838, even though they had to use the floor joists as chairs and put branches of trees on the ceiling joists for shade. … The July 29 meeting was a sacrament meeting with two special speakers: Sidney Rigdon and Joseph Smith. Joseph spoke of his willingness to die for the Lord, while Sidney spoke of the Church’s organization, gifts, and doctrine. Before then, meetings were held in “the grove,” near Lyman Wight Cabin No. 1, where the Saints sat on benches in the shade of trees.(Sacred Places Vol 4, pg 402)

Aug 1838 – vote to remove Mormons from DeWitt

The battle of DeWitt. In the August elections the settlers in Carroll County voted to expel the saints from their river port at DeWitt. (HC 2:199 – 204)

5 Aug 1838 — preemption land notice

The federal government gave notice in the St. Louis Missouri Argus August 5, 1838–and reprinted every week through the months of August, September, and November–that all preemption claimants must appear at the land office in Lexington, Missouri, as soon as possible to prove their claims. … They had until 12 November 1838 to make their claim, at which time the land was opened to the public for sale. With the city growing and a stake formed, the Saints organized to take advantage of this blessing. Joseph was to file for preempt land on Range 27, Township 60, Section 30, South West Quarter, and Range 28, Township 60, Section 25, South East corner, which included both sides of the river. Sidney would file on the land located on the east in Range 27, Township 60, Section 30, South East Quarter, joined to the Prophet’s land. Twenty-eight other members of the Church were designated to buy preempt land within the city plan of Adam-ondi-Ahman: John Buchanan, John Corrill (Church Historian), R. Esby, Andrew Ezra, Elias Higbee, Francis Higbee (Church Historian) John Hurd, Lonny Lawson, Silas Mainard, T.B. Marsh (President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles), Edward Partridge (Presiding Bishop), David Wyman Patten (Apostle), Sidney Rigdon (member of First Presidency), Alyson Ripley, Henry Garlie Sherwood, John Smith, Don Carlos Smith, Joseph Smith Jr., Samual Harrison Smith, Alva Thayer and son Andrew, Harvey Thayer, Lyman Wight, Olive Wight, Orange Wight, Zacharigh Wilson, Samuel Wolf, and George A. Smith. (Adam-ondi-Ahman A Legacy of Adam and Eve pg 110 – 111)

6 Aug 1838 — Gallatin election day skirmish

Some two weeks previous to this, Judge Morin, who lived at Millport, informed John D. Lee and Levi Stewart that it was determined by the mob to prevent the “Mormons” from voting at the election on the sixth day of August, and thereby elect Colonel William P. Peniston, who led the mob in Clay County. He also advised them to go prepared for an attack, to stand their ground and have their rights. The brethren, hoping better things, gave little heed to Judge Morin’s friendly counsel, and repaired to the polls at Gallatin, the shire town of Daviess County, without weapons. About eleven o’clock a. m. (genealogytrails .com/mo/mormonwar_history1.htm)

There is a local resident named William Peniston who founded Millport just about 10 miles south of Gallatin and he’s running for office and he is running as a Whig and he’s running against a guy named Josiah Morin, a former judge who befriended Joseph Smith and is one of Joseph’s non-Mormon friends in the area, and it becomes pretty clear to Peniston that the Mormons are going to throw their vote with Josiah Morin and that Peniston has no chance of winning the election if that happens. (

William P. Peniston ascended the head of a barrel and haranged [sic]the electors for the purpose of exciting them against the “Mormons,” saying that the “Mormon” leaders were a set of horse thieves, liars, counterfeiters, etc., and you know they profess to heal the sick, cast out devils,etc.; and you know that is a d-d lie; that the members of the church were dupes, and not too good to take a false oath on any common occasion; that they would steal, and he did not conceive property safe where they were; that he was opposed to their settling there; and if they suffered the “Mormons” to vote, the people would soon lose their suffrage; and, said he, addressing the Saints, I headed a mob to drive you out of Clay County, and would not prevent your being mobbed now;  (genealogytrails .com/mo/mormonwar_history1.htm)

7 Aug 1838 – 1st Call for help from Caldwell Militia

Tuesday morning, 7th. A report came to Far West, by way of those not belonging to the church, that at the election at Gallatin yesterday two or three of our brethren were killed by the Missourians, and left upon the ground, and not suffered to be interred; that the brethren were prevented from voting, and a majority of the inhabitants of Daviess County were determined to drive the Saints from the county.  ( /mo/mormonwar_history1.htm)

On hearing this report I started for Gallatin to assist the brethren, accompanied by President Rigdon, Brother Hyrum Smith, and fifteen or twenty others, who were armed for their own protection, and the command was given to George W. Robinson. On our way we were joined by the brethren from different parts of the country, some of whom were attacked by the mob, but we found some of the brethren who had been mobbed at Gallatin, with others, waiting for our counsel. Here we received the cheering intelligence that none of the brethren were killed, although several were badly wounded. From the best information, about one hundred and fifty Missourians warred against from six to twelve of our brethren, who fought like lions. Several Missourians had their skulls cracked. Blessed be the memory of those few brethren who contended so strenuously for their constitutional rights and religious freedom, against such an overwhelming force of desperadoes. 

8 Aug 1838 – Caldwell Militia investigate

Wednesday, 8th. After spending the night in counsel at Colonel Wight’s, I rode out with some of the brethren to view the situation of affairs in the region, and among others called on Adam Black, justice of the peace and judge elect of Daviess County, who had some time previous sold his farm to Brother Vinson Knight, and received part pay according to agreement, and afterwards united himself with a band of mobbers to drive the Saints from, and prevent their settling in Daviess County. On interrogation he confessed what he had done, and in consequence of this violation of his oath as magistrate we asked him to give us some satisfaction so that we might know whether he was our friend or enemy, whether he would administer the law in justice; and politely requested him to sign an agreement of peace. returned to Colonel Wight’s at Adam-ondi-Ahman. In the evening some of the citizens from Mill Port called on us, and we agreed to meet some of the principal men of the county in council at Adam-ondi-Ahman the next day at twelve o’clock. (The Journal of Joseph: The Personal History of a Modern Prophet pg 125)

Black later went before a justice and swore that he had been intimidated and forced to sign the statement, and a warrant was issued for the arrest of Joseph Smith, Lyman Wight, and others. They surrendered, and after a preliminary hearing before Judge Austin A. King were placed under bond to appear for trial September 7. (

9 Aug 1838 – covenant of peace

The committee assembled at Adam-ondi-Ahman at twelve, according to previous appointment; viz: on the part of citizens, Joseph Morin, senator elect; John Williams, representative elect; James B. Turner, clerk of the circuit court, and others; on the part of the Saints, Lyman Wight, Vinson Knight, John Smith, Reynolds Cahoon, and others. At this meeting both parties entered into a covenant of peace, to preserve each other’s rights, and stand in their defense; that if men should do wrong, neither party should uphold them or endeavor to screen them from justice, but deliver up all offenders to be dealt with according to law and justice. The assembly dispersed on these friendly terms, myself and friends returning to Far West, where we arrived about midnight and found all quiet. (The Journal of Joseph: The Personal History of a Modern Prophet pg 125)

Said Joseph Smith was not addressed on the subject, but I was, who, in behalf of the Saints, entered into an agreement with the other citizens of the county that we would live in peace, enjoying those blessings fought for by our forefathers. But while some of their leading men were entering into this contract, others were raising mobs; and in a short time the mob increased to two hundred and five, rank and file, and they encamped within 5 miles of Adam-ondi-Ahman. (HC 3: 441)



1 Sep 1838 – City of Seth appointed as a stake

Seth, a proposed city and stake of Zion that never materialized because of the expulsion of the Saints from Missouri, was to be centered in Marrowbone Settlement … It was to be built as one of a series of cities between Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 372)

Seth was named after Adam’s son…. On Sept 1, 1838 Joseph Smith and his counselors, along with Judge Elias Higbee, went to Littlefield’s home in Marrowbone “for the purpose of appointing a city of Zion, for the gathering of the Saints in that place, for safety, and from the storm which will soon come upon this generation, and that the brethren may be together in the hour of the coming of the son of Man and that they may receive instructions to prepare them for that great day which will come upon this generation as a thief in the night” (HC 3:68)

6 Sep 1838 – trial of Joseph Smith

The Halfway House was used as a courthouse, where the Prophet Joseph Smith was tried on Sept. 6, 1838 … Black accused the Prophet of coercing him into signing a document that said he would protect the rights of the Mormons. The prophet hired Gen. David R. Atchison and Gen. Alexander W Doniphan, lawyers from Liberty, as his legal counsel. … Joseph and Hyrum Smith, Lyman Wight, and Elias Higbee rode their horses 13 miles and appeared before Judge King at the Halfway House. “The trial could not proceed, on account of the absence of the plaintiff, and lack of testimony, and the court adjourned” until the next day at John Raglin’s cabin, about seven miles to the south east. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 373)

7 Sep 1838 – trial continued

Mr. [John] Raglin i some 6 or 8 miles farther south, and also  he is a real mob character, he lives within one half mile of Caldwell County line.We did not know but  there would be a disturbance among the mob characters, today, we accordingly had an army  of men placed at the county line so as to be ready at a minuits warning if there should be any difficulty at the trial, Adam Black who  contrived to swear a great may things that never  had an existace [existence] untill he swore them and I pr esume, never entered the heart of any man The Judge bound Prest Smith & Col. [Lyman] Wight over to court  in a five hundred dollar bond, there was  no proof against them criminal, but it is  suposed he did it to pasify as much as possible  the feelings of the mobers.  (

11 Sep 1838 – 2nd time Militia aids Adam-ondi-Ahman

The arrest of these three men created great excitement. The Saints petitioned the Governor of Missouri at once for protection, while the Missourians petitioned the Governor to drive all Mormons from the State. On September 11, General Atchison in his military capacity ordered the militia to march immediately to the scene of excitement and insurrection; this order being given by Major General Atchison to his law partner, Brigadier General Doniphan. (

General Doniphan moved his troops near the mob force, and came up and conversed with me on the subject. After conversing some time on the subject. Major Hughes came and informed General Doniphan that his men were mutinying, and the mob were determined to fall on the Saints in Adam-ondi-Ahman. Having a colonel’s commission under Doniphan I (Lyman Wight) was commanded to call out my troops forthwith, and to use Doniphan’s own language, “kill every G—d—mobocrat you can find in the county, or make them prisoners; and if they come upon you give them hell.” He then returned to his troops and gave them an address, stating the interview he had with me; and he also said to the mob, that if they were so disposed. They could go on with their measures; that he considered that Colonel Wight, with the militia under his command all sufficient to quell every G—d—mobocrat in the county; and if they did not feel disposed so to do, to go home or G—d—them, he would kill every one of them The mob then dispersed. (HC 3:442)

Daviess for a little season, by this means was free from them. It was during this time, that the people of Daviess, made sale of their lands and other property to the saints, all the time saying to their particular friends, that they intended, as soon as they got pay for their lands and other property, to drive the saints off, and take it by force from them. They declared that they were fools, if they did not do so, seeing that the law could not be enforced against them for so doing.  (

Sep 1838 – Hiram Wilcoxson sent to get a cannon

The Carroll county forces likewise returned to their camp for the purpose of awaiting re-enforcements. Volunteers from Ray, Clay and Howard counties soon arrived. Hiram Wilcoxen was sent to Jackson county for a piece of artillery, which it was designed to use in battering down the houses. As some days would elapse before the return, every precaution was taken in the meantime to cut off and turn back the Mormon emigrants who still continued to re-enforce DeWitt. (History of Carroll County pg 252)

25 Sep 1838 – Kirtland Camp at Huntsville Missouri

Tuesday 25th. The camp passed through Huntsville, Randolf Co., which had been appointed as one of the Stakes of Zion, and which the Prophet said was the ancient site of the City of Manti…(The Historical Record, “Kirtland Camp”, Vol. VII, July 1888, pg. 601)

Sep 1838 – cannon brought from Independence

Mr Wilcoxson arrived in due time with the cannon which he had procured in Jackson county, and which he brought with him on a wagon he had hired for the purpose.. At Elkhorn, in Ray county, where he was obliged to stay overnight, he found a Scotchman who had seen several years of artillery service in the British army, and whom he brought along to the seat of the war. The materials for the carriage had already been prepared and the cannon was soon mounted. … The arrival of the cannon was hailed with satisfaction, as it was thought to be destined to play an important part in a settlement of the difficulties. (History of Caldwell county pg 254)

1 Oct 1838 – Dewitt attacked

The mob finding themselves prevented from perpetrating farther outrages in Daviess County, collected at DeWitt, (where the Mormons had a small settlement,) with increased force, a reinforcement from Jackson County, with a six pounder, having joined them. Here they proceeded to burn houses, shoot cattle, destroy property, threaten lives, and even fire at Mormons. Gen. Parks, hearing of their new attack, moved at once with his troops to DeWitt. The mob, however, had now become so strong that they put him at defiance, and declared that they were a mob–that they would make no compromise except on the condition of the Mormons quitting the state, and that otherwise they would exterminate them. The leaders of this mob were Major Ashby, a member of the legislature, and Sashiel Woods, a Presbyterian clergyman. Meanwhile, Gen. Atchison, hearing of the situation of the Mormons, (who were now hemmed in by the mob between the Missouri and Grand rivers, near their junction,) went down to De Wit; and, by his advice, they sent a petition to Gov. Boggs, requesting his protection, who returned for answer, that he could give them no assistance, but that they must fight their own battle for themselves. The Mormons were therefore compelled, at great loss of property, to evacuate the place, and fly to Far West, in Caldwell County. (

1 Oct 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman buys a grist mill

After the election battle, William Peniston, Sr. refused to allow the Mormons to grind wheat and corn at his horse mill as they had done for six months. The Saints were left to do their grinding and grating by hand. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 474)

The Saints were grateful when the Church was able to buy a horse mill from Josiah Morin on about Oct. 1. William Huntington recalled: (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 474)

About this time I removed my family from Far West the Church purchased a grist mill of Judge Morin of Daviess County. We removed the mill to Diahman, repaired the mill and got it in operation, and done first-rate business. About the time the war became severe at the time the mill was just in operation, I was appointed to take the charge of the mill. [I] also was appointed commissary of the army [and] had the charge of distributing all of the provision to the Church, such as meal and meat, tallow, etc. during the stay of the Church in Diahman. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 474)


2 Oct 1838 – Kirtland Camp arrives at Far West

On 2 October, nearly three months after beginning their journey, the main company of Kirtland Camp arrived safely at Far West. At the time of their arrival, tension between the Mormons and the local inhabitants was increasing, especially in Daviess County, where during the previous month, vigilante groups had engaged in a number of isolated hostile actions against Mormon settlers. Hoping to strengthen the Mormon presence in the region, Church leaders directed Kirtland Camp members to move to Adam-ondi-Ahman, where they arrived on 4 October. (

4 Oct 1838 – Kirtland Camp continues to Adam-ondi-Ahman

From there they made their way to Adam-ondi-Ahman—the primary Mormon settlement in Daviess County, Missouri—by 4 October. Unfortunately, the company reached Missouri during the 1838 Mormon War. As such, they were only able to settle the region for a few weeks before they were forced to relocate to Far West after Joseph Smith and other Church leaders surrendered in early November. They were forced to leave Missouri altogether on the order of Missouri Governor Lilburn W. Boggs the following February. Other members of the Kirtland Camp who made their way into Missouri behind the main company would become victims of the Haun’s Mill massacre on 30 October 1838. (

11 Oct 1838 – DeWitt falls

Realizing that further resistance would be useless, the Saints agreed to leave DeWitt if they were paid the appraised value of their property. The appraised value was less than the real value but this proved unimportant, since nothing was ever paid for the property thus stolen. The Saints packed their personal effects in wagons and started to Far West. Some were so weakened by hunger and exposure that they died on the way. This was on the 11th of October, 1838. (

The Dewitt saints depart for Far West in a caravan consisting of 600 men, women and children and about 70 wagons. During the siege and journey several die of fatigue, privation and exposure to the elements. (Time line saints expulsion from Zion and to expulsion from Missouri)

15 Oct 1838 – Missouri Mob returns to Daviess Co.

No sooner had they started then Sashel Woods, called the mob together,and made a speech to them, saying, that they must hasten to assist their friends in Daviess County. The land sales (he said) were coming on; and if they could get the Mormons driven out; they could get all the lands, entitled to pre-emptions; and that they must hasten to Daviess, in order to accomplish their object — that, if they would join, and drive them out, they could get all the lands back again, as well as all the pay they had received for them. He assured the mob, that they had nothing to fear from the authorities in so doing; for they had now, full proof, that the authorities would not assist the Mormons, and that they might as well take their property from them as not. His request was complied with, and accordingly the whole banditti started taking with them, their cannon, for Daviess County. (sidneyrigdon .com/1840RigA.htm)

Oct 1838 – cannon arrives in Chillicothe and then Millport

Sometime prior to October 20, 1838 col Thomas Jennings, the commanding officer of the Missouri State Militia in Livingston County, headquartered in Chillicothe and father of Capt. William O Jennings, of the same county militia, sent a detachment of men to take delivery of the cannon in question from DeWitt, and return with it. Their intentions were not really clear, but later it was rumored that it was to be used against the Mormons at Adam-Ondi-Ahman. The detachment did acquire the cannon and return to Chillicothe, Then, passing, it continued on to Millport, Missouri. (Thumbnail sketch of the Cannon’s path)

After the abandonment of Dewitt, and the flight of the “Mormons” from Carroll, one Sashiel Woods addressed the mob, advising them to take their cannon and march to the county of Daviess, and drive the “Mormons” from that county, and seize upon their lands and other property, saying that the “Mormons” could get no benefit of the law, as they had recently seen. They then commenced their march from Carroll to Daviess, carrying with them the cannon which they had received from Jackson. On their way they captured two “Mormons” made them ride on the cannon, and taunted them as they went along, telling them that they were going to drive the “Mormons” form Daviess to Caldwell, and from Caldwell to hell; and that they should find no quarters but at the cannon’s mouth. The mob at this time was reported to number about four hundred strong. (HC 4:32)

The mob made Amasa M. Lyman and James Dunn ride on the cannon Barrel. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 390)

15 Oct 1838 – Caldwell Militia arrives the 3rd and last time

Monday, 15th. The brethren assembled on the public square and formed a company of about one hundred, who took up a line of march for Adam-ondi-ahman; and here let it be distinctly understood that this company were militia of the county of Caldwell, acting under Lieutenant-Colonel Hinkle, agreeable to the order of General Doniphan, and the brethren were very careful in all their movements to act in strict accordance with the constitutional laws of the land. (HC 3:162)

The first knowledge that the people of Caldwell or Daviess, had of the mob, coming against them, was the arrival of a body of troops under the command of Col. Dun, of Clay County, in Far West.Their commander gave for answer, that “they had been ordered out, by General Doniphan; to repair to Daviess County, to operate against a mob, which was on its march from Corrill County, to Daviess.” This was on the first day of the week. We have not the precise date, but it was in October. The evening following which was Monday, Gen. Doniphan arrived in Far West. In consequence of these hostile movements on the part of the mob, the people of Caldwell had assembled together, to take such measures as the emergency of the case might require. ( /1840RigA.htm)

17 Oct 1838 – Agnes Smith escapes to Lyman’s cabin

Hyrum said: On the evening that General Parks arrived at Diahman, the wife of my brother, the late Don Carlos Smith, came into Colonel Wight’s about 11 o’clock at night, bringing her two children along with her, one about two and a half years old, the other a babe in her arms. She came on foot, a distance of three miles, and waded Grand river. The water was then waist deep, and the snow three inches deep. She stated that a party of the mob—a gang of ruffians—had turned her out of doors and taken her household goods, and had burnt up her house, and she had escaped by the skin of her teeth. Her husband at that time was in Tennessee, [on a mission] and she was living alone. (see the Appendix for more details) (

In 1838, Don Carlos served a mission in Tennessee and Kentucky, although his primary goal was to raise money to buy out the mobbers who were persecuting the Mormons in Daviess County. Unfortunately, before he could return, they had driven his family out of the area. The mobs burnt down the house, leaving the family homeless in the middle of winter. (

During the night, they burnt out seven families, and took all their goods and carried them off. They swore vengeance against the Mormons, as they called them, that they should leave Daviess County or they would sacrifice them all, and that they would make no terms of peace, but at the cannon’s mouth.  ( 1840RigA.htm)

(Note: see appendix for a full account and documentation)

17 Oct 1838 – General Parks arrives to help

Believing forbearance no longer to be a virtue I again sent to the Major General for military aid, who ordered out Brigadier General Parks. Parks came part of the way, but fearing his men would mutiny and join the mob, he came on ahead and conversed with me a considerable time. (HC 3:442)

During this state of affairs General Parks arrived at Daviess County and was at the house of Colonel Lyman Wight on the 18th, when the intelligence was brought that the mob were burning houses; and also when women and children were fleeing for safety, among whom was Agnes M. Smith, wife of my brother, Don Carlos Smith, who was absent on a mission in Tennessee, her house having been plundered and burned by the mob, she having traveled nearly three miles, carrying her two helpless babes, and having had to wade Grand River. (HC 2:210)

Lyman Wight bore testimony that Gen. Hiram G. Parks had seen the ruins of Don Carlos’s cabin on his way to Diahman and “seemed fired with indignation at their [the mob’s] hellish conduct.” parks was at Lyman Wights

Cabin No. 2 when Agnes Smith arrived on the scene, which reinforced his feelings. (Sacred Places vol 4 pg 461)

Colonel Wight, who held a commission in the 59th regiment under his (General Parks’) command, asked what was to be done. He told him that he must immediately call out his men and go and put them down. Accordingly a force were immediately raised for the purpose of quelling the mob, and in a short time were on their march, with a determination to drive the mob or die in the attempt; as they could bear such treatment no longer. (The Journal of Joseph: The Personal History of a Modern Prophet)

Parks also commanded Lyman Wight to “take such course as you may deem best in order to disperse the mob from this county” (HC 3:443)

mob abandons Millport

There the militia heard of a large contingent of Mormons coming from Adam-Ondi-Ahman to intercept them. Fearing a lopsided confrontation and the possible loss of the cannon, the militia took the cannon back toward Chillicothe, but opted to dismantle and bury it along with its ammunition in a campground in the western part of Livingston County until they could be reinforced and retrieve it. (Thumbnail sketch of the Cannon’s path)

The mob, having learned the orders of General Parks, and likewise being aware of the determination of the oppressed, broke up their encampment and fled. The mob seeing that they could not succeed by force now resorted to stratagem; and after removing their property out of their houses, which were nothing but log cabins, they fired them, and then reported to the authorities of the State that the ‘Mormons’ were burning and destroying all before them. . . . (History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints pg 210 – 211)

18 Oct 1838 – Mormon Militia burn Millport and Gallatin

On Oct. 18 the Saints moved against the Missouri mobbers in what Joseph Smith called a “righteous retaliation” (HC 3:229) The Mormons took action against the three small gentile settlements of Millport, Gallatin, and Grindstone. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 363)

  • Seymour Brunson: Grindstone was where Seymour Brunson led Mormon militiamen to burn, plunder, and confiscate a considerable store of firearms, lead and powder. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 363)Benjamin F. Johnson, … had gone to Grindstone with 20 Mormon militiamen under the command of Cornelius P. Lott to capture guns, lead, and powder hidden by Missourians. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 369)
  • David W Patten: On the morning of October 18, 1838, 150 of them came to Gallatin and finding but 17 men in the place they run them out and took possession of the town. They removed the goods out of Stolling’s store house and burned the house. They then took the goods to Diahman. They burned my shop after taking all there was in it, leaving me only the suit of clothes I had on my back. They took me prisoner and after keeping me about two hours they turned me loose and told me to “get.” (Sacred Places: Vol 4 pg 483)
  • Lyman Wight: led Mormon militiamen as they confiscated goods from buildings at Millport that had not been burned down already by Missourians seeking to spark antipathy against the Mormons. The Mormons then burned down the remaining buildings. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 363)

The mobbers had loaded their wagons with their personal property before setting the torch to their own cabins. A total of 12 – 15 buildings were burned during those chaotic October days, and the whole town of Millport was utterly wasted. (Sacred Places: Vol 4 pg 478)

When members of the Mormon militia burned buildings in Millport on Oct. 18, 1838, as part of their offensive-defensive military tactics, they also dismantled and scattered parts of the Peniston Mill. (Sacred Places: Vol 4 pg 471)

  • In addition, Jonathan Dunham led a small company of foot soldiers throughout Daviess county, where they pillaged and searched for food. They also captured prisoners. The plunder that they and others gathered was stored in the bishops storehouse: later some of it was stord at Lyman Wights Cabin No. 2 on Tower Hill in Adam-ondi-Ahman. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 363)

19 Oct 1838 – Mormon Militia take the ‘Old Sow’ cannon

On Oct 18 the Mormon militia took measures to disperse the mob, including burning some log cabins in Millport. The next day David Patten led a detachment in pursuit of the mob and “if possible to take their cannon and drive them off”. As the Mormon militia neared the Methodist campground, the vigilantes fled. Then while the militia was searching for the cannon. A wandering sow exposed it while rooting in the road.

Afterward Nathan Tanner went to a nearby cabin owned by Marcus White, whose wife denied any involvement with hiding the cannon or its accessories. Nathan, however, saw suspicious items as he looked through the cracks in the cabin’s floorboards. When militia members took up the floorboards, they recovered ammunition, powder, cannonballs, and wheels for the cannon. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 391)

The militia also secured a wagon to haul the cannon and its gear back to Diahman, where they arrived during the night of Oct 21. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 391)

It says that (on October 21, 1838)“Ira Glaze, of Carroll (County) was taken prisoner and made to ride the (OLD SOW) cannon to Diamon (AOA)”. A separate account records that on their way to Adam On Diahman with the cannon,“one of the mob (Ira Glaze) came up thinking that he was entering the right crowd but found his mistake after it was too late. (History of Caldwell County, pg 128)

Exactly nine days later this same Ira Glaze was seen in the (fort) blacksmith shop at Haun’s mill, participating in the massacre. There have been several different accounts about who killed 10 year old Sardius Smith, but on Aug. 12, 1854, in the Millenial Star, Joseph Smith Jr. was quoted as saying that Sardius Smith was killed by a Carroll County (hair lipped) man named Glaze…and “boasted of the fiendlike murder”. ( chillicothe-mo/T4HP7Q6VMN03ASTL3/p8)

19 Oct 1838 — Thomas B. Marsh leaves the church

On October 19, 1838, the day after Gallatin was burned, Thomas B. Marsh and fellow apostle Orson Hyde left the association of the Church. Marsh drafted and signed a legal affidavit against Joseph Smith on October 24, 1838, which Hyde also signed. (

21 Oct 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman public square dedicated

While Joseph Smith and the Far West militia were in Adam-ondi-Ahman during October, the Church members assembled to witness the dedication of the public square by Brigham Young. ( Adam-Ondi-Ahman)

On the highest elevation of Spring Hill, 124 feet above Grand River, a temple block was dedicated. No cornerstones were laid or temple constructed,  … Some evidence suggests that a public square—not a temple block—was dedicated in October 1838 at Adam-ondi-Ahman. (

Adam’s Altar: It became well known after Joseph took some of the brethren to the Altar Site immediately after the dedication of the public square on Sunday, Oct 21, 1838. Heber C. Kimball, a member of that group wrote:

  • The Prophet Joseph called upon Brother Brigham, myself and others, saying, “Brethren, come, go along with me, and I will show you something.” He led us a short distance to a place where were the ruins of three altars built of stone, … “there, “ said Joseph, “is the place where Adam offered up sacrifice after he was cast out of the garden.” (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 386)

22 Oct 1838 – Militia returns to Far West

Early the next morning, right after sunup, the Saints gathered on Tower Hill. After the Mormon militia was formed into a square, the cannon was fired three times in triumphal celebration. Duncan wrote, “Every time it was discharged the Saints took off their hats and shouted ‘hosannah to God and the Lamb’ three times”. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 391)

The firing of a cannon on Tower Hill early on Oct. 22, 1838, was a fitting end to the skirmishes between the Mormon militia—as part of its October defensive-offensive movements—and the Missouri mobs (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 390)

On that same day Oct. 22. the mormon militia and the Prophet Joseph Smith left Diahman to return to their homes in Far West, and the third militia expedition from Far West to Daviess County came to and end. The Saints felt that justice had been served and a strong statement had been sent against their antagonists. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 391)

24 Oct 1838 — Bogart kidnaps three Mormons

Bogart and his party began visiting the homes of Latter Day Saints living in Bunkham’s Strip, forcibly disarming them and ordering them to leave Ray County. Bogart then penetrated into Caldwell County and began to similarly harass Mormons there, advising them to remove to Far West, Missouri, the county seat. Returning to Ray County, his men captured three Mormons — Nathan Pinkham, Jr., William Seely, and Addison Green. (

William Seely was captured by Bogart at Pinkham’s house along with Addison Green and Nathan Pinkham, Jr.  Addison Green testified at the November 1838 penitentiary hearing that he was a member of Amasa Lyman’s spy company, sometimes called the Destruction Company, and one might logically conclude that Natham Pinkham was also, since Nathan Pinkham Sr’s seems to have been a regular gathering place for these spies.  Amasa Lyman writes “A company of spies were raised, composed of ten men, and I was appointed to take charge of them. We repaired to Crooked River, and quartered with Brother Pinkham.” ( Amasa Lyman’s History, Latter-day Saints’ Millennial Star 27 (1865): 502-504, 519-21 )

Amasa Lyman was a leader of a spy company that reconnoitered throughout southern Caldwell and northern Ray counties during the days just preceding the surrender. ( joseph-smith-northern-missouri-1838)

25 Oct 1838 – Battle of Crooked River

One of the militia officers was Captain Samuel W. Bogart, who led 75 men, and was closely associated with the mob. He had been forcibly disarming Latter-day Saints and ordering them to leave their homes. He decided to promote conflict by kidnapping three Latter-day Saints, Nathan Pinkham, Jr., William Seely, and Addison Green. He held them hostage in his camp near Crooked River in Ray County, Missouri. By the time the Latter-day Saints learned of their kidnapping, the story had been exaggerated, and they were told that the mob intended to execute the three men. A group of about 75 Latter-day Saint militiamen led by Apostle David W. Patten, were armed and sent to rescue them. (

They arrived at the Crooked River camp on 25 October 1838 during the night. As they approached the camp a voice yelled out “who goes there?” This was immediately followed by gunshots, and one of the younger men of the Latter-day Saint militia, Pat O’Banion, fell with mortal wounds. David W. Patten ordered the LDS militia to charge and fire a round. With this attack the state militia began to run. They left all of their animals and equipment behind and ran in so many directions that many of them falsely reported that the LDS militia had killed all of the men and that the person giving the report was the sole survivor. The LDS militiamen were able to free the three kidnapped men, but numerous LDS militiamen were wounded, and three died from the wounds received at the Battle of Crooked River, including David W. Patten. (

The highest ranking Mormon charged with murder for obeying this order was Apostle Parley P. Pratt who allegedly took the careful aim of a sniper in killing one Missourian and then severely wounding militiaman Samuel Tarwater. This was after Apostle Patten received a fatal stomach wound. In their fury at the sight of their fallen leader, some of the Danites mutilated the unconscious Tarwater “with their swords, striking him lengthwise in the mouth, cutting off his under teeth, and breaking his lower jaw; cutting off his cheeks…and leaving him [for] dead.” He survived to press charges against Pratt for attempted murder. (Dr. D. Michael Quinn ‘The Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power, pp 99-100)

The fight was hand to hand. The Mormons used corn knives for swords. In the confusion and darkness two of the Danites fought with each other and were badly cut. One of Bogart’s company was killed and six were wounded. Samuel Tarwater was horribly hacked with corn knives. His head was cut so that the brain was exposed. A slash across the face severed the jaw bone and struck out the upper teeth. Tarwater also received a severe gash in the neck but after six months he partially recovered and lived many years. He received the only Mormon War pension voted by the legislature. The monthly stipend was $8.50. (Since 1840 he has drawn a pension from the State of Missouri of $100 per year, for the wounds and disability he received in the Crooked river fight. (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 557)

Wyatt Craven lives near Crab Orchard, Ray county. He was taken prisoner early in the fight, and the Mormons started with him to Far West, but after traveling some distance they released him and told him to go home. He started off and was walking away pretty briskly, when Parley P. Pratt, a very prominent and noted Mormon and one of the ” Twelve Apostles,” laid his gun against a tree, took deliberate aim, fired and shot him down. Then, believing he was dead, the Mormons went off and left him. (History of Caldwell County, pg 131)

Chapter 3
Mormons are forced from their homes, again

26 Oct 1838 — Governor begins the deployment of the State Militia

Events occurred quickly after the Battle of Crooked River on October 25, 1838. The next day Governor Lilburn Boggs ordered out ten thousand men of the state militia—six thousand of whom saw action at Far West; and on October 27 he issued his infamous “extermination order,” which declared that all Latter Day Saints must leave Missouri or die. The governor placed Brigadier General John B. Clark in charge of the war, but General Clark was at Chariton, and it took him four days to move his fifteen hundred troops to Far West. (restorationbook

26 Oct 1838: B.M. Lisle, Adjutant General, Jefferson City, Mo. To Gen. John B. Clark, 1st Div. Mo. Mi. Governor orders 1st, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 12th Divisions of militia called up to put down the Mormons.( gov/CMSImages/Archives/rg005-01.pdf)

27 Oct 1838 – ‘Extermination Order’

Missouri Executive Order Number 44, read as follows:

Headquarters of the Militia, City of Jefferson, Oct. 27, 1838.

Gen. John B. Clark:

Sir: Since the order of this morning to you, directing you to cause four hundred mounted men to be raised within your division, … Your orders are, therefore, to hasten your operation with all possible speed. The Mormons must be treated as enemies, and must be exterminated or driven from the state if necessary for the public peace–their outrages are beyond all description. If you can increase your force, you are authorized to do so to any extent you may consider necessary. I have just issued orders to Maj. Gen. Willock, of Marion county, to raise five hundred men, and to march them to the northern part of Daviess, and there unite with Gen. Doniphan, of Clay, who has been ordered with five hundred men to proceed to the same point for the purpose of intercepting the retreat of the Mormons to the north. … Brig. Gen. Parks of Ray, has been ordered to have four hundred of his brigade in readiness to join you at Richmond. The whole force will be placed under your command.

The Battle of Crooked River opened the Mormon War. Governor Bogg’s ordered out the third and fourth divisions of militia which were commanded by Major-General David R. Atchison and Major-General Samuel D. Lucas. He put General John B. Clark in command. Doniphans Brigade composed of Clay, Clinton and Platte purchase militia was ordered out by Atchison and started for Far West. Lucas, whose division was south of the Missouri River, called out Graham’s brigade in Lafayette and Jackson counties. The two bodies of troops met at the Log Creek crossing between Richmond and Far West. They numbered 1,800 men. Atchison left the army and went home. One report was that he refused to be a party to the governor’s policy because he considered it inhumane. Lucas took command. (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 558)

Major General Samuel Lucas of Jackson County was at Richmond in Ray County when the Governor’s decision became known. He had 2,500 troops with him, armed with state-supplied rifles and cannons. Not waiting for General Clark to arrive, nor for any further orders, General Lucas rushed his troops to Far West. He arrived the evening of October 30 (the day of the massacre at Haun’s Mill) and camped south of town. (restorationbook

28 Oct 1838 – Hauns Mill treaty of peace

On October 28, 1838, one of the militia leaders, Colonel William O. Jennings of Livingston County, sent one of his men to the little settlement to negotiate peace. The Saints readily accepted this idea, and both sides decided to control themselves and prevent any further hostilities. However, other groups of militia in this area, such as those commanded by Captain Nehemiah Comstock, Thomas R. Bryan, and William Mann, were not affected by this agreement, and so the Saints remained under arms. (

29 Oct 1838 – ‘Extermination Order’ arrives

Jonathan J. Dryden, of Chillicothe was also taken prisoner by the Mormons the day the cannon was stolen and was the runner for Governor Lilburn Boggs in supposedly delivering the infamous extermination order on October 29 to William O. Jennings at lieutenant Zephaniah Woolsey Farm which is on the NE corner of Hwy 36 and where the Livingston & Caldwell county line meet. Woolsey’s Farm was northwest of Mooresville. T57N, R25W, S7/18. (Jeff Foli Researcher and former Mayor of Chillicothe Missouri)

A newly discovered Doughty family “military accommodation” refutes the long standing claim that it was just a rouge renegade “MOB” with no authority. Because of the rage, fear and confusion a militia was immediately commissioned by local Chillicothe authorities, and served for 19 days. On the other hand Governor Boggs legally had no authority to order the extermination, but he was never held accountable by the Legislature or the President of the United States who was petitioned to do so. On Christmas Eve of that same year, Daniel Ashby, Livingston County Legislator, justified this horrendous act by saying they had the authority to attack Hauns Mill.(Jeff Foli Researcher and former Mayor of Chillicothe Missouri)

30 Oct 1838 — Haun’s Mills attacked

After the battle [of Crooked River], rumors spread like wildfire, claiming that Mormons had slaughtered many people and that the attack was unprovoked. Hysteric reports would soon reach and outrage Governor Boggs and would further inflame mobsters, including those who launched a truly unprovoked attack at Haun’s Mill that included the deliberate and cold-blooded murder of children. The murders at Haun’s Mill were clearly spurred by the Extermination Order (Hill. p. 235). (

The Haun’s Mill Massacre occurred Oct. 30, 1838, after 30 of the 60 – 70 Mormon families in the area along Shoal Creek in Fairview Township gathered to Haun’s Mill Settlement to defend themselves against angry Missourians. Joining the Haun’s Mill residents were residents of Myers and Panther Creek Settlements …. At least 11 covered wagons with Mormon immigrants from the Kirtland Camp and under the leadership of Joseph Young arrived at Haun’s Mill two days before the massacre. Staying there temporarily before heading to Far West, they became victims of the attack on the settlement. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg348)

Three of the adult men and two boys belonged to the Kirtland Camp who died at Haun’s Mill. They bought corn and were waiting their turn to make meal out of it when the attack came. Simeon Cox, Alexander Campbell, then two father / son pairs, Levi Merrick and his son Charles Merrick; Warren Smith, his son Sardius Smith. (information received 11/1/2016 during an interviw from the personal research of local historian David McEwen, living in Kidder Missouri)

During the Haun’s Mill Massacre, 17 people (14 men and three young boys) were killed … The bodies of 14 of those killed were buried in an uncompleted dry well the day after the massacre. … The uncompleted dry well, 15 – 18 feet deep, was never walled up. A lack of manpower and a fear of returning mobs made it impractical to dig individual graves, so survivors of the massacre decided the well would make a suitable grave under the circumstances, and they hurriedly placed 14 bodies one at a time on a plank and slid them into the community grave, which filled it to within three feet of the top. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 354)

The firsthand account explains soldiers stated the governor had ordered their expulsion or extermination if they did not leave at once. … “It is the order of the Governor that you should all be exterminated; and by G_d you will be.” (

Col. Thomas Jennings was in charge of the Missouri mob-militia, which was mostly from Livingston county. William Jennings (Thomas’s son), Nehemiah Comstock, and William Gee were captains of three companies that made the attack. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg349)

30 Oct 1838 — State Militia camps at Goose Creek

On the 30th of October the army moved on to Goose Creek, a mile south of Far West and found the Mormons well protected by breast works. The sun was about an hour high. Park’s and Wilson’s brigades had joined the armies en route. Other attachments were arriving. It was decided to postpone the fighting until morning. Among the troops were Gilliam’s company from the Platte Purchase, painted and dressed as Indians. They called themselves “the Delaware Amarujans”; they whooped and danced and acted the part. Gilliam was dressed as an Indian Chief. Among other commands were Odell’s Tigers and the Jackson County Rangers. (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 558)

Oct. 30 General Lucas and his approximately 3,500 mob militiamen moved into the area of Far West near sundown, traveling on the old Far West Road, which ran a mile or more east of Present County road D. Apparently it was too late in the evening to fight, so the troops pitched their tents on the north side of Goose Creek, which became the Lucas’s headquarters. (Sacred Places pg 301, 364)

This, I think, was on the thirtieth day of October ’38. Hostilities were not to commence till the next morning, and it was during the next day that we learned that this army was sent out by order of Governor Lilburn W. Boggs. When we learned this fact we surrendered, … The Governors orders were to drive out or exterminate us. (Bigler’s Chronicle of the West pg 12)

A copy of the order reached General Samuel D. Lucas of the state militia by the time he encamped outside the LDS town of Far West, in Caldwell County, on October 31. Lucas gave a copy to the LDS Colonel George M. Hinkle and other Church representatives, to whom he dictated terms of surrender, and they showed it to Joseph Smith. It was probably a significant factor in the Prophet’s decision to surrender to Lucas. ( php/Extermination_Order)

31 Oct 1838 – Far West surrenders

On the morning of the 31st, General Lucas had a force of 2,500 or 3,000 militia. Colonel Hinkle, the Mormon Commander, a Kentuckian and a man of acknowledged bravery, worthy of his title “The Thunderbolt,” sent a message asking for a conference. Lucas agreed and at 2 o’clock in the afternoon, accompanied by Generals Doniphan, Wilson and Graham, went to a hill where Hinkle has raised a white flag. (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 558)

Oct. 31. At about 8 A.M. a flag of truce was sent from Lucas’s headquarters. Sarah Rich watched her husband, Charles C. Rich carry a white truce flag to the Eminence, a hill .75 miles south of the Far West Temple site, on behalf of the Mormon militia. Col. George M. Hinkle, the highest Mormon militia officer in Caldwell County, along with others, accompanied Charles to the Emminence, where Lucas spelled out terms of peace. (Sacred Places pg 301, 304)

The Mormon leader asked if a compromise was possible. He was outnumbered five to one. A battle would mean wholesale slaughter of his men. Lucas read the governor’s orders. Hinkle accepted the terms but asked time until morning to make the formal answer. Lucas agreed to this but demanded that Joseph Smith and other leaders should be surrendered as hostages. Hinkle went back to Far West and induced Smith and the leaders to go to the Gentile camp, telling them that General Lucas wanted to confer with them. Lucas disposed his troops and was ready to attack when the Mormon leaders carrying a white flag came out to meet him. He made them prisoners and marched his troops back to camp at Goose Creek. (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 558)

1 Nov 1838 – General Lucas holds an illegal court

On the evening of November 1, Lucas made a rash and hasty decision to hold a military court at his encampment for the seven prisoners. He believed he had to act quickly—before Clark arrived and while he still had command of the operation, since the Howard County general, who was less familiar with the Mormon problem, might be disposed to render more lenient justice in behalf of the Church’s leaders. With these considerations in mind, the Jackson County general decided to move ahead immediately with the court-martial. Details concerning the hearing are sketchy, but the evidence is clear that at the time of the hearing, Joseph Smith and his cohorts were in custody at Alexander W. Doniphan’s camp and were not even allowed to be present to defend themselves.

The deliberation did not last long. Upon hearing the evidence, Lucas called for a vote from officers of the court, who voted three to one in favor of conviction on the charge of treason—a capital offense. Alexander W. Doniphan vehemently opposed the decision, telling his fellow officers that not one of them was familiar with military law; he then left the hearing in protest. Nonetheless, with the verdict rendered, Lucas drafted the execution order and dispatched it to Doniphan, expecting his compliance. The order read: “Brigadier-General Doniphan.–Sir: You will take Joseph Smith and the other prisoners into the public square of Far West, and shoot them at 9 o’clock to-morrow morning. [Signed] Samuel D. Lucas Major-General Commanding.” However, Doniphan, not about to be an accessory to such an order, issued a brusque response. Not only did he inform Lucas that he considered the order illegal and that he would not obey it, but he threatened legal action if the execution was carried out. (

2 Nov 1838 – Joseph says goodbye to his family

Thinking they might yet be executed, Joseph Smith and his fellow prisoners begged to see their families one last time, and they returned to Far West on 2 November. Joseph found his wife and children in tears because they thought he had been shot. “When I entered my house, they clung to my garments, their eyes streaming with tears, while mingled emotions of joy and sorrow were manifested in their countenances,” he wrote.  ( /manual/church-history-in-the-fulness-of-times-student-manual/)

2 Nov – 4 Nov 1838 – Joseph transported to Independence

During the forenoon of November 2, a heavily guarded wagon containing the seven Mormon prisoners pulled into Far West. Lucas put Brigadier General Moses Wilson in charge of three hundred men and assigned him to take the Mormon leaders to Independence while he finalized the surrender. Lucas remained overnight, leaving Far West the next day in order to catch up with Wilson. Around three p.m. on Sunday, November 4, Lucas and Wilson arrived in Independence with the Mormon prisoners, who were immediately incarcerated in a vacant log house immediately north and across the street from Independence’s public square. (

5 Nov 1838 – forty-six Mormons arrested

The following day, November 5, Clark interrogated George M. Hinkle, the Mormon colonel, and a number of other Church leaders who supplied him with information regarding which Mormons had played the most active role in the conflict. Later that afternoon, the general’s investigation was complete enough for him to issue his own arrests. The beating of a drum summoned all of the men in Far West to the public square, where they assembled in military order. Once assembled, Clark and his officers called out the names of forty-six men who were placed under arrest. Those arrested were taken to a local tavern owned by John Burk, where Clark officially charged them with treason, murder, burglary, arson, robbery, and larceny. He informed them further that they would be confined that evening in the church’s empty storehouse before being transported to Richmond the next morning, where they would stand trial. Each man was then dismissed and placed under guard and permitted to return to his home to bid farewell to his family, and to procure blankets, bedding, and clothing. (mormon

6 Nov 1838 — General Clark speaks to the Mormons

On 6 November he addressed the suffering citizens and indicated that he would not force them out of the state in the depths of winter. He said, “for this lenity you are indebted to my clemency. I do not say that you shall go now, but you must not think of staying here another season, or of putting in crops. … As for your leaders, do not once think—do not imagine for a moment—do not let it enter your mind that they will be delivered, or that you will see their faces again, for their fate is fixed—their die is cast—their doom is sealed. (

6 Nov – 9 Nov 1838 – the forty-six taken to Richmond

On the afternoon of Tuesday, November 6, General Clark left Far West and marched to Richmond with the forty-six Mormon men he had taken prisoner. (mormonhistoric

7 Nov 1838 – General Wilson sent to disarm Adam-ondi-Ahman

On November 7, General Clark sent General Wilson with militia forces to Adam-ondi-Ahman to “disarm the Mormon forces there”. (Far West Missouri: It Shall Be Called Most Holy pg 144)

8 Nov 1838 — General Wilson surrounds Adam-ondi-Ahman

General Wilson arrived at Adam-ondi-Ahman November 8, 1838, and immediately put a guard around the town, with instructions to allow no person to pass in or out, without permission. He then put every man in town under guard and instituted a court of inquiry with Adam Black, before mentioned, on the bench, and a soldier of General Clark’s command acting as Prosecuting Attorney. After three days investigation every man was by this court “honorably acquitted”. (Missouri Historical Review; Early days on Grand River and Mormon War pg389)

9 Nov 1838 – Joseph taken to Richmond for trial

The arrival of both groups of Mormon prisoners at Richmond on November 9 (Joseph Smith’s party consisting of seven men, and the forty-six Mormon men arrested by Clark), brought the number of Mormon prisoners to fifty-three. (

He and his company arrived at the Ray County seat on November 9, where he discharged the remainder of his division, with the exception of a small force that he retained to guard the Latter-day Saint prisoners who had been brought to Richmond for the court examination. (mormonhistoric

Nov 1838 – Bogart arrests eleven more Mormons

However, while the Richmond hearing was in progress, Captain Samuel Bogart of the Ray County militia “continued to scour the country with a posse of men in search of arms, and certain men whom they wanted to imprison,” wrote Warren Foote. Ultimately, Bogart rounded up an additional eleven Mormon prisoners, bringing the total number of Mormon defendants to sixty-four, although a number of them were released during the course of the hearing due to insufficient evidence. (

10 Nov 1838 – Adam-ondi-Ahman surrenders

The surrender of the Mormon militia to Brig. Gens. H. G. Parks and Robert Wilson took place Nov. 10 in the valley of Adam-ondi-ahman on the edge of a prairie about .5 mile from the William Huntington cabin, in full view of the ground where Adam’s altar was located but away from the hill. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 398)

On Nov. 10, 1838, Gen. Wilson issued an ultimatum to the Saints requiring them to leave Diahman and Daviess county within 10 days. Wilson said he would no longer defend the Mormons against the mob. (HC 3:207)

12 Nov – 29 Nov 1838 – preliminary hearings

The Richmond preliminary hearing began on November 12, 1838, and continued through November 29. Fifth Circuit Court Judge Austin A. King presided. It is important to understand that the Richmond Court of Inquiry was not a trial per se, but only an investigation or preliminary hearing to determine if there was sufficient evidence or probable cause against the Mormon defendants to bind them over for trial. Thomas Burch and William Wood prosecuted in behalf of the state. The prisoners were represented by Alexander W. Doniphan and Amos Rees. (

13 Nov 1838 – Hyrum and Mary have a baby boy

November 13. President Joseph F. Smith born to Hyrum and Mary Fielding Smith. ( history_farwest_outline.html)

Smith was born in Far West, Missouri, on November 13, 1838. Just a few days before he was born, his father had been taken prisoner under the auspices of the Missouri Executive Order 44 (infamously called the “extermination order”). At point of bayonet, Hyrum was marched to his home in Far West and ordered to say farewell to his wife.  (

29 Nov 1838 – rulings handed down

On November 29, 1838, following nearly three weeks of preliminary testimony, Circuit Court Judge Austin A. King issued his ruling in the case. Twenty-nine of the sixty-four Mormon defendants were released on lack of sufficient evidence (some had been released even before the conclusion of the hearing). King did determine that sufficient evidence existed to bind thirty-five over for trial. Of these, twenty-four men were charged for crimes committed in Daviess County, which included arson, burglary, larceny, and robbery, and were ordered to appear at the circuit court in Daviess County on March 28. Yet within a short time, these men posted bail and were released, leaving only eleven Mormon prisoners to answer to additional charges. Of the eleven, Judge King ruled that there was sufficient evidence to charge five of the defendants—Parley P. Pratt, Norman Shearer, Darwin Chase, Luman Gibbs, and Morris Phelps—in the death of Moses Rowland, which had occurred during the attack at Crooked River. Since the charge of murder was nonbailable, these five men were ordered to be confined in the Richmond Jail (which was under construction) until March 11, 1839, when the circuit trial would convene in Richmond. Finally, probable cause was also found against the remaining six defendants, five of whom—Joseph and Hyrum Smith, Lyman Wight, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin—were charged with acts of treason (a nonbailable offense) committed in Daviess County, while Sidney Rigdon was charged with treason in Caldwell County. Their trial was set to begin on March 7, 1839, in Daviess County. But because there was no jail in Daviess, King ordered that the six men be taken immediately to Liberty Jail in Clay County to await their court appearance. Within a day or two following the conclusion of the hearing, Joseph Smith and the five other men ordered to be incarcerated with him in Liberty left Richmond, marking an end of their Ray County incarceration. (

Missouri blamed the Mormons for the conflict and forced the Latter-day Saints to sign over all their lands in order to pay for the state militia muster. … Mormon leaders appealed to the state legislature to overturn the requirement that they leave the state, but the legislature tabled the issue until a date well after that when the Mormons would have left the state.(

Nov 1838 – David W Patten appears to Thomas B. Marsh

November. David W. Patten appears to Thomas B. Marsh and rebukes him. Background: The day after Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Hyde signed an affidavit denouncing Joseph Smith to the Missouri government (25 October 1838), David W. Patten, senior member of the Twelve, was killed at the battle of Crooked River. A few years later, after Orson Hyde had made ammends with the prophet and was accepted back into full fellowship, Orson wrote a letter to Robert Pierce in Philadelphia dated 30 May 1844. In his letter encouraging Pierce to support the Prophet Joseph Smith, Elder Hyde recounted the following interesting story which occurred shortly after David Patten’s death back in 1838. (

Orson Hyde (Quorum of the Twelve) During our temptation, David W. Patten, was shot by the enemy, and several days afterwards, while Thos. B. and myself were sitting in a log cabin together in silent meditation, some being smote him on the shoulder, and said, with a countenance full of the deepest anxiety and solicitude, “Thomas! Thomas! why have you so soon forgotten?” Thomas told me it was David W. Patten, with whom, he not long before, had made a covenant to remain true and faithful until the end.( history_farwest_outline.html)

24 Nov 1838 – Missourians buy up Adam-ondi-Ahman

On Nov. 24, 1838, just four days after the deadline for the Mormons to leave Daviess County, five Missourians were at the government land office purchasing Mormon-improved land. A total of 290 acres in six parcels sold on that day. The five buyers were rabid Mormon-haters: Rev. Sashel Woods and Sheriff Adam Black, along with Thomas Callaway, George Houx, and physician John Cravens. By the time they had finished purchasing land in Diaman in 1840, they owned 991 acres. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 365 – 366)

Sashiel Woods, a local preacher from Carroll County, … In November and December, he and his sons-in-law, John Craven and Thomas Calloway, purchased the preemption rights that Joseph, Sidney, and the others were planning to buy in their own names. John Craven deeded Lyman Wight’s home to his daughter, Sarah A. McDonald and her children. But it was Dr. John Craven, a son of John Craven, who began selling properties and renting existing Mormon homes. With this enterprise, he renamed most of the central area of Adam-ondi-Ahman, Cravensville. The town existed for 32 years and had enough residences to vie with Gallatin for the County seat of Daviess County, but, after 1871, the land was returned to a landscape of farming and grazing. (Adam-ondi-Ahman A Legacy of Adam and Eve pg 111)

Map showing Township 58 North Range 27 West and a close-up on Section 18, where Jabis Durfee’s property had been. Reverend Sashel Woods and his son-inlaw John Cravens purchased Durfee’s property on November 23, 1838—the day after the preemption rights lapsed. Courtesy Church History Library (ojs.lib.byu. edu/spc/ index.php/BYUStudies/article/viewFile/7307/6956)

In 1888 the Wight Cabin No. 2 was the only building standing in Diahman. By 1908 one lived in the house, and by the 1930s a Mr. McBridewell used the old house as a barn while living in the house northeast of the cabin. In 1932 a storm blew the top off the log cabin, and by 1947 most of its walls were gone, Only a few original logs remained in 1965, and by 1970 everything was gone except for the cabin’s foundation stones, which were still in place and easily identifiable in 1996. (

Nov 1838 – political cover-up

There was so much criticism in the public press of the action of the Missouri authorities in expelling in so arbitrary a manner several thousand of the State’s citizens that the legislature which met in November, 1838, appointed a joint committee to investigate the Governor’s conduct of the “War.” Governor Boggs, in a communication transmitting papers and information, defended his course. After some wrangling, the legislature passed a resolution forbidding the publication of any documents, orders, or correspondence, either printed or copied, in relation to the affair. This restriction was in force for two years. The legislature then proceeded to pass an appropriation of two thousand dollars to alleviate suffering in Daviess and Caldwell Counties, but Latter Day Saints had little benefit therefrom. (

1 Dec 1838 – Liberty Jail

The Prophet Joseph Smith languished within its four-foot-thick walls from December 1, 1838 until April 6, 1839. Sharing this incarceration were his brother Hyrum, who served as his second counselor in the presidency of the Church; Sidney Rigdon, his first counselor; and three other brethren-Lyman Wight, Alexander McRae, and Caleb Baldwin. (

Joseph rebukes the guards

On a sudden he arose to his feet, and spoke in a voice of thunder, or as the roaring lion, uttering, as near as I can recollect, the following words:“‘SILENCE. … In the name of Jesus Christ I rebuke you, and command you to be still; I will not live another minute and hear such language. Cease such talk, or you or I die THIS INSTANT!’ “He ceased to speak. He stood erect in terrible majesty. Chained, and without a weapon; calm, unruffled and dignified as an angel, he looked upon the quailing guards, whose weapons were lowered or dropped to the ground; whose knees smote together, and who, shrinking into a corner, or crouching at his feet, begged his pardon, and remained quiet till a change of guards.” I have seen the ministers of justice, clothed in magisterial robes, and criminals arraigned before them, while life was suspended on a breath, in the Courts of England; … I have tried to conceive of kings, of royal courts, of thrones and crowns; and of emperors assembled to decide the fate of kingdoms; but dignity and majesty have I seen but once, as it stood in chains, at midnight, in a dungeon in an obscure village of Missouri. (

11 Dec 1838 — Missouri Legislature approves reparations

By an act of the Legislature approved December 11, 1838, the sum of $2,000.00 was appropriated for the purpose of relieving the indigent and suffering families in Caldwell and Daviess counties, and the following commissioners were appointed to expend the sum, and distribute food, raiment and other necessaries among the deserving. (Missouri Historical Review, Early days on Grand River and Mormon War pg. 397)

26 Jan 1839 – ‘Committee on Removal’

On 26 January, Brigham Young had created the Committee on Removal to facilitate the exodus. Throughout the winter and spring this committee arranged to feed, clothe, and transport the poor. Even Joseph Smith somehow sent one hundred dollars from Liberty Jail to assist the effort. By mid-February conditions were such that a large scale migration of the Saints began. Wagons and teams, although not of the best quality, had been acquired; food reserves were in place along the migration route; and there was a temporary break in the weather. ( manual/church-history-in-the-fulness-of-times-student-manual/chapter-seventeen-refuge-in-illinois?lang=eng)

Until mid-spring 1839 Church leaders who were not in jail had no definite plan for where the Saints should settle. Word reached the leaders that the citizens of Illinois were sympathetic to their plight and would welcome the Saints. Benevolent residents in Quincy, a community of twelve hundred, were generous and sympathetic to the plight of the exiles. Many of them opened their homes and provided jobs. They collected money, food, clothing, and other necessities on more than one occasion. (

5 Feb 1839 – Sidney Rigdon released from jail

Sidney Rigdon left the jail 2 1/2 months earlier than the others. In the middle of his imprisonment, he was granted audience with a Clay County judge. His eloquence so touched the crowd that they were in tears. Alexander Doniphan remarked: “Such a burst of eloquence it was never my fortune to listen to, at its close there was not a dry eye in the room, all were moved to tears.”The judge then released Sidney. He was given a horse, a pistol, and a guide who knew the country and he returned to his family. The other five remained in the jail. (

Mar 1839 – Joseph writes an epistle to the church

March 20-25. Joseph writes an epistle to the Church from which D&C 121, 122, and 123 are taken. (scott

(D&C 121:1 – 2) 1 O GOD, where art thou? And where is the pavilion that covereth thy hiding place? 2 How long shall thy hand be stayed, and thine eye, yea thy pure eye, behold from the eternal heavens the wrongs of thy people and of thy servants, and thine ear be penetrated with their cries?

(D&C 121:7 – 8) 7 My son, peace be unto thy soul; thine adversity and thine afflictions shall be but a small moment; 8 And then, if thou endure it well, God shall exalt thee on high; thou shalt triumph over all thy foes.

(D&C 121:16 – 18) 16 Cursed are all those that shall lift up the heel against mine anointed, saith the Lord, and cry they have sinned when they have not sinned before me, saith the Lord, but have done that which was meet in mine eyes, and which I commanded them. 17 But those who cry transgression do it because they are the servants of sin, and are the children of disobedience themselves. 18 And those who swear falsely against my servants, that they might bring them into bondage and death—

(D&C 121:22 – 25) 22 It had been better for them that a millstone had been hanged about their necks, and they drowned in the depth of the sea. 23 Wo unto all those that discomfort my people, and drive, and murder, and testify against them, saith the Lord of Hosts; a generation of vipers shall not escape the damnation of hell. 24 Behold, mine eyes see and know all their works, and I have in reserve a swift judgment in the season thereof, for them all; 25 For there is a time appointed for every man, according as his works shall be.

22 Mar 1839 – church begins negotiations to buy Commerce Illinois

Soon after the fall of Far West a group of veterans from the Battle of Crooked River became lost as they were escaping from their oppressors and ended up at the Des Moines River just north of where it joined the Mississippi. There they met Isaac Galland, one of the largest land speculators in the area. After hearing the plight of the Saints, Galland offered to sell the Church large parcels of land in Iowa and Illinois. In February the men took this information to the Church leaders in Quincy who were meeting to decide what to do next.Uncertain how to act, the brethren wrote to the Prophet asking his advice. On 22 March the Prophet advised the brethren to buy the property [at Commerce] and not to scatter. (

6 Apr 1838 — prisoners transported to Gallatin

Saturday, April 6.—Judge King evidently fearing a change of venue, or some movement on our part to escape his unhallowed persecution (and most probably expecting that we would be murdered hurried myself and fellow prisoners off to Daviess county, under a guard of about ten men, commanded by Samuel Tillery, deputy jailer of Clay county. We were promised that we should go through Far West, which was directly on our route, which our friends at that place knew, and expected us; but instead of fulfilling their promise, they took us around the city, and out of the direct course some eighteen miles; far from habitations, where every opportunity presented for a general massacre. (

8 Apr 1839 – Joseph arrives at Creekmore house for trial

The following day, Monday, 8 April, when the company was about a mile from Gallatin, they were met by William Morgan, the Daviess County sheriff, who took custody of the prisoners, allowing the Clay County guard to return. The prisoners, accompanied by their new guard, arrived at Gallatin around noon. Hyrum Smith recorded that they were met by a large number of local town folk, “gazing & gaping [and] straining their eyes to see us.”Following a midday meal, they were escorted about a mile south of town to the home of Elisha B. Creekmore, the county treasurer, where the trial was scheduled to be held. Here, they were met by a more hostile gathering of men, who rushed upon them cursing, swearing, and threatening to kill them. Unruffled, Joseph Smith was permitted to speak and quieted the crowd. “We are in your hands,” he said; “if we are guilty, we refuse not to be punished by the law.” Hearing this, William Peniston and William McKinney, bitter enemies of the Mormons, spoke to the people. “Yes, gentlemen, these men are in our hands; let us not use violence, but let the law have its course; the law will condemn them, and they will be punished by it; we do not want the disgrace of taking the law into our own hands.”Joseph Smith’s assurance that he would submit to the rule of the courts, along with Peniston and McKinney’s belief that justice would prevail, had a conciliating effect upon the Daviess ruffians, and order was restored. The Prophet and his prison companions spent the rest of the day in counsel with their attorneys, Burnett and Rees. ( pdf)

Joseph wrestles John Brassfield

Knowing Joseph Smith’s love of a good man-to-man wrestling match, someone suggested letting the Mormon Prophet grapple with John Brassfield, a member of the guard who had the distinction of being the strongest man in the county. He consented; they selected the best wrestler among them [John Brassfield], and Smith threw him several times in succession, to the great amusement of the spectators. Burnett was further intrigued at how the Mormon Prophet was able to almost completely disarm his antagonists. He wrote, “He [Joseph Smith] had great influence over others. . . . [At the end of the hearing,] just before I left to return to Liberty, I saw him out among the crowd, conversing freely with everyone, and seeming to be perfectly at ease. In the short space of [four] days he had managed so to mollify his enemies that he could go unprotected among them without the slightest danger.” (

9 Apr – 14 Apr 1839 – Gallatin trial

On Tuesday, 9 April, the day after the prisoners arrived in Gallatin, the hearing convened before Judge Thomas C. Burch and a grand jury. Burch, a district attorney, had been the chief prosecuting attorney against the Mormons during the Richmond Court of Inquiry in November and had been appointed by Circuit Court Judge Austin A. King to adjudicate the case. Having prosecuted the earlier hearing, Burch was well aware of the charges being brought against the Mormon leaders. The Mormon defendants were particularly pleased when Josiah Morin arrived to witness the proceedings. Morin, who had previously served as a Daviess County judge, had befriended Joseph Smith and was sympathetic to the Mormon cause. He likely assisted and advised the defendant’s attorneys, Burnett and Rees, in the case. ( /2013 /

Tuesday, April 9.Our trial commenced before a drunken grand jury, Austin A. King, presiding judge, as drunk as the jury; for they were all drunk together. Elder Stephen Markham had been dispatched by the committee to visit us, and bring a hundred dollars that was sent by Elder Kimball, as we were destitute of means at that time. He left Far West this morning, and swimming several streams he arrived among us in the afternoon, and spent the evening in our company. Brother Markham brought us a written copy of a statute which had passed the legislature, giving us the privilege of a change of venue on our own affidavit. ( /volume-3-chapter-21)

11 Apr 1839 — Joseph has a vision

(Thursday, April 11) During this night the visions of the future were opened to my understanding; when I saw the ways and means and near approach of my escape from imprisonment, and the danger that my beloved Brother Markham was in. I awoke Brother Markham, and told him if he would rise very early and not wait for the judge and lawyers, as he had contemplated doing, but rise briskly, he would get safe home, almost before he was aware of it; and if he did not the mob would shoot him on the way; and I told him to tell the brethren to be of good cheer, but lose no time in removing from the country. (

change of venue

Thus, the plan went as follows. Governor Boggs instructed Judge King to make things such that the Mormon prisoners would be released after the Mormon populace had complied with the extermination order and left the state. To ensure this, during the Richmond hearing, King charged the Mormon defendants with treason and ordered them to Liberty Jail. In the spring of 1839, King ordered the prisoners’ grand jury trial be held in Gallatin and appointed Thomas Burch, the state’s prosecuting attorney in the Richmond hearing (which King himself conducted), to preside at the Gallatin court. King also instructed Burch to “fix the papers” so the prisoners could be conveniently let go. This Burch did by granting a change of venue to Columbia so the prisoners could be released once en route to Boone County. Finally, as has been demonstrated, before leaving Gallatin for Columbia, the Daviess guards were instructed by Burch at some convenient location to let the prisoners go. (

12 Apr 1839 – Joseph visits Adam-ondi-Ahman for last time

Around 2 p.m. on the afternoon of Wednesday, 12 April, the party left Gallatin. The Daviess guards were on horses, and the five prisoners rode in a two-horse wagon. The company did not immediately begin the hundred-mile journey to Boone County but instead traveled five miles north to Adam-ondi-Ahman where they spent the night at William Bowman’s residence. Significantly, Bowman’s cabin had previously belonged to Lyman Wight. Both Bowman and Morgan were early settlers in Grand River Township and were close neighbors to the Saints at Diahman. Following the Mormon surrender, it appears Bowman laid claim to some of Wight’s property. The purpose of the layover was probably so Morgan and Bowman could procure some belongings and get outfitted before starting on the journey. The officers probably intended to leave Diahman the next morning (13 April), but rain caused them to delay their departure until the following day. ( /uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

14 Apr 1839 — Joseph stayed overnight with Judge Josiah Morin

On Sunday, 14 April, the company set out, traveling only as far as Millport, approximately seven miles, where they stayed at the home of Josiah Morin, the ex-Daviess judge who had befriended Joseph Smith. On this date, Hyrum Smith noted in his journal that “things tend to be favorable to us[,] the gard [sic] very lenient and kind the weather fair & pleasant.” ( /uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1 Baugh.pdf)

15 Apr 1839 — travel into Livingston Co.

Leaving Morin’s house on the morning of 15 April, the company traveled east into Livingston County on the main road connecting Gallatin and Chillicothe on the north side of the Grand River, stopping that night at the home of a family named Cox, who Hyrum noted were “Mormon eaters.” ( /uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

16 Apr 1839 — Joseph escapes

On Tuesday, 16 April, the guard and prisoners stopped for the night at a location near Yellow Creek, in Chariton County. It was at this point they were allowed to escape. Here, Sheriff Morgan informed Lyman Wight “that he wished to God he was at home, and your friends also,” and then added, “By G—, I shall not go much further.” Hyrum Smith testified that Morgan told them Judge Burch instructed him “never to carry us to Boone County.” Earlier, the Mormon prisoners had purchased a jug of whiskey, which they gave that night to the five Daviess men. “Three . . . of the guard drank pretty freely of the whiskey,” Hyrum Smith reported. “They also went to bed, and were soon asleep.” Shortly afterwards, Sheriff Morgan then told them, “I shall take a good drink of grog and go to bed, and you may do as you have a mind to.” He and another guard provided them with two horses and then helped them load the animals with their belongings. Joseph Smith wrote that “the guard got intoxicated, [and] we thought it a favorable opportunity to make our escape. . . . We took the advantage of the situation . . . and took our departure.” In recounting the event four years later, Hyrum stated, perhaps in jest, “We took our change of venue to the state of Illinois.” ( /uploads/2013/05/ MHS2.1 Baugh.pdf)

A promissory note to John Brassfield dated the 16th day of April 1839 for $150. So I don’t know how the conversation went. Maybe it went with something like, well what do you need for these horses? Well I’m going to need $200. Joseph’s like, okay John I’ve got $50. Heber C. Kimball we know gave him some money. That’s all I have will you take a note? Okay. He takes a note. (

17 Apr 1839 — escape route

The road to Columbia went south from the Rothville area to Keytesville (previously spelled Keatsville); it then went southeast to Columbia via Old Chariton (Glasgow) and Fayette. … By going east from Rothville instead of Keyteville, the brethren could take back roads and trails to avoid detection and arrest. Their back-road route from Yellow Creek to Quincy is not known. The Prophet and his companions had to travel about 120 miles to Quincy. Where they arrived April. 23, 1839, after traveling 9 – 10 days. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 490)

Unfortunately for Baldwin, the day after making their getaway, he became separated from the other four. The other escapees looked for him, but gave up and moved on, thinking they would eventually cross paths as they made their way to the Illinois border. (

18 Apr 1839 — Joseph stays overnight with George Harris

The next day (Thursday, 18 April), following a second hard day of overland travel, the four men, minus Baldwin, arrived at the home of George Harris, a Latter-day Saint living on the Chariton River. Here, they enjoyed a restful night among friends. (

They found shelter for the night at the cabin of George Harris (or Harrison), a Latter-day Saint who had not left the state and was living near the Big Chariton River. The next morning, “to our astonishment,” Hyrum Smith wrote, “bro baldwin came in he had traveled all knight in the wilderness & providentialy came to us. (mormon /wp-content/uploads/2013/05/ MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

Little is known about what happened between the time the Mormon refugees left the Harris home on the Chariton River and their arrival at Quincy four days later. The Prophet’s history states that they continued on their journey, traveling “both by night and by day; suffering much fatigue and hunger.” (mormonhistoricsites. org/wp-content/uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

21 Apr 1839 — Lucy Mack sees Joseph in vision

21 Apr. 1839: Lucy receives spiritual assurance that Joseph and Hyrum will reach Quincy the next day and prophesies as much to Edward Partridge. That night she sees them in a vision, sleeping on the prairie without blankets or food. (

22 Apr 1839 Joseph joins the saints at Quincy Illinois

The following day, 22 April, was joyous and eventful for each of the men. The Prophet and Caleb Baldwin took the horses and raced on ahead of Hyrum and Lyman Wight, so they were the first to reach the river crossing opposite Quincy, arriving early in the morning. (mormonhistoric Baugh.pdf)

Dimick B. Huntington was at the landing and was the first to see Joseph. Huntington wrote: I Dimick Huntington saw Joseph land from the Quincy ferry boat about 8 oc. in morning. He was drest in an old pair of boots full of holes, pants torn, tucked inside of boots, blue cloak with collar turned up, wide brim black hat, rim soped down, not been shaved for some time, looked pale & haggard. I Dimick rode down at the request of Emma to enquire the news if any, from the west. When I got within about 16 ft. of him he raised his head. I exclaimed My God is it you Bro. Joes. He raised his hand & stopped me saying Hush, Hush. He then asked where is my family. I told him they were 4 miles east at Judge Clevelands in a room I had provided for them. I asked him if he wished to see his father & mother as they were in Quincy. He said no it would be too great a shock, they are old & cannot bear it. Take me to my family as quick as you can. In passing through the back streets of Quincy a number of men knew him. On arriving at the house where his family was Emma knew him as he was dismounting from his horse. She met him half way to the gate. Joseph not knowing the universal friendly feelings that existed in Quincy, was fearful he might be arrested again. (mormonhistoric /uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

casualty report

In the final official report the casualties of the Mormon War were stated: “The whole number of Mormons killed through the whole difficulty, as far as I can ascertain, are about forty, and several wounded. There has been one [Missouri] citizen killed and several wounded.” (Missouri the Center State: 1821-1915, Volume 2 pg 558)

The specific dates of the war are from August 6, 1838, (the Gallatin election battle) to November 1, 1838, when Joseph Smith surrendered at Far West. During the conflict 22 people were killed (3 Mormons and 1 non-Mormon at Crooked River, one Mormon prisoner fatally injured while in custody, and 17 Mormons at Haun’s Mill). An unknown number of non-combatants died due to exposure and hardship as a result of being expelled from their homes in Missouri. (


Apr 1839 – Chillicothe Sheriff kills Gallatin Sheriff

The name of the sheriff in charge of the prisoners was William Morgan, and upon his return to Gallatin both he and the ex-sheriff, William Bowman, who was suspected of complicity in the escape of the prisoners, received harsh treatment at the hands of the citizens of that place. The story is told in the “History of Daviess County,” published by Birdsall & Dean, 1882, as follows: “The prisoners took change of venue to Boone county, and the Daviess county officers started with the prisoners to their destination in Boone county. Some of the prisoners having no horses, William Bowman, the first sheriff of Daviess county, [and now ex-sheriff], furnished the prisoners three horses, and they left in charge of William Morgan, the sheriff of the county. The sheriff alone returned on horseback, the guard who accompanied him returning on foot, or riding and tying by turns. The sheriff reported that the prisoners had all escaped in the night, taking the horses with them, and that a search made for them proved unavailing. The people of Gallatin were greatly exercised, and they disgraced themselves by very ruffianly conduct. They rode the sheriff on a rail, and Bowman was dragged over the square by the hair of the head. The men guilty of these dastardly acts, accused sheriff Morgan and ex-Sheriff Bowman of complicity in the escape of the Mormon leaders; that Bowman furnished the horses, and that Morgan allowed them to escape, and both got well paid for their treachery. (

The rabble specifically singled out Bowman, subjecting him to some harsh punishment by tying him to a steel rail and dragging him through the streets. Tragically, the injuries he incurred from this ordeal led to his death a short time later. Why Sheriff Morgan did not receive the same treatment is not clear; perhaps it was because Bowman was specifically entrusted with safeguarding the prisoners while Morgan went along to oversee the transfer. Thus, Bowman, not Morgan, was ultimately responsible for the prisoners’ getting away. (byustudies. byu edu/content/volume-3-chapter-21)

Stephen MARKHAM learned from Judge BOWMAN, the leader of one of the Missouri companies, that his son, William BOWMAN had been murdered for aiding in the escape of Joseph and Hyrum SMITH from Liberty Jail, Missouri, in 1839. The mob had been led by Obediah JENNINGS. The Missouri mob had rode William BOWMAN on a bar of iron until he died. … Judge BOWMAN told Brother MARKHAM that Sheriff Morgan was in Oregon. (

30 Apr 1839 — Joseph begins the purchase of Nauvoo

After making the original land purchases on 30 April 1839, the Prophet and his associates returned to Quincy to complete preparations for the migration northward. (

6 July 1839 — Sheriff Morgan’s affidavit

This is to certify that I executed the written order by taking the bodys [sic] of Caleb Baldwin Lyman Wight Joseph Smith Jr and Hiram Smith and Alexander McRay into my custody and that I sumoned [sic] a guard of four men to wit William Bowman Wilson McKinney John Brassfield and John Pope to assist me in taking the said Smith Wight and others from E B. Creekmores in the County of Daviess to the town of Columbia in the County of Boone State of Missouri as commanded by said order and that on the way from said E B Creekmores in the County of Daviess to the town of Columbia aforesaid on the 16th day of April 1839 the Smith Wight and others made their escape without the common concent [sic] or negligence of myself or gard [sic] July 6th 1839 William Morgan Sheriff Of Daviess County ( viewFile /4777 /4427)

Morgan’s statement contradicts the historical evidence. He likely never had any intention of delivering Joseph Smith and his companions to Columbia, Missouri. Furthermore, he not only allowed them to escape but did, in fact, aid them in their efforts. With his reputation tarnished as a result of the incident, Morgan left the county a short time later. ( MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

political fallout

Many of Boggs’s constituents felt that he had mismanaged the situation, by failing to intervene earlier in the crisis, and then by overreacting on the basis of partial and incorrect information. The Missouri Argus published an editorial on December 20, 1838, that public opinion should not permit the Mormons to forcibly be expelled from the state: They cannot be driven beyond the limits of the state—that is certain. To do so, would be to act with extreme cruelty. Public opinion has recoiled from a summary and forcible removal of our negro population;—much more likely will it be to revolt at the violent expulsion of two or three thousand souls, who have so many ties to connect them with us in a common brotherhood. If they choose to remain, we must be content. The day has gone by when masses of men can be outlawed, and driven from society to the wilderness, unprotected. . . . The refinement, the charity of our age, will not brook it. Even people who otherwise would have had no sympathy for the Mormons were appalled by Boggs’s Executive Order and the treatment of the Mormons by the mobs. One contemporary critic of the Mormons wrote: Mormonism is a monstrous evil; and the only place where it ever did or ever could shine, this side of the world of despair, is by the side of the Missouri mob.

LeSueur notes that, along with other setbacks, Boggs’s mishandling of the Mormon conflict left him “politically

impotent” by the end of his term. ( Political fallout)

late 1839 – church completes purchase of Nauvoo Illinois

Once the decision was made to gather and relocate the Saints, the Church leaders moved vigorously to procure the necessary land. By the end of the summer of 1839 four major land transactions were completed to provide the Church the area it needed. The largest parcel was nearly twenty thousand acres of land purchased from Isaac Galland on the Iowa side of the river, as well as a small portion in Illinois. The other three purchases, totalling over six hundred acres, were across from the Iowa bank on a horseshoe-shaped bend in the river in Illinois. Two small towns, Commerce and Commerce City, had been platted on this land, but they had only a handful of dwellings between them. Some of the flatlands near the river were swampy because of a high water table and springs that flowed from the foot of the bluffs to the east and were consequently unhealthy. ( /church-history-in-the-fulness-of-times-student-manual/chapter-seventeen-refuge-in-illinois?lang=eng)

The Old Nauvoo Temple Foundation

29 Nov 1839 – Joseph meets with President Van Buren

Joseph and Judge Higbee met with President Martin Van Buren on November 29, 1839. At first Van Buren was inconsiderate of the Prophet’s plea. However, as the discussion progressed, the president promised to reconsider his position and “felt to sympathize with [the Mormons], on account of [their] sufferings.” (

Feb 1840 — Joseph’s second meeting with President Van Buren

They met with President Van Buren again in February 1840. 5 By this time, Van Buren had lost any sympathetic feelings he might have had for the Church. According to the Prophet, the president treated them rudely and declared: “Gentlemen, your cause is just, but I can do nothing for you. … If I take up for you I shall lose the vote of Missouri.”  (

27 May 1840 – Bishop Edward Partridge dies

Edward Partridge died in 1840 at Nauvoo, Illinois at the age of forty-seven. Joseph Smith commented that his death could be attributed to the stresses and persecutions heaped upon him and other Mormon settlers in western Missouri in the 1830’s—”He lost his life in consequence of the Missouri persecutions, and he is one of that number whose blood will be required at their hands.” (

3 Feb 1841 – Nauvoo Legion formed

The “Nauvoo Legion” formed—this was a militia controlled by the mayor, while most militia were typically controlled only at the county level. While still subject to the governor, the Nauvoo Legion’s internal organization and policies were under the control of the city of Nauvoo. Joseph was approved by the state of Illinois as “Lieutenant General,” which was a fairly high rank (no one but George Washington held a rank that high until 1847). The state officials later realized that only a jury of his peers could convene a court-martial or otherwise remove Joseph, so they had effectively handed him life-time control over the city militia! Again, one should note that Joseph did not arrogate the rank to himself; it was confirmed upon him by the state legislature.

6 May 1842 – Governor Boggs shot in the head

On the rainy evening of May 6, 1842, Boggs was shot by an unknown party who fired at him through a window as he read a newspaper in his study. Boggs was hit by large buckshot in four places: two balls were lodged in his skull, another lodged in his neck, and a fourth entered his throat, whereupon Boggs swallowed it. Boggs was severely injured. Several doctors—Boggs’ brother among them—pronounced Boggs as good as dead; at least one newspaper ran an obituary. To everyone’s great surprise, Boggs not only survived, but gradually improved. (

The crime was investigated by Sheriff J.H. Reynolds, who discovered a revolver at the scene, still loaded with buckshot. He surmised that the suspect had fired upon Boggs and lost his firearm in the dark rainy night when the weapon recoiled due to its unusually large shot. The gun had been stolen from a local shopkeeper, who identified “that hired man of Ward’s” as the “most likely culprit”. ( assassination_of_Lilburn_Boggs)

Governor Boggs shot in the head, perhaps by none other than Orrin Porter Rockwell. I wonder, besides revenge as motive, maybe there was some of the blood atonement thinking involved. The story goes that a posse followed the killer to California, and Orrin Porter Rockwell was in California. ( _assassination_of_Lilburn_Boggs)

Feb 1843 – Joseph Smith candidate for president

Joseph Smith, prophet/president of the Mormon church, was nominated for president, with fellow Mormon Sidney Rigdon as vice presidential candidate, in February 1844. They sent Mormon missionaries out to campaign for Smith, and a pamphlet—Gen. Smith’s Views of the Powers and Policy of the Governmentoffered his views on a range of issues was published and distributed. (

28 Feb 1843 – Joseph pays John Brassfield for helping escape

Significantly, in February 1843, nearly four years after Joseph Smith and his cell mates had fled Missouri, John Brassfield (and perhaps others of the guard) traveled to Nauvoo and received the remainder of his remuneration. On 28 February 1843, the Prophet’s history states that he spent the day with his mother and family and “Mr. John Brassfield, with whom I became acquainted in Missouri.” ( uploads/2013/05/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf)

Joseph Smith III remembered the reason for Brassfield’s visit was connected to the horses and the escape plan: When Father came to Quincy from his imprisonment in Missouri he brought with him a fine saddle horse—a dark chestnut sorrel stallion, named Medley, which he had obtained from the men who guarded them at the time of their escape. From circumstances which I remember in connection therewith I have reason to believe it had been purchased at a good figure. Whether or not Uncle Hyrum had also received a horse I cannot now say, but I remember that after the passage of some time, two men came to the house to see Father, one of whom was named John Brassfield. I understood at the time that these men had come for the purpose of collecting the amount of the bribe for which they had allowed the prisoners to escape. I cannot fix this date in memory other than to say it was after the erection of what was called the Red Brick Store, located in the west end of the block on which our house stood. I remember hearing at the time that the amount of money to be paid these men was eight hundred dollars, and that the horse Father had owned was to be replaced by another. I remember the cream-colored or “clay-bank” horse which Father purchased from Amos Davis for the purpose of turning over to these men from Missouri. They were closeted [boarded] with Father and one or two others for the afternoon and part of the evening, and departed the next day. ( Baugh.pdf)

23 June 1844 – ‘Old Sow’ Cannon hidden in the Temple basement

With word that over 1,500 Missourians were on their way to Illinois, on June 24, 1844 Joseph Smith tells brethren to hide the cannon in the basement of the Nauvoo Temple. Word has it that this group of Missourians turned around in Shelbina, Missouri, as Joseph had been killed. ( 2CKQUEN0ECSA/p2)

27 June 1844 – Joseph Smith – Martyr

(D&C 135:1 ,3) 1 To seal the testimony of this book and the Book of Mormon, we announce the martyrdom of Joseph Smith the Prophet, and Hyrum Smith the Patriarch. They were shot in Carthage jail, on the 27th of June, 1844, about five o’clock p.m., by an armed mob—painted black—of from 150 to 200 persons. Hyrum was shot first and fell calmly, exclaiming: I am a dead man! Joseph leaped from the window, and was shot dead in the attempt, exclaiming: OLord my God! They were both shot after they were dead, in a brutal manner, and both received four balls. … 3 Joseph Smith, the Prophet and Seer of the Lord, has done more, save Jesus only, for the salvation of men in this world, than any other man that ever lived in it. … He lived great, and he died great in the eyes of God and his people; and like most of the Lord’s anointed in ancient times, has sealed his mission and his works with his own blood; and so has his brother Hyrum. In life they were not divided, and in death they were not  separated!

27 June 1844 – Chillicothe Militia

Local historian, Charlie Peniston has records stating that William Obadiah Jennings and over 1,500 Missourians were headed from this area, to Nauvoo, Illinois on June 27, 1844 to kill Joseph Smith, but they turned around in Shelbina, because they heard he was already dead. (Jeff Foli researchre and former Mayor of Chillicothe Mo)

June 1844 — Wilford Woodruff sees the Salt Lake Temple

Woodruff’s experiences regarding the temple began with a vision he received while the Saints were still in Nauvoo, Illinois, following the martyrdom of Joseph Smith in 1844. During dedication services in Salt Lake City, Woodruff “related his vision he had in Boston some 50 years ago. How the Lord showed him the Saints would move to the Rocky Mountains and build this Temple, and [that] he would be called upon to open it to the people and dedicate it to the Lord.” “I anticipated the dedication of that Temple for fifty years,” he proclaimed shortly after the dedication, “for I attended the dedication of that Temple fifty years ago in a vision, and when I got through that work, I felt that I had arrived at the end of my work in the flesh.” Another time he recounted that “I was ordained to dedicate this Salt Lake Temple fifty years before it was dedicated. I knew I should live to dedicate that Temple. I did live to do it.” ( _V31N03_115.pdf)

1845 — ‘Oath of Vengeance’ included in the endowment

The oath of vengeance was an addition made to the Nauvoo endowment under the direction of Brigham Young by 1845 in the Nauvoo Temple, soon after the 1844 death of Joseph Smith. Participants agreed to be bound by the following oath:

You and each of you do covenant and promise that you will pray and never cease to pray to Almighty God to avenge the blood of the prophets upon this nation, and that you will teach the same to your children and to your children’s children unto the third and fourth generation.

At least one member of the LDS First Presidency understood the oath to include a personal obligation that, “if he had ever met any of those who had taken a hand in that massacre he would undoubtedly have attempted to avenge the blood of the martyrs.” (

13 Sep 1845 — James J. Strang: Strangites

the Claims of James J. Strang To the Authority now Usurped by The Twelve; And shewing him to be the True Successor of Joseph Smith, as First President of the High Priesthood. The pamphlet reprinted what characterized as a 18 June 1844 “letter of appointment” from Joseph Smith, relating to establishing a Stake of Zion in Voree, Wisconsin Territory. It further recounted that on 13 September 1845 four of Strang’s followers dug up “three plates of brass,” which Strang translated using urim and thummim five days later. Finally, the pamphlet reported that at the moment of Joseph Smith’s martyrdom, an angel appeared to Strang and designated him as the prophet’s successor. (

10 Nov 1845 – Lyman Wight: Wightites

Wight was preaching in Massachusetts when Smith was killed by a mob in Illinois on June 27, 1844. He immediately returned to Nauvoo and then to Wisconsin. Brigham Young was selected to replace Smith as head of the Mormon church and resolved to lead his people to Utah, but Wight refused to accept Young’s authority. He claimed that Smith had told him to found a Mormon colony in Texas, on land west of Austin that had been selected by Smith as a possible site for resettlement should the Mormon presidential bid fail.

With some 200 followers, Wight crossed the Red River at Preston on November 10, 1845. They spent the next ten months in Grayson County. In September 1846, they moved to Webber’s Prairie (now Webberville) in Travis County, where they met Noah Smithwick. Later that fall they built a gristmill on the Colorado River, three miles west of Austin, but the mill was destroyed by a flood. Wight asked for and received John O. Meusebach’s permission in 1847 to found a colony on the Pedernales River, four miles southeast of Fredericksburg. He believed that the German settlers of Gillespie County, with their traditions of religious tolerance and opposition to slavery, would make good neighbors.(tshaonline .org/handbook/online/articles/fwi05)

The temple was built in Zodiac, Texas, about three miles from Fredericksburg. Sealings, ordinations, washing and anointings, and adoptions were performed in this temple by the Wightites.

Wight died with a small remnant of his colony with him a few miles from San Antonio. Wight’s group had been traveling to Jackson County, Missouri, where he wished to rejoin the remainder of the mid-western Latter Day Saint. He was buried in his temple robes at the Mormon cemetery at Zodiac, which no longer exists. After Wight’s death, most of his followers became members of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, led by Joseph Smith III. ( _Wight)

1 Mar 1846 – Brigham Young: Brighamites

Smith had earlier recorded a revelation which stated the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was “equal in authority and power” to the First Presidency (D&C 107:23 – 24), so Young claimed that the leadership of the church fell to the Twelve Apostles. The majority in attendance were persuaded that the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was to lead the church with Young as the Quorum’s president. Many of Young’s followers would later reminisce that while Young spoke to the congregation, he looked or sounded exactly like Smith, which they attributed to the power of God. (

The Latter-day Saints’ epic evacuation from Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1846 may be better understood by comparing it to a three-act play. Act 1, the winter exodus, was President Brigham Young’s well-known Camp of Israel trek across Iowa from 1 March to 13 June 1846, involving perhaps 3,000 Saints. Their journey has been researched thoroughly and often stands as the story of the Latter-day Saints’ exodus from Nauvoo. Act 2, the spring exodus, which history seems to have overlooked, showed three huge waves departing Nauvoo, involving some 10,000 Saints, more than triple the number in the winter departure. Act 3, the fall exodus, has been studied only in part. It involved about 700 Saints, mostly poor, forced from Nauvoo at gunpoint. (

Repeated conflict led Young to relocate his group of Latter-day Saints to the Salt Lake Valley, then part of Mexico. Young organized the journey that would take the Mormon pioneers to Winter Quarters, Nebraska, in 1846, then to the Salt Lake Valley. By the time Young arrived at the final destination, it had come under American control as a result of war with Mexico, although U.S. sovereignty would not be confirmed until 1848. Young arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847, a date now recognized as Pioneer Day in Utah. Young’s expedition was one the largest and one of the best organized westward treks. On August 22, 29 days after arriving in the Salt Lake Valley, Young organized the Mormon Tabernacle Choir. ( Brigham_Young)

1846 – ‘Old Sow’ Cannon leaves for Salt Lake

A cannon being memorialized in a monument now being created, to be placed in a Parowan, Utah, park in 1995, has a long and storied past. Historians believe the cannon could have been used on a ship during the War of 1812. It was likely purchased in New Orleans, La, as war surplus and brought to Missouri. The piece has a short barrel and fired a six-pound shot. … Later the ponderous weapon became part of the Nauvoo artillery. It was used for ceremonial purposes until the Saints were expelled from Nauvoo in 1846. They eventually hauled it with them across Iowa to Winter Quarters. … And when the first party of pioneers moved west to the Rocky Mountains, they drew the wheeled cannon with them. Although the weapon was occasionally readied for use against Indians, it was never used in that regard. Mostly it was fired to call the Saints together or to celebrate, Doubtless, however, its mere presence has a chilling effect on any who had hostile intentions against the pioneers. (Church News 01/29/94)

9 Oct 1846 — General Doniphan 100 gun salute to Mormon Battalion

Following the Mormon period of Missouri history, Doniphan served in the war with Mexico, leading a group on a long trek to Mexico and back. He and his men were stationed in Santa Fe, N.M., when the first divisions of the Mormon Battalion staggered in, weak from the journey and a lack of food and water. He ordered his men to give a 100-gun salute to the battalion members, who were encouraged to see a friend of the Saints there. (deseretnews .com/article/765625475/Picturing-history-Alexander-Doniphan-grave.html?pg=all)

1849 – proposed Territory of Deseret

The Mormons asked Congress to approve a territorial government for their land. In 1849 a constitutional convention proposed the State of Deseret, a Mormon word meaning “honey bee.” The Mormons claimed a large area. It encompassed the entire Great Basin and east to the Continental Divide, including, besides the present state of Utah, most of present Nevada and Arizona and parts of southern California (with the port of San Diego), Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Oregon, and Idaho. The US Senate passed a bill in 1850 providing for the organization of Utah Territory, though shrinking its borders. The US Congress to accept the name Deseret. Instead, Congress called it Utah, after the Ute tribe of native American indians that lived there. One reason for the refusal of Congress to grant statehood to Deseret was the lack of 60,000 eligible voters required for admission as a state. Moreover, Congress objected to the huge size of the proposed state. ( military/ops/utah.htm)

The Territory of Utah was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from September 9, 1850, until January 4, 1896, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Utah. (

1851 – ‘Old Sow’ cannon at the Old Fort, SLC Utah

In Salt Lake City, the cannon was placed at the Old Fort. In 1851 when the pioneers under Apostle George A Smith left for the Iron County Mission, they took this cannon with them, to their now home in the heart of Indian county. (Church News 01/29/94)

13 Jan 1851 – ‘Old Sow’ cannon at Parowan Utah

It was on Jan. 13, 1851, that a Mormon pioneer company led by George A. Smith arrived at the present site of the town, following a month’s journey from Provo, Parowan was established and became the staging are for other settlements in the region. (Church News 01/20/96)

The Party also had a cannon “Old Sow,” which Jacob Hofheins fired three times as they entered the rim of the valley. The cannon had received its nickname when a sow uncovered the cast-iron barrel in a field in Missouri where mobbers had hidden it. (See Church News, Jan. 29, 1994)

18 July1857 – Nauvoo Legion Rangers vs Johnson’s Army

The President and US Senate had chosen to remove then-governor Brigham Young from office based on reports from federal officials assigned to Utah who had abandoned their assignments and returned to the east. Young’s replacement as governor of Utah territory Alfred Cumming was escorted by a contingent of 1,400 Federal troops led by Gen. Albert Johnston as part of what was called the Utah Expedition. The army’s orders were to support the installment of the new governor, using force as necessary as resistance was expected based on the official’s reports.

Lot Smith (May 15, 1830 – June 21, 1892) was a Mormon pioneer, soldier, lawman and American frontiersman. He became known as “The Horseman” for his exceptional skills on horseback as well as for his help in rounding up wild mustangs on Utah’s Antelope Island. He is most famous for his exploits during the 1857 Utah War. (

Smith was sent on a special mission by Young, who hoped to delay the arrival of the troops in the hope that a diplomatic breakthrough could be reached before the troops reached Salt Lake City. Smith led a group of Nauvoo Legion rangers east across Wyoming along the stretch where the California, Oregon and Mormon Trails merge. Mormons, including Orrin Porter Rockwell harassed the army by burning the grass along the route, stampeding the army mules, and driving off their cattle. Fort Bridger, Wyoming was burned to the ground. Smith ordered the Union wagon trains of supplies to turn around but they complied only while he was in sight. Then, in one night, Smith and his men burned three wagon trains of supplies (food, clothing, gunpowder and whiskey for an entire army). Lot Smith and his rangers held off the Federal soldiers until an early blizzard and cold winter weather set in. The army was forced to winter near the ruins of Fort Bridger, Wyoming. Smith’s efforts and the weather stopped an army without Mormon troops harming any soldiers on the Federal side. A diplomatic settlement brokered by Col. Thomas L. Kane allowed Governor Cumming to take office peaceably and protected the civilian population from the army. For many Mormons, Lot Smith and his men are considered heroes. (

Smith was buried near his cabin. A decade later, the remains of the hero of the Utah War were returned with great pomp and ceremony to Farmington, Utah where his grave became something of a symbol of the Mormon pioneer as frontiersman, soldier, and Indian fighter. (


7 Sep 1857 – Mountain Meadow Massacre

The somewhat dispirited Baker–Fancher party found water and fresh grazing for its livestock after reaching grassy, mountain-ringed Mountain Meadows, a widely known stopover on the old Spanish Trail, in early September. They anticipated several days of rest and recuperation there before the next 40 miles would take them out of Utah. But, on September 7, the party was attacked by Mormon militiamen dressed as Native Americans and some Native American Paiutes.

The Baker–Fancher party defended itself by encircling and lowering their wagons, wheels chained together, along with digging shallow trenches and throwing dirt both below and into the wagons, which made a strong barrier. Seven emigrants were killed during the opening attack and were buried somewhere within the wagon encirclement. Sixteen more were wounded. The attack continued for five days, during which the besieged families had little or no access to fresh water or game food and their ammunition was depleted. …. On Friday, September 11, 1857, two militiamen approached the Baker–Fancher party wagons with a white flag and were soon followed by Indian Agent and militia officer John D. Lee. Lee told the battle-weary emigrants that he had negotiated a truce with the Paiutes, whereby they could be escorted safely the 36 miles back to Cedar City under Mormon protection in exchange for turning all of their livestock and supplies over to the Native Americans. Accepting this, the emigrants were led out of their fortification. The adult men were separated from the women and children. The men were paired with a militia escort. When a signal was given, the militiamen turned and shot the male members of the Baker–Fancher party standing by their side. The women and children were then ambushed and killed by more militia that were hiding in nearby bushes and ravines.  ( Mountain_Meadows_massacre)

6 Apr 1860 – Joseph Smith III: RLDS Church

In the late 1840s and early 1850s, the bulk of the Latter Day Saints either aligned themselves with Brigham Young and emigrated to Utah or they remained in the Midwest and looked to James J. Strang as church president. Strang gave indications that he believed that a son of Joseph Smith, Jr. would one day lead the church and made overtures to the Smith family. Emma and her sons, however, remained aloof. Many midwestern Latter Day Saints were adamantly opposed to plural marriage and when Strang began to openly practice the doctrine in 1849, … Later, when Strang was mortally wounded by assassins, he refused to name a successor, and when he died he left his church leaderless. (

The midwestern Saints began to call for the need to establish a “New Organization” of the church and many believed that Joseph Smith III should be its head. Latter Day Saints repeatedly visited Smith and asked him to take up his father’s mantle, but his reply was that he would only assume the church presidency if he were inspired by God to do so. Finally, in 1860, Smith said that he had received this inspiration and at a conference in Amboy, Illinois on April 6, 1860, he was sustained as president of the Church.

9 July 1861 – Sidney Rigdon: Rigdonites – Bickertonites

Rigdon returned to Nauvoo on August 3, and the next day he announced at a public meeting that he had received a revelation appointing him “Guardian of the Church.” The President of the central stake, William Marks, supported Rigdon. At an August 8 conference, Rigdon argued that he should be made the “Protector” of the church.” (

At the conference on August 8, Rigdon spoke first to the assembled, asking the saints to confirm his role as “guardian.” To back his claim, Rigdon cited his long relationship with Smith and the fact that he was the only surviving member of the First Presidency. Rigdon argued also that Smith had sent him to Pennsylvania to prevent the entire presidency from being killed in the ongoing conflict. The move to Pennsylvania also occurred so Rigdon could be Smith’s running mate for President, as the Vice President cannot run from the same state. (

The Latter Day Saints who followed Rigdon separated themselves from the majority of the members, who followed Brigham Young and the Quorum of the Twelve. Rigdon and his followers settled in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. On April 6, 1845, Rigdon presided over a conference of the Church of Christ, which he claimed was the rightful continuation of the church founded by Smith. William Bickerton was among those converted by Rigdon’s preaching, and was baptized at Pittsburgh in 1845. Later that same year, Bickerton was ordained an elder and shortly after an evangelist in the church. Rigdon’s organization disbanded shortly afterwards. (

Bickerton continued to preach and by May 1851 a branch of the church was organized under Bickerton’s leadership in West Elizabeth, Pennsylvania. At a conference on July 9, 1861, it was recorded that twelve of their number were chosen and called by the Holy Spirit to be apostles. The church was incorporated in Pittsburgh in June 1865 with the legal name, “Church of Jesus Christ of Green Oak, Pennsylvania.” On April 5, 1941, the church was granted the name of “The Church of Jesus Christ” by Washington County, Pennsylvania. The church today is registered as “The Church of Jesus Christ” in the corporate registry of the state of Pennsylvania. (

10 Aug 1861 – Civil War reaches Missouri

Missouri participated heavily in the Civil War. Tens of thousands of Missourians fought on both sides, engaging in several major battles within its borders, particularly in the western part of the state. Jackson county was damaged severely by the Civil War, and the battles of Westport and Independence were fought on lands formerly owned by latter-day Saints. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 3)

In the American Civil WarMissouri was a border state that sent men, armies, generals, and supplies to both opposing sides, had its star on both flags, had separate governments representing each side, and endured a neighbor-against-neighbor intrastate war within the larger national war. ( American_Civil_War)

By the end of the Civil War Missouri had supplied nearly 110,000 troops to the Union and at least 30,000 troops for the Confederate Army and additional bands of pro–Confederate guerrillas. There were battles and skirmishes in all areas of the state, from Iowa and the Illinois border in the northeast to the edge of the state in the southeast and southwest on the Arkansas border. Counting minor engagements, actions and skirmishes, Missouri saw over 1,200 distinct fights. Only Virginia and Tennessee exceeded Missouri in the number of clashes within the state’s boundaries. (

The first major Civil War battle west of the Mississippi River was on August 10, 1861 at Wilson’s Creek, Missouri, while the largest battle west of the Mississippi River was the Battle of Westport at Kansas City in 1864. (

29 Jan 1862 – William Obadiah Jennings shot and killed

First Livingston County sheriff was shot in back. According to the files of the Constitution-Tribune, William O. Jennings was appointed as the first sheriff of Livingston County in 1837, when the county was first organized. Jennings would have been 22 or 23 years old. (Constitution-Tribune Sesquicentennial Edition – Thursday, April 30, 1987)

Two markers stand over ‘Jennings’ grave in Edgewood Cemetery in Chillicothe. The original one is a marble slab now lying flush to the ground. The other marker is a medium-tall marble obelisk. It is the working on the obelisk that makes the observer pause. It reads. W.O. Jennings, Born June 10, 1814, Died January 22, 1862. Shot in the Dark: O, Where are those bloody thieves! (Constitution-Tribune Sesquicentennial Edition – Thursday, April 30, 1987)

Aug 1862 — Brigham Young on the return to Jackson Co.

In August 1862 President Brigham Young toured the temple lot with Woodruff and Isaac Morley. While inspecting the temple foundation, Young said, “I expect this temple to stand through the Millennium & the Brethren will go in and give the endowments to the people.” Turning to the two men, Young then declared, “I do not want to quite finish this temple for there will not be any Temple finished until the one is finished in Jackson County, Missouri pointed out by Joseph Smith. Keep this a secret to yourselves lest some may be discouraged.” (

The beginning of the war increased Young’s expectation that the time was nearing for the Saints to return to redeem Zion. “One great blessing the Lord wishes to pour upon this people is that they may return to Jackson county,” he declared. “If our enemies do not cease their oppression upon this people, as sure as the Lord lives it will not be many days before we will occupy that land and there build up a Temple to the Lord” (6 Apr. 1862, Journal of Discourses 9:270). While the Civil War raged in the East, Young boldly declared, “We are determined to build up the kingdom of God on the earth; to bring forth Zion, to promote the cause of righteousness on the earth … The time has now come when this work will be consummated” (31 Aug. 1862, Journal of Discourses 9:368). This declaration was made one week after Young uttered his instructions to Woodruff on the temple grounds to delay completion of the temple until after the return to Jackson County. Two years later the president prepared the Saints for his departure to return to Jackson County by warning them, “I expect to be absent, some time from now, for quite a while” (15 May 1864, Journal of Discourses 10:290). With the U.S. government still intact following the Civil War, Young’s attitudes regarding the imminent return of the church to Jackson County cooled. It became clear that the time frame for the Saints’ return was unknown. No longer was the return to Zion as immediate. It is not possible to determine if Young intended to complete the Salt Lake temple irrespective of the return to Jackson County or if the ending of the Civil War altered his views. If Young did change his intent, he did not communicate this change to Woodruff, who clearly held to the original teachings of the president in 1862. (dialogue

18 July 1863 – Church of Christ: Hedrikites

By the 1860s, five early Mormon branches found themselves unaffiliated with any larger group. Located in Bloomington, IllinoisCrow Creek, Illinois; Half Moon Prairie, Illinois; Eagle Creek, Illinois; and Vermillion, Indiana, these branches united under the leadership of Granville Hedrick in May 1863. On July 18, 1863, Hedrick was ordained as “President, Prophet, Seer and Revelator“. (


The Hendrickites own a 2-acre piece of property in Independence, Missouri, called The Temple Lot. “The Hedrickites returned to Independence in 1867 to purchase lots for this temple in the name of the “Church of Christ” and have been headquartered there ever since (Wikipedia). The church is now so named Church of Christ (Temple Lot). The church split in 1929 over some letters Otto Fetting claimed to be from John the Baptist. Fetting’s own group split afterwards into three groups. Another sect breaking with the Temple Lot church was the Church of Christ (Hancock), founded in 1946 by Pauline Hancock. Her church dissolved in 1984. The Church of Christ (Temple Lot) uses the Bible and the Book of Mormon as scripture. (

25 Aug 1863 — Civil War Jackson Co. scorched earth policy

General Order No. 11 is the title of a Union Army directive issued during the American Civil War on August 25, 1863, forcing the evacuation of rural areas in four counties in western Missouri. The order, issued by Union General Thomas Ewing, Jr., affected all rural residents regardless of their allegiance. Those who could prove their loyalty to the Union were permitted to stay in the affected area, but had to leave their farms and move to communities near military outposts. Those who could not do so had to vacate the area altogether. (en.

Animals and farm property were stolen or destroyed; houses, barns and outbuildings were burned to the ground. Some civilians were even summarily executed—a few as old as seventy years of age. Ewing’s four counties became a devastated “no man’s land,” with only charred chimneys and burnt stubble showing where homes and thriving communities had once stood, earning the sobriquet “The Burnt District.” There are very few remaining antebellum homes in this area due to the Order. (

3 Mar 1867 – Church of Christ Temple Lot

In 1847 the city of Independence formally incorporated, with the Temple Lot receiving the legal designation of lots 15 through 22 in the “Woodson and Maxwell Addition” (

The … Church of Christ (Temple Lot), also called “Hedrickites”… held its first worship meeting in Independence on Sunday, March 3, 1867. (

Its most notable claim to fame today rests in its sole ownership of the Temple Lot, which it has held for nearly 150 years. As of 2013, membership is 7,310 members in 11 countries. ( (Temple_Lot)

The Hedrikites bought lots 16, 20 and 21 in 1867; lots 17, 18, 19, and 22 in 1873 and the final lot 15 in 1874. (Addams and Baugh: Photographic History of the Temple Lot)

1870 – John D. Lee excommunicated

In 1870 a Utah paper openly condemned Brigham Young for covering up the massacre [Mountain Meadow]. That same year Young exiled Lee to a remote part of northern Arizona and excommunicated him from the church, instructing his former confidant to “make yourself scarce and keep out of the way. … Nevertheless, he was managing to eke out a living in a homesteaders cabin near the Colorado River in Northern Arizona when a sheriff captured him in November 1874. (

1874 – Mountain Meadow trial

Investigations, after interruption by the American Civil War, resulted in nine indictments during 1874. (en.

Lee’s first trial ended inconclusively with a hung jury, probably because of the prosecution’s misguided attempt to portray Brigham Young as the true mastermind of the massacre. A second trial, in which the prosecution placed the blame squarely on Lee’s shoulders, ended with his conviction. ( / lee. htm)

22 May 1874 — General Doniphan visits Salt Lake City

When visiting Salt Lake City in 1874, Doniphan received a warm welcome. The General who had befriended the Mormons at perhaps their lowest point in history made no speeches claiming honor for his deed. He would do the same for anyone. Doniphan, even though he wasn’t a member, was nevertheless a most reverent man. It was this that led to his admirers erecting a memorial to this “noble man” in Richmond Missouri. Doniphan had transcended both Missouri and Mormon differences, while maintaining and defending his principles. Now, both placed him on a pedestal. Most importantly, Doniphan’s innate sense of justice kept him from placing any goal he might have had for being a lawyer, statesman, or general, above being first a man of integrity and a champion for justice. (Profiles in Mormon Courage: Inspiring Stories of Stalwart and Steadfast chapter 2)

23 Mar 1877 – John D Lee – scapegoat?

At Lee’s sentencing, as required by Utah Territory statute, he was given the option of being hung, shot, or beheaded, and he chose to be shot. Lee was executed by firing squad at Mountain Meadows on March 23, 1877. Young believed that Lee’s punishment was just, but not a sufficient blood atonement, given the enormity of the crime, to allow Lee entrance into the celestial kingdom) Prior to his execution, Lee claimed that he was a scapegoat for others involved, saying: ( massacre)

  • I have always believed, since that day, that General George A. Smith was then visiting Southern Utah to prepare the people for the work of exterminating Captain Fancher’s train of emigrants, and I now believe that he was sent for that purpose by the direct command of Brigham Young.
  • The knowledge of how George A. Smith felt towards the emigrants, and his telling me that he had a long talk with Haight on the subject, made me certain that it was the wish of the Church authorities, that Fancher and his train should be wiped out, and knowing all this, I did not doubt then, and I do not doubt it now, either, that Haight was acting by full authority from the Church leaders, and that the orders he gave to me were just the orders that he had been directed to give, when he ordered me to raise the Indians and have them attack the emigrants. ( Mountain_Meadows_massacre)

29 Aug 1877 — Brigham Young murdered?

Before his death in Salt Lake City on August 29, 1877, Young was suffering from cholera morbus and inflammation of the bowels. It is believed that he died of peritonitis from a ruptured appendix. His last words were “Joseph! Joseph! Joseph!” (

Indeed, it has been duly noted that a close relative of Young–Dr. Seymour Young–“was the attending physician who attended Brigham at the latter’s home when he, Brigham lay a-dying from arsenic poisoning! And, it was he, Doctor Seymour, who–fifteen years later ‘doctored up’–or, ‘fudged’–the official death certificate by erasing out the actual cause of death and inserting the word ‘appendicitis.’” (

6 Apr 1893 — Salt Lake Temple dedicated

THE SALT LAKE TEMPLE, SOME FORTY YEARS under construction, represented to the Saints in 1893 a literal fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophesy (2:2-3) regarding the temple in the mountains,1 and many believed its dedication signaled the imminent commencement of the Millennial Era, an era which would witness the church’s return to Jackson County, Missouri, and the advent of the Savior. Thus, for the members present, the dedication of the Salt Lake temple constituted one of the most important events in the history of the world. (

Mormon President Gordon Hinckley, speaking in conference on October 1, 2000, concurred with this statement when he quoted Isaiah 2:2-3,5 and remarked: “I believe that prophecy applies to the historic and wonderful Salt Lake Temple. But I believe also that it is related to this magnificent hall [the new conference center located north of Temple Square]. For it is from this pulpit that the law of God shall go forth, together with the word and testimony of the Lord.” (

April 1917 – Osage Indian Code Talkers used in WWI

In April of 1917, the United States entered the World War.  Native Americans enlisted and from the Wah-Zha-Zhi Ni-Kah-Zhi (Osage Nation) nearly two hundred men joined up for the fight. … The Smithsonian’s research shows Osage Code Talkers were only made use of during World War I.  And little is actually known about them.  This had been such a secretive program and “classified by the military,” the soldiers’ contributions to the war effort went unknown. (

The oldest living relative of a WWI Osage Code Talker will receive a proclamation and a silver medal recognizing her grandfather’s wartime contributions, at this year’s Veterans Day Dance in Pawhuska, Okla., on Friday, November 11. The special recognition has been made possible by diligent efforts by the Osage Nation Office of the Chiefs to finally recognize the historic contributions of Osage Code Talkers. Augustus Chouteau was confirmed as a WWI Osage Code Talker by the Department of Defense.  (

1919 — ‘Oath of Vengeance’ removed from endowment

Beginning in 1919, LDS Church president Heber J. Grant appointed a committee charged with revising the endowment ceremony, which was done under the direction of apostle George F. Richards from 1921 to 1929. Richards revised the ceremony to eliminate the oath of vengeance, and the revision was formally implemented in the early 1930s. (

27 June 1944 – Wilford C. Wood purchased Adam-ondi-Ahman


Wilford Wood purchased 38 acres of Adam-ondi-Ahman for the LDS Church, which included Tower Hill and the Altar Site on June 27, 1944, the 100th anniversary of the martyrdom of the prophet Joseph Smith. Eugene Johnson sold the property to the Church for $100 per acre. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 383)

Twenty-two years later, in 1966, another 140 acres was purchased from Frederick W. and Joyce J. Dustman which included Spring Hill and the small valley between Tower Hill and Spring Hill. The Dustmans operated a very popular restaurant named “Old Diahman” out of their home in the early 1960s. Full-time missionaries now occupy the Dustman home. … In 1968 another 39 acres, which once constituted the designated public square of Adam-ondi-Ahman, were obtained. Then in 1971, 318 acres were purchased–giving the Church ownership of the large Valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman. During subsequent years, records show that additional property was purchased to increase the total acreage to approximately 3,000 acres by 1991. Two pieces were obtained in November 1994; one in August 1995; one in April 1996; two in January and February of 1997; and one more in December 2001. Today, … the Church possesses 3,550 acres in the area of Adam-ondi-Ahman. (Adam-ondi-Ahman, A Legacy of Adam and Eve pg 8)

A late Mormon theologian and general authority, Bruce McConkie, wrote that Mormon doctrine holds that the “New Jerusalem,” from which Christ is to rule the Earth after his second coming, is “to be built in Jackson County, Mo.,” by the Mormon Church. In 1990, the church paid more than $10 million for 3,265 acres of farmland in Jackson County near Independence. The church already had bought at least 11,200 acres in the area. Over the past 10 years, the church has bought 2,450 acres in Daviess County, Mo., where Mormon doctrine says Christ will appear to receive the “keys of the kingdom” from Mormon authorities. ( article/ 170647/LDS-CHURCH-REAL-ESTATE-HOLDINGS-INCLUDE-FARMS-RANCHES-BUILDINGS.html?pg=all)

25 June 1976 – Missouri Gov. Bond rescinds ‘Extermination Order’

In late 1975, President Lyman F. Edwards of the Far West stake of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, now known as the Community of Christ, invited then Missouri Governor Kit Bond to participate in the June 25, 1976, stake’s annual conference as a good-will gesture for the United States Bicentennial. As part of his address at that conference, 137 years after being signed and citing the unconstitutional nature of Governor Boggs’ directive, Governor Bond presented the following Executive Order:

WHEREAS, on October 27, 1838, the Governor of the State of Missouri, Lilburn W. Boggs, signed an order calling for the extermination or expulsion of Mormons from the State of Missouri; and

WHEREAS, Governor Boggs’ order clearly contravened the rights to life, liberty, property and religious freedom as guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States, as well as the Constitution of the State of Missouri; and

WHEREAS, in this bicentennial year as we reflect on our nation’s heritage, the exercise of religious freedom is without question one of the basic tenets of our free democratic republic;

Now, THEREFORE, I, CHRISTOPHER S. BOND, Governor of the State of Missouri, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the State of Missouri, do hereby order as follows:

Expressing on behalf of all Missourians our deep regret for the injustice and undue suffering which was caused by the 1838 order, I hereby rescind Executive Order Number 44, dated October 27, 1838, issued by Governor W. Boggs. 


Don Carlos and Agnes didn’t live in Millport

According to the Daughters of the Utah Pioneers Enduring Legacy, Don Carlos Smith and Agnes moved to Millport, Missouri when they left Kirtland Ohio. But that just isn’t correct.

(An Enduring Legacy, Volume One, p.375) Agnes and Don Carlos were among the loyal followers, leaving Kirtland in May 1838, two weeks after the birth of their second daughter. After a difficult journey they located in the village of Millport, three miles west of the Grand River.

1.  Don Carlos and Agnes owned a 160 acres 3 miles from Adam-ondi-Ahman

2.  They didn’t live in Millport because it was the center of mob activity in Daviess County

3.  Millport is about 6 miles as the crow flies, 10 miles by road, from Adam-ondi-Ahman

4.  Agnes crossed the Big Muddy Creek because it was between their 160 acres and Adam-ondi-Ahman

5.  Big Muddy Creek is a tributary of the Grand River, hence the name confusion.

6.  You can walk the 6 miles from Millport to Adam-ondi-Ahman without crossing the Grand River at all.

The book Scared Places Vol 4 sets the record straight.

(Sacred Places Vol 4 Missouri pg 457) LDS church archived has the list of lands allocated in Adam-ondi-Ahman showing that Don Carlos owned 160 acres under the preemption-rights basis, 3 miles west of Adam-ondi-Ahman. Perfect for Agnus to cross over Big Muddy Creek and hike 3 miles east to Lyman Wight’s home.

(Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 460 – 461) Don Carlos Smith’s 160-acre allocated property may be reached by going south 1.25 miles on State 13 from the entrance of Adam-ondi-Ahman. A dirt road runs north from the east side of State 13 at that point. The dirt road is 2.5 miles from State 6 going north on State 13. The dirt road runs north and starts .1 mile north of the Gallatin Quarry Road, which goes west from State 13.

Travel north on the dirst road from State 13 for nearly a mile to where the road crosses Muddy Creek in the southwest corner of Don Carlos’s farm. Little Muddy Creek joins Bid Muddy Creek just north of the bridge that crosses Muddy Creek, and a road runs north and south through the property on the east side of Little Muddy Creek.

Don Carlos Smith (1816 – 41), youngest brother of the Prophet Joseph Smith, was married to Agnes Moulton Coolbrith in 1835. In 1838, at age 22, Don Carlos was living in a log cabin on his allocated property with his wife and two children. The center of the south border of his property was three miles directly east of the south border of the Diahman public square. His property was described as the southeast quarter of Section 28, T 60N and R 27W.

The two records from the Community of Christ both refer to the Grand River.

(Journal of History Vol 9 No 2 pg 138, Reorganized LDS Church) One scene especially impresses itself upon the imagination. It is that of Agnes Smith, wife of Don Carlos who lived on the other side of the Grand River three miles away; and while her husband was far away on a mission of love had her house burned by the mob, and she, fleeing from her burning home waded. the river, waist deep, perhaps at this point, carrying two small children in her arms, to find refuge in the home of Lyman Wight.

(History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Vol 2 pg 210) During this state of affairs General Parks arrived at Daviess County and was at the house of Colonel Lyman Wight on the 18th, when the intelligence was brought that the mob were burning houses; and also when women and children were fleeing for safety, among whom was Agnes M. Smith, wife of my brother, Don Carlos Smith, who was absent on a mission in Tennessee, her house having been plundered and burned by the mob, she having traveled nearly three miles, carrying her two helpless babes, and having had to wade the Grand River.

 Joseph Smith made the Ohio to Missouri trip five times

1.      To Independence 1831 and identified Independence as the center stake of Zion

2.      To Independence 1832, both trips covered very similar itinerary.

The Boon slick Trail traversed the north bank of the Missouri River to the village of Boon’s Lick and Old Franklin. Joseph smith… also used this route in July 1831 and april 1832 as he traveled through the state to Independence. (Sacred Places Vol 4 pg 9)

3.      To Independence 1834 with Zion’s Camp


Zions Camp went through Huntsville Missouri and in my opinion is the most likely place for Joseph Smith to identify Huntsville as the ancient site of the City of Manti from the Book of Mormon. When the Kirtland camp went through the town of Huntsville four years later, Joseph was quoted as teaching that Huntsville was the ancient city of Manti.

(On the Road to Far West by Barry Canote) Zion’s Camp reached Huntsville on June 14, 1834 and passed through the town choosing not to camp there. Nothing of real note is said about the town, and Zion’s Camp went on to camp at Dark Creek six miles to the west.

For me Zions Camp seems to be the apropos time and place for Joseph Smith to teach the Huntville / City of Manti item because he was in the teaching mode during the trip. Take the Zelph mound for example.

(Wikipedia) Zelph (/zɛlf/) On June 3, while passing through west-central Illinois near Griggsville, some bones were unearthed from a mound. These bones were identified by Smith as belonging to a Lamanite chieftain-warrior named Zelph. The mound in question is now known as Naples-Russell Mound 8.

4.      To Far West 28 Oct 1837. I couldn’t find a specific map of Joseph’s short visit.

Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon were also in Huntsville in 1837 & 1838 for visits but they had no Mormon audience.

( Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon held two meetings in Huntsville in November of 1837. According to the Mormon paper, “Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, “ these meetings were thought successful in that they allayed some of the prejudice felt towards those of the Mormon faith. Nothing more is said about these meetings. Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon this time with Rigdon’s family were in Huntsville again in February of 1838. Sidney Rigdon’s wife was ill so it became a bit of an extended stay. During that time Joseph Smith wrote letters to the Church leadership, and while here a party was sent to meet him, and help the group get to Far West. Edward Partridge, George W. Harris, and Isaac Morley came to Huntsville with money and supplies for Smith and Rigdon.

5.      To Far West 14 Mar 1838. I couldn’t find a specific map of Joseph moving to Far West

6.      Here is a map showing the trail of the Kirtland Camp

map of where Joseph Smith lived

The Three Watch Doctrine

The Three Watch Doctrine originates from the Joseph Smith translation of Luke chapter 12. Luke describes Christ coming to his servants three times. In the 1st Watch, 2nd Watch and the 3rd Watch of the night. When Christ comes and finds his servants watching he will gird himself and serve them.

(JST Luke 12:41 – 45) 41 For, behold, he cometh in the first watch of the night, and he shall also come in the second watch, and again he shall come in the third watch. 42 And verily I say unto you, He hath already come, as it is written of him; and again when he shall come in the second watch, or come in the third watch, blessed are those servants when he cometh, that he shall find so doing; 43 For the Lord of those servants shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them. 44 And now, verily I say these things unto you, that ye may know this, that the coming of the Lord is as a thief in the night.

These appearances to his servants is in fulfillment of the scripture in Revelation commanding us to be watchful because we don’t know when Christ will coming as a thief in the night.

(Revelation 3:3) 3 Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.

The First Watch

The first watch took place during the meridian of time when our Lord and Savior was on the earth. There were three groups that partook of the meat of the kingdom of God during this period. 1. the New Testament Saints

2. the Nephite Saints and 3. the Lost Tribe Saints. Each group received the Gospel, the fullness of the priesthood, lived the law of consecration and became the ‘covenant people’ of the Lord. In essence they accomplished the same thing that the City of Enoch and Salem which is the City of Melchizedek except they were not translated to heaven. The reason they were not taken away is that they need to come back and build Zion the New Jerusalem. If you recall Zion from above, the city of Enoch, will return and meet Zion from below, the New Jerusalem.

I read the following verses very literally. I believe that the Savior is telling the Nephites sitting right in front of him that they will come back and fulfill these promises.

(3 Nephi 20:14 – 16) 14 And the Father hath commanded me that I should give unto you this land, for your inheritance. 15 And I say unto you, that if the Gentiles do not repent after the blessing which they shall receive, after they have scattered my people—16 Then shall ye, who are a remnant of the house of Jacob, go forth among them; and ye shall be in the midst of them who shall be many; and ye shall be among them as a lion among the beasts of the forest, and as a young lion among the flocks of sheep, who, if he goeth through both treadeth down and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.

(3 Nephi 20:22) 22 And behold, this people will I establish in this land, unto the fulfilling of the covenant which I made with your father Jacob; and it shall be a New Jerusalem. And the powers of heaven shall be in the midst of this people; yea, even I will be in the midst of you.

The Nephites will arrive first to build the New Jerusalem because they died in North America and they have a short trip. The New Testament and Lost Tribe Saints have a lot further to come and will take a little while, but according to 3 Nephi they will also gather and help build the New Jerusalem Center stake.

(3 Nephi 21:23 – 29) 23 And they shall assist my people, the remnant of Jacob, and also as many of the house of Israel as shall come, that they may build a city, which shall be called the New Jerusalem. 24 And then shall they assist my people that they may be gathered in, who are scattered upon all the face of the land, in unto the New Jerusalem. 25 And then shall the power of heaven come down among them; and I also will be in the midst. 26 And then shall the work of the Father commence at that day, even when this gospel shall be preached among the remnant of this people. Verily I say unto you, at that day shall the work of the Father commence among all the dispersed of my people, yea, even the tribes which have been lost, which the Father hath led away out of Jerusalem. 27 Yea, the work shall commence among all the dispersed of my people, with the Father to prepare the way whereby they may come unto me, that they may call on the Father in my name. 28 Yea, and then shall the work commence, with the Father among all nations in preparing the way whereby his people may be gathered home to the land of their inheritance. 29 And they shall go out from all nations; and they shall not go out in haste, nor go by flight, for I will go before them, saith the Father, and I will be their rearward.

The Second Watch

The second watch was the 1830 foundation work of Joseph Smith. This great work is not the marvelous work and a wonder that the LDS church claims took place at that time. The purpose of the Marvelous Work is to establish Zion and that did not happen.

The 2nd watch foundation work was to bring forth the oracles of God: the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants and the Pearl of Great Price. The time for Zion is in the 3rd Watch. Every prophecy that God uttered through the Prophet Joseph Smith will come to pass in the 3rd Watch.

Besides giving us the oracles of God they were greatly honored in bearing a very lasting and strong testimony of the Land of Zion and the things that will take place in the 3rd Watch. They laid a strong foundation for the events in the 3rd watch to build upon. I am so grateful for their testimony and sacrifice.

(D&C 56:6 – 7) 6 Behold, verily I say unto you, for this cause I have sent you—that you might be obedient, and that your hearts might be prepared to bear testimony of the things which are to come; 7 And also that you might be honored in laying the foundation, and in bearing record of the land upon which the Zion of God shall stand;

The 2nd watch saints received the fullness of priesthood were able to live the law of consecration for a very brief time. Their sacrifice was accepted of the Lord and they became the Covenant people of the Lord. They also were not taken because they need to come back during the third watch to usher in the dispensation of the fullness of times which brings together the covenant people of the three watches.

Joseph Smith has a two part work to perform. First to lay the foundation of the church and then to come back and bring the church out of obscurity and darkness.

(D&C 1:30) 30 And also those to whom these commandments were given, might have power to lay the foundation of this church, and to bring it forth out of obscurity and out of darkness, the only true and living church upon the face of the whole earth, with which I, the Lord, am well pleased, speaking unto the church collectively and not individually—

Joseph Smith brings forth the word in the 2nd Watch then in the third watch he convinces them of the work which he had already accomplished.

(JST Genesis 50:30) 30 And again, a seer will I raise up out of the fruit of thy loins, and unto him will I give power to bring forth my word unto the seed of thy loins; and not to the bringing forth of my word only, saith the Lord, but to the convincing them of my word, which shall have already gone forth among them in the last days;

The Third Watch

The third watch is when the marvelous work and a wonder takes place.

(Isaiah 29:14) 14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, even a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise men shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent men shall be hid.

(1 Nephi 14:7) 7 For the time cometh, saith the Lamb of God, that I will work a great and a marvelous work among the children of men; a work which shall be everlasting, either on the one hand or on the other—either to the convincing of them unto peace and life eternal, or unto the deliverance of them to the hardness of their hearts and the blindness of their minds unto their being brought down into captivity, and also into destruction, both temporally and spiritually, according to the captivity of the devil, of which I have spoken.

Joseph Smith will return, he will gather the elect, the repentant gentiles, the wise virgins. They will gather on the land of Zion and in time utilize the places that the 2nd watch saints testified of with their blood. Missouri, the land of Zion is where the gathering takes place and where the redemption of Zion will take place.

 The Fallen State of the

2nd Watch Church

(Missouri state archive, Missouri Mormon War) Violence broke out again at an election riot in 1838.  Old Settler mobs and Mormon paramilitary units roamed the countryside.  When the Mormons attacked a duly authorized militia under the belief it was an anti-Mormon mob, Missouri’s governor, Lilburn Boggs, ordered the Saints expelled from the state, or “exterminated,” if necessary.  The conflict’s viciousness escalated, however, even without official sanction, when, on October 30, 1838, an organized mob launched a surprise attack on the small Mormon community of Haun’s Mill, massacring eighteen unsuspecting men and boys. 

Why did the Lord allow these things to come upon the saints of the 2nd Watch? I suggest Ten reasons.

  1. Wickedness of some of the Missourians.
  2. For after much tribulation come the blessings

(D&C 58:1 – 6) 1 HEARKEN, O ye elders of my church, and give ear to my word, and learn of me what I will concerning you, and also concerning this land unto which I have sent you. 2 For verily I say unto you, blessed is he that keepeth my commandments, whether in life or in death; and he that is faithful in tribulation, the reward of the same is greater in the kingdom of heaven. 3 Ye cannot behold with your natural eyes, for the present time, the design of your God concerning those things which shall come hereafter, and the glory which shall follow after much tribulation. 4 For after much tribulation come the blessings. Wherefore the day cometh that ye shall be crowned with much glory; the hour is not yet, but is nigh at hand. 5 Remember this, which I tell you before, that you may lay it to heart, and receive that which is to follow. 6 Behold, verily I say unto you, for this cause I have sent you—that you might be obedient, and that your hearts might be prepared to bear testimony of the things which are to come;

  1. The 2nd Watch saints were honored with the responsibility to show us where the cities and sacred places of the 3rd Watch marvelous work will take place.

(D&C 58:7) 7 And also that you might be honored in laying the foundation, and in bearing record of the land upon which the Zion of God shall stand;

From the 2nd Watch Saints we learn of the events and the sacred places that will take place during the 3rd Watch Marvelous Work.

  • Kirtland: the servants will go forth with power and gather the elect
  • Adam-ondi-ahman: The place where Adam dwelt, where Adam will sit and from there the saints will begin to redeem Zion, and where after Zion is established the great priesthood council will take place
  • Nauvoo: The cornerstone of the New Jerusalem Zion, where the saints will be hid for 3 ½ years, where the 144,000 will be sealed, where the church becomes a great army and goes forth to redeem the center stake of Zion
  • Far West: a place of refuge and where a temple will stand
  • Jackson Co: this is the center place of the New Jerusalem Zion
  1. It is true that the saints in Jackson county were hindered in establishing Zion, so the Lord no longer required that work of them. But there are other factors. They were allowed to try to establish Zion because they had the holy Melchizedek Priesthood, without which it is not even possible to try.

(D&C 124:49 – 54) 49 Verily, verily, I say unto you, that when I give a commandment to any of the sons of men to do a work unto my name, and those sons of men go with all their might and with all they have to perform that work, and cease not their diligence, and their enemies come upon them and hinder them from performing that work, behold, it behooveth me to require that work no more at the hands of those sons of men, but to accept of their offerings. 50 And the iniquity and transgression of my holy laws and commandments I will visit upon the heads of those who hindered my work, unto the third and fourth generation, so long as they repent not, and hate me, saith the Lord God. 51 Therefore, for this cause have I accepted the offerings of those whom I commanded to build up a city and a house unto my name, in Jackson county, Missouri, and were hindered by their enemies, saith the Lord your God. 52 And I will answer judgment, wrath, and indignation, wailing, and anguish, and gnashing of teeth upon their heads, unto the third and fourth generation, so long as they repent not, and hate me, saith the Lord your God. 53 And this I make an example unto you, for your consolation concerning all those who have been commanded to do a work and have been hindered by the hands of their enemies, and by oppression, saith the Lord your God. 54 For I am the Lord your God, and will save all those of your brethren who have been pure in heart, and have been slain in the land of Missouri, saith the Lord.

Another reason the saints failed to establish Zion is that they failed to live the Law of Consecration. They didn’t have a pure heart but experienced contentions and envyings etc. Like any of us today would do any better.

(D&C 101:1 – 8) 1 VERILY I say unto you, concerning your brethren who have been afflicted, and persecuted, and cast out from the land of their inheritance—2 I, the Lord, have suffered the affliction to come upon them, wherewith they have been afflicted, in consequence of their transgressions; 3 Yet I will own them, and they shall be mine in that day when I shall come to make up my jewels. 4 Therefore, they must needs be chastened and tried, even as Abraham, who was commanded to offer up his only son. 5 For all those who will not endure chastening, but deny me, cannot be sanctified. 6 Behold, I say unto you, there were jarrings, and contentions, and envyings, and strifes, and lustful and covetous desires among them; therefore by these things they polluted their inheritances. 7 They were slow to hearken unto the voice of the Lord their God; therefore, the Lord their God is slow to hearken unto their prayers, to answer them in the day of their trouble. 8 In the day of their peace they esteemed lightly my counsel; but, in the day of their trouble, of necessity they feel after me.

  1. In 1838 the Lord was not giving the saints another opportunity to establish Zion, by that time they had lost the fullness of the Melchizedek priesthood, and so were lacking the authority. Here the Saints were given another chance to live the Law of Consecration which they again failed to live and were driven out of Missouri, the promised land of Zion.

(D&C 119:5 – 7) 5 Verily I say unto you, it shall come to pass that all those who gather unto the land of Zion shall be tithed of their surplus properties, and shall observe this law, or they shall not be found worthy to abide among you. 6 And I say unto you, if my people observe not this law, to keep it holy, and by this law sanctify the land of Zion unto me, that my statutes and my judgments may be kept thereon, that it may be most holy, behold, verily I say unto you, it shall not be a land of Zion unto you. 7 And this shall be an ensample unto all the stakes of Zion. Even so. Amen.

  1. The saints had lost the fullness of the Melchizedek Priesthood

(D&C 124:28) 28 For there is not a place found on earth that he may come to and restore again that which was lost unto you, or which he hath taken away, even the fulness of the priesthood.

  1. The saints cannot expect to live on the land of Zion, without living the principles of the celestial kingdom, which includes the Law of Consecration.

(D&C 105:5 – 6) 5 And Zion cannot be built up unless it is by the principles of the law of the celestial kingdom; otherwise I cannot receive her unto myself. 6 And my people must needs be chastened until they learn obedience, if it must needs be, by the things which they suffer.

(Lecture on Faith 6:5) Let us here observe that a religion that does not require the sacrifice of all things never has the power sufficient to produce the faith necessary unto life and salvation.

  1. The saints were given a chance to regain the fullness of the Melchizedek priesthood in Nauvoo if they were able to build the Nauvoo Temple and Nauvoo House, within the parameters the Lord set.

(D&C 124:31 – 36) 31 But I command you, all ye my saints, to build a house unto me; and I grant unto you a sufficient time to build a house unto me; and during this time your baptisms shall be acceptable unto me. 32 But behold, at the end of this appointment your baptisms for your dead shall not be acceptable unto me; and if you do not these things at the end of the appointment ye shall be rejected as a church, with your dead, saith the Lord your God. 33 For verily I say unto you, that after you have had sufficient time to build a house to me, wherein the ordinance of baptizing for the dead belongeth, and for which the same was instituted from before the foundation of the world, your baptisms for your dead cannot be acceptable unto me; 34 For therein are the keys of the holy priesthood ordained, that you may receive honor and glory. 35 And after this time, your baptisms for the dead, by those who are scattered abroad, are not acceptable unto me, saith the Lord. 36 For it is ordained that in Zion, and in her stakes, and in Jerusalem, those places which I have appointed for refuge, shall be the places for your baptisms for your dead.

  1. But in Nauvoo the saints were unable to fulfill the requirements set by the Lord and they had to leave that special place. The people of God were driven out of the land of Zion, into the wilderness of the Salt Lake valleys. Where they have become a mighty people. But!! Salt Lake is not Zion, it is not the mountain-of-the-Lord. The privilege of that designation is reserved for Missouri the land of promise.

(D&C 124:44 – 48) 44 If ye labor with all your might, I will consecrate that spot that it shall be made holy. 45 And if my people will hearken unto my voice, and unto the voice of my servants whom I have appointed to lead my people, behold, verily I say unto you, they shall not be moved out of their place. 46 But if they will not hearken to my voice, nor unto the voice of these men whom I have appointed, they shall not be blest, because they pollute mine holy grounds, and mine holy ordinances, and charters, and my holy words which I give unto them. 47 And it shall come to pass that if you build a house unto my name, and do not do the things that I say, I will not perform the oath which I make unto you, neither fulfil the promises which ye expect at my hands, saith the Lord. 48 For instead of blessings, ye, by your own works, bring cursings, wrath, indignation, and judgments upon your own heads, by your follies, and by all your abominations, which you practise before me, saith the Lord.

(D&C 101:17 – 22) 17 Zion shall not be moved out of her place, notwithstanding her children are scattered. 18 They that remain, and are pure in heart, shall return, and come to their inheritances, they and their children, with songs of everlasting joy, to build up the waste places of Zion—19 And all these things that the prophets might be fulfilled. 20 And, behold, there is none other place appointed than that which I have appointed; neither shall there be any other place appointed than that which I have appointed, for the work of the gathering of my saints—21 Until the day cometh when there is found no more room for them; and then I have other places which I will appoint unto them, and they shall be called stakes, for the curtains or the strength of Zion. 22 Behold, it is my will, that all they who call on my name, and worship me according to mine everlasting gospel, should gather together, and stand in holy places;

10. If you think that the Lord is being harsh with his 2nd Watch people, these same requirements were given

to the children of Israel in the old world promised land and to the former inhabitants of America.

(Deuteronomy 4:25 –28) 25 ¶ When thou shalt beget children, and children’s children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt yourselves, and make a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy God, to provoke him to anger: 26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed. 27 And the LORD shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither the LORD shall lead you. 28 And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men’s hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell.

Also to the Book of Mormon Jaradites and Nephites.

(Ether 2:8 — 10) 8 And he had sworn in his wrath unto the brother of Jared, that whoso should possess this land of promise, from that time henceforth and forever, should serve him, the true and only God, or they should be swept off when the fulness of his wrath should come upon them. 9 And now, we can behold the decrees of God concerning this land, that it is a land of promise; and whatsoever nation shall possess it shall serve God, or they shall be swept off when the fulness of his wrath shall come upon them. And the fulness of his wrath cometh upon them when they are ripened in iniquity.10 For behold, this is a land which is choice above all other lands; wherefore he that doth possess it shall serve God or shall be swept off; for it is the everlasting decree of God. And it is not until the fulness of iniquity among the children of the land, that they are swept off.

Future Events:

Far West

(D&C 115:7) 7 Let the city, Far West, be a holy and consecrated land unto me; and it shall be called most holy, for the ground upon which thou standest is holy.

One very poignant reason Far West is holy ground is because it is the place where Abel blood was split.

(The Life of Joseph Fielding Smith pg 340) The sacredness of Far West, Missouri, is no doubt due to the understanding that the Prophet Joseph Smith conveyed to the brethren, at these early times, that Adam-ondi-Ahman, the place to which Adam and Eve fled when cast out of the Garden of Eden, is where Adam erected an altar unto God, and offered sacrifices, and that Far West was the spot where Cain killed Abel..

Far West is a place of safety in the future 3rd Watch marvelous work.

(D&C 115:5 – 7) 5 Verily I say unto you all: Arise and shine forth, that thy light may be a standard for the nations; 6 And that the gathering together upon the land of Zion, and upon her stakes, may be for a defense, and for a refuge from the storm, and from wrath when it shall be poured out without mixture upon the whole earth. 7 Let the city, Far West, be a holy and consecrated land unto me; and it shall be called most holy, for the ground upon which thou standest is holy.

It important to understand that the Far West temple will have a beginning work where we will begin to build the foundation, then a year later we will come back and finish the temple from the foundation to the capstone.

(D&C 115:8 – 12) 8 Therefore, I command you to build a house unto me, for the gathering together of my saints, that they may worship me. 9 And let there be a beginning of this work, and a foundation, and a preparatory work, this following summer; 10 And let the beginning be made on the fourth day of July next; and from that time forth let my people labor diligently to build a house unto my name; 11 And in one year from this day let them re–commence laying the foundation of my house. 12 Thus let them from that time forth labor diligently until it shall be finished, from the corner stone thereof unto the top thereof, until there shall not anything remain that is not finished.

The reason the time table of the redemption of Zion requires the armies of Israel to make a temporary stop at Far West is we will use our time in making a ‘beginning of this work, and a foundation, and a preparatory work’.

Then after this pause in our trek we will continue on to the main goal of the redemption of the center place of Zion, Independence, Jackson County Missouri. There the main group will stay and begin the building of the temple and city. There, many groups will come to build on that great city. From there the sound will go forth to all the world that Zion is now established and to come to it for refuge and safety. The nations of the world will be fearful to come against Zion, from Nauvoo, the cornerstone, to Independence the center stake to anywhere in between, Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman.

(D&C 45:66 – 71) 66 And it shall be called the New Jerusalem, a land of peace, a city of refuge, a place of safety for the saints of the Most High God; 67 And the glory of the Lord shall be there, and the terror of the Lord also shall be there, insomuch that the wicked will not come unto it, and it shall be called Zion. 68 And it shall come to pass among the wicked, that every man that will not take his sword against his neighbor must needs flee unto Zion for safety. 69 And there shall be gathered unto it out of every nation under heaven; and it shall be the only people that shall not be at war one with another. 70 And it shall be said among the wicked: Let us not go up to battle against Zion, for the inhabitants of Zion are terrible; wherefore we cannot stand. 71 And it shall come to pass that the righteous shall be gathered out from among all nations, and shall come to Zion, singing with songs of everlasting joy.

After the year in Jackson County a smaller group will return to Far West and ‘recommence laying the foundation of my house … until it shall be finished, from the corner stone thereof unto the top thereof’.

The Lord also informs us who the leadership will be during the Far West place of safety time frame. The three individuals presented are:

  1. William Marks as the Stake President. If you recall, William Marks was the Stake President in Nauvoo at the time of the Martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum.
  2. Newel K Whitney as the Bishop. Newel K Whitney was a bishop in Kirtland, Far West, Nauvoo and will be again in the future Far West place of safety.
  3. Oliver Granger will be a merchant for the future Far West place of safety time period.

(D&C 117:8 – 15) 8 Is there not room enough on the mountains of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and on the plains of Olaha Shinehah, or the land where Adam dwelt, that you should covet that which is but the drop, and neglect the more weighty matters? 9 Therefore, come up hither unto the land of my people, even Zion. 10 Let my servant William Marks be faithful over a few things, and he shall be a ruler over many. Let him preside in the midst of my people in the city of Far West, and let him be blessed with the blessings of my people. 11 Let my servant Newel K. Whitney be ashamed of the Nicolaitane band and of all their secret abominations, and of all his littleness of soul before me, saith the Lord, and come up to the land of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and be a bishop unto my people, saith the Lord, not in name but in deed, saith the Lord. 12 And again, I say unto you, I remember my servant Oliver Granger; behold, verily I say unto him that his name shall be had in sacred remembrance from generation to generation, forever and ever, saith the Lord. 13 Therefore, let him contend earnestly for the redemption of the First Presidency of my Church, saith the Lord; and when he falls he shall rise again, for his sacrifice shall be more sacred unto me than his increase, saith the Lord. 14 Therefore, let him come up hither speedily, unto the land of Zion; and in the due time he shall be made a merchant unto my name, saith the Lord, for the benefit of my people. 15 Therefore let no man despise my servant Oliver Granger, but let the blessings of my people be on him forever and ever.

The Words of the Prophets will all be fulfilled

That means that these three individuals, William Marks, Newel K Whitney and Oliver Granger, will have to come back to finish their work and fulfill these promises that the Lord has given them. These three will return at the 3rd Watch marvelous work along with Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Oliver Cowdery, Lyman Wight, David Whitmer and with many other saints of the 2nd Watch foundation work and fulfill the prophecies of the Lord. For the words of the Prophets will all be fulfilled!

(D&C 1:17 – 23) 17 Wherefore, I the Lord, knowing the calamity which should come upon the inhabitants of the earth, called upon my servant Joseph Smith, Jun., and spake unto him from heaven, and gave him commandments; 18 And also gave commandments to others, that they should proclaim these things unto the world; and all this that it might be fulfilled, which was written by the prophets19 The weak things of the world shall come forth and break down the mighty and strong ones, that man should not counsel his fellow man, neither trust in the arm of flesh—20 But that every man might speak in the name of God the Lord, even the Savior of the world; 21 That faith also might increase in the earth; 22 That mine everlasting covenant might be established; 23 That the fulness of my gospel might be proclaimed by the weak and the simple unto the ends of the world, and before kings and rulers.

(D&C 109:22 – 23) 22 And we ask thee, Holy Father, that thy servants may go forth from this house [Kirtland] armed with thy power, and that thy name may be upon them, and thy glory be round about them, and thine angels have charge over them; 23 And from this place they may bear exceedingly great and glorious tidings, in truth, unto the ends of the earth, that they may know that this is thy work, and that thou hast put forth thy hand, to fulfil that which thou hast spoken by the mouths of the prophets, concerning the last days.

(D&C 101:16 – 20) 16 Therefore, let your hearts be comforted concerning Zion; for all flesh is in mine hands; be still and know that I am God. 17 Zion shall not be moved out of her place, notwithstanding her children are scattered. 18 They that remain, and are pure in heart, shall return, and come to their inheritances, they and their children, with songs of everlasting joy, to build up the waste places of Zion—19 And all these things that the prophets might be fulfilled. 20 And, behold, there is none other place appointed than that which I have appointed; neither shall there be any other place appointed than that which I have appointed, for the work of the gathering of my saints—


The Ancient of Days shall ‘Sit’ and

the Saints are given Power to Redeem Zion

1. Father Adam ‘Sits’ at the Opening of the 6th Seal

2. the Kingdom of God on earth is established 3. then Christ can return to receive the kingdom at the great priesthood council

Father Adam ‘sitting’ in Daniel 7 represents a paramount event in the 3rd watch marvelous work that is not the great priesthood council as most Mormons believe. The purpose of the ‘sitting’ is to give the Saints power to redeem and build the waste places of Zion. The city of New Jerusalem must be built up and all nations come to it and receive their blessings. Daniel does mention Christ returning to receive the kingdom at the great priesthood council (Daniel 7:13 – 14) but that event is after Zion is established. Both events take place at Adam-ondi-Ahman for sure, but the ‘sitting’ establishes the kingdom for Christ to receive at the priesthood council.

In Daniel the scenario of Father Adam, the ancient of days ‘sitting’ is repeated 4 times. To me the repetition emphasizes the importance of that event. The repeated story line speaks of:

  1. the fourth beast that rules the world had ten horns. In the first Watch during the Meridian of time this fourth beast was Rome who overcame the Saints and they were scattered throughout the world. From out of Roman Empire came the ten horns of Europe.

  2. From out of these ten horns comes a little horn with eyes of a man and a mouth speaking great things. America is the Little horn who overcame the Second Watch Saints at the time of Joseph Smith and they were driven out of the land of Zion into the wilderness of Salt lake City.

  3. The Saints will be overcome until, in the Future Third Watch Marvelous Work, Joseph Smith and others will return to fulfill the prophecies of the establishment of Zion but they will not be able to fulfill these promises until Father Adam, the Ancient of Days ‘Sits’.

  4. The Ancient of Days shall ‘Sit’ at Adam-ondi-Ahman (see D&C 116)

  5. Judgment shall be given to the Saints, At this point the Saints will begin to redeem the New Jerusalem beginning at Nauvoo the cornerstone of Zion where they will stay for three and a half years and where they are hid from the face of the serpent. At Nauvoo the key that unlocks the dispensation of the fullness of times will be turned and the Quorum of 144,000 will be sealed.

  6. The beast is killed at Armageddon (Daniel 7:11) This event is described during the first time through only and is not part of the ‘sitting’ of Father Adam.

  7. The great priesthood council (Daniel 7:13 – 14) is also described the first time through only and is also not part of the ‘sitting’ of Father Adam.

First Time

(Daniel 7:7 – 10) 7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns. 8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. 9 ¶ I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire. 10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.


(Daniel 7:11 – 12) 11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame. 12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.

The Great Priesthood Council at Adam-ondi-Ahman

(Daniel 7:13 – 14) 13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

Second Time

(Daniel 7:15 – 18) 15 ¶ I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me. 16 I came near unto one of them that stood by, and asked him the truth of all this.  So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things. 17 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth. 18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.

Third Time

(Daniel 7:19 – 22) 19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet; 20 And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows. 21 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them; 22 Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.

Fourth Time

(Daniel 7:23 – 28) 23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. 24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings. 25 And he shall speak great words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time. 26 But the judgment shall sit, and they shall take away his dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end. 27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him. 28 Hitherto is the end of the matter.  As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.

The City of Zion is a large city composed of several political ecclesiastical entities. Nauvoo, Far West, Adam-ondi-Ahman and Independence. They are separated by many miles, they need to be redeemed separately, one at a time. 1st Nauvoo is redeemed, 2nd Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman and 3rd Independence. This all takes time. Their separate and distinct redemption is testified in the oracles.

Note: The redemption of the Old Testament land of promise was also done in stages. The armies of Israel first redeemed the lands on the east side of the Jordan for Reuben, Gad and 1/2 the tribe of Manasseh. Then they all went over Jordan and started the long process of reclaiming the rest of the land starting with the fortified city of Jericho. Israel gave up before they completed their task which contributed to their eventual downfall.


Father Adam will Stand, blow his trumpet both long and loud and the Saint arise and live

Father Adam will ‘sit’ and the Saints of the most high will go forth to redeem Zion. As the ‘one like unto Moses, Joseph Smith will lead the Wise Gentile Saints across Missouri and redeem Nauvoo, the cornerstone of Zion. They will do so with power as the army of Israel.

(D&C 103:15 – 21) 15 Behold, I say unto you, the redemption of Zion must needs come by power; 16 Therefore, I will raise up unto my people a man, who shall lead them like as Moses led the children of Israel.17 For ye are the children of Israel, and of the seed of Abraham, and ye must needs be led out of bondage by power, and with a stretched–out arm.18 And as your fathers were led at the first, even so shall the redemption of Zion be.19 Therefore, let not your hearts faint, for I say not unto you as I said unto your fathers: Mine angel shall go up before you, but not my presence.20 But I say unto you: Mine angels shall go up before you, and also my presence, and in time ye shall possess the goodly land.21 Verily, verily I say unto you, that my servant Joseph Smith, Jun. is the man to whom I likened the servant to whom the Lord of the vineyard spake in the parable which I have given unto you.

Nauvoo, the Beautiful, the Cornerstone of the city of Zion, the New Jerusalem will be redeemed first. Nauvoo will be built up, polished and refined as a great Palace.

(D&C 124:2) 2 Your prayers are acceptable before me; and in answer to them I say unto you, that you are now called immediately to make a solemn proclamation of my gospel, and of this stake which I have planted to be a cornerstone of Zion, which shall be polished with the refinement which is after the similitude of a palace.

In Navuoo the tower of the Lords enemies will be thrown down.

(D&C 101:57) 57 Therefore, get ye straightway unto my land; break down the walls of mine enemies; throw down their tower, and scatter their watchmen.

The Nauvoo Temple will built and completed for it is the place where the key that turns the dispensation of the fulness of times must be turned. It is the place of safety for the Wise Gentile Saints where God will hid them up from the indignation that will scourge the wicked.

All the saints that dwell in that land are commanded to come away, for this is, ‘Thus saith the Lord;’ therefore pay out no monies nor properties for houses, nor lands, in that country, for if you do, you will lose them; for the time shall come that you shall not possess them in peace; but shall be scourged with a sore scourge; yet your children may possess them; but not until many years shall pass away; and; as to the organization of that branch of the church, it is not according to the spirit and will of God: and as to the designs of the leading members of that branch relative to the printing press, and the ordaining of Elders, and sending out Elders to beg for the poor, are not according to the will of God; and in these things they shall not prosper, for they have neglected the House of the Lord, the Baptismal Font, in this place, wherein their dead may be redeemed, and the key of knowledge that unfolds the dispensation of the fullness of times may be turned, and the mysteries of God be unfolded, upon which their salvation and the salvation of the world, and the redemption of their dead depends, for ‘Thus saith the Lord,’ ‘there shall not be a general assembly for a general conference assembled together until the House of the Lord shall be finished, and the Baptismal Font, and if we are not diligent the church shall be rejected, and their dead also,’ ‘saith the Lord,’ therefore, dear Brother, any proceedings otherwise than to put forth their hands with their might to do this work, is not according to the will of God, and shall not prosper; therefore tarry, not in any place whatever, but come forth unto this place from all the world, until it is filled up and polished, and sanctified according to my word, saith the Lord, come ye forth from the ends of the earth, that I may hide you from mine indignation that shall scourge the wicked, and then I will send forth and build up Kirtland, and it shall be polished and refined according to my word; therefore, your doings and your organizations, and designs in printing, or any of your councils, are not of me, saith the Lord, even so,

Amen (Hyrum Smith 1841. ldsfreedom

(D&C 124:39 – 41) 39 Therefore, verily I say unto you, that your anointings, and your washings, and your baptisms for the dead, and your solemn assemblies, and your memorials for your sacrifices by the sons of Levi, and for your oracles in your most holy places wherein you receive conversations, and your statutes and judgments, for the beginning of the revelations and foundation of Zion, and for the glory, honor, and endowment of all her municipals, are ordained by the ordinance of my holy house, which my people are always commanded to build unto my holy name.40 And verily I say unto you, let this house be built unto my name, that I may reveal mine ordinances therein unto my people;41 For I deign to reveal unto my church things which have been kept hid from before the foundation of the world, things that pertain to the dispensation of the fulness of times.

It is in Nauvoo that the 144,000 will be sealed

(D&C 77:11) 11 Q. What are we to understand by sealing the one hundred and forty-four thousand, out of all the

tribes of Israel—twelve thousand out of every tribe? A. We are to understand that those who are sealed are high priests, ordained unto the holy order of God, to administer the everlasting gospel; for they are they who are ordained out of every nation, kindred, tongue, and people, by the angels to whom is given power over the nations of the earth, to bring as many as will come to the church of the Firstborn.

Nauvoo will become a great mountain and the greatest city of the whole world.

Now let all who can coolly and deliberately dispose of their property come up and give of their substance to the [poor?] that the hearts of the poor may be comforted and all may worship god together in holiness of heart Come brethren come all of you.And I prophecy in the name of the Lord that the state of Illinois shall become a great mountain and mighty mountain as city set upon a hill that cannot be hid and a great that giveth light to the world and The city of Nauvoo als[o] shall become the greatest city in the whole world. ( LDS/Parallel/1840/19Jul40.html)

The 1st Watch Saints are the main portion of the 144,000 elect seed of God: The Nephite Saints, the New Testament Saints and the Lost Tribe Saints. All three groups received the fullness of the Melchizedek priesthood, the gospel and lived the law of consecration. The Nephites lived the higher law for the longest period of time, yet none of the groups were translated like the Old Testament cities of Enoch and Melchizedek. That is because the 1st Watch saints were being saved to come forth in the 3rd watch to redeem and build the New Jerusalem at Jackson County which is the center stake of Zion. They will be brought forth from the grave in the future when Father Adam stands and blows his trump long and loud.

(D&C 43:18) 18 For the day cometh that the Lord shall utter his voice out of heaven; the heavens shall shake and the earth shall tremble, and the trump of God shall sound both long and loud, and shall say to the sleeping nations: Ye saints arise and live; ye sinners stay and sleep until I shall call again.

(Daniel 12:1 – 3) 1 AND at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. 2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. 3 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.

Father Adam will blow his trump at the opening of the 6th Seal which is the time when the 144,000 are sealed.

(Revelation 6:12 – 14) 12 And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; 13 And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. 14 And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.

(D&C 77:10) 10 Q. What time are the things spoken of in this chapter [Revelation, Chapter 7] to be accomplished? A. They are to be accomplished in the sixth thousand years, or the opening of the sixth seal.

(Revelation 7:4) 4 And I heard the number of them which were sealed: and there were sealed an hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel.


The Great Priesthood Council

to prepare the Saints for the 2nd Coming

The great Priesthood council at Adam-ondi-Ahman is a great event that takes place just before the Savior comes in his glory. One of the purposes of this council is to prepare the saints and the earth for the millennial reign of Christ.

There is no doubt that verses 13 and 14 in Daniel 7 is referring to the great priesthood gathering, but as we learned in the previous section on Father Adam ‘sitting’ everything else in the chapter is the redemption of Zion.

(Daniel 7:13 – 14)13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

(Teachings pg 157) Daniel in his seventh chapter speaks of the Ancient of Days; he means the oldest man, our Father Adam, Michael, he will call his children together and hold a council with them to prepare them for the coming of the Son of Man. He (Adam) is the father of the human family, and presides over the spirits of all men, and all that have had the keys must stand before him in this grand council. … The Son of Man stands before him, and there is given him glory and dominion. Adam delivers up his stewardship to Christ, that which was delivered to him as holding the keys of the universe, but retains his standing as head of the human family.

The Christian churches today talk a lot about “the rapture”. Well, the D&C gives the fullest descriptions of when and who is involved in “the rapture”.Those who will come to the counsel will be those who make up the Zion from above and Zion from beneath.

(D&C 84:99 – 102) 99 The Lord hath brought again Zion;

The Lord hath redeemed his people, Israel,

According to the election of grace,

Which was brought to pass by the faith

And covenant of their fathers.

100 The Lord hath redeemed his people;

And Satan is bound and time is no longer.

The Lord hath gathered all things in one.

The Lord hath brought down Zion from above.

The Lord hath brought up Zion from beneath.

101 The earth hath travailed and brought forth her strength;

And truth is established in her bowels;

And the heavens have smiled upon her;

And she is clothed with the glory of her God;

For he stands in the midst of his people.

102 Glory, and honor, and power, and might,

Be ascribed to our God; for he is full of mercy,

Justice, grace and truth, and peace,

Forever and ever, Amen.

The great council at Adam-ondi-Ahman begins when the saints are caught up into the clouds, in the midst of the pillar of heaven, at the first trump to meet Christ and the Angels (the city of Enoch).

(D&C 88:96 – 98) 96 And the saints that are upon the earth, who are alive, shall be quickened and be caught up to meet him. 97 And they who have slept in their graves shall come forth, for their graves shall be opened; and they also shall be caught up to meet him in the midst of the pillar of heaven—98 They are Christ’s, the first fruits, they who shall descend with him first, and they who are on the earth and in their graves, who are first caught up to meet him; and all this by the voice of the sounding of the trump of the angel of God.

(Matthew 24:30 – 31) 30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. 31 And he shall send his angels with the great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

(D&C 45:44) 44 And then they shall look for me, and behold, I will come, and they shall see me in the clouds of heaven, clothed with power and great glory; with all the holy angels; and he that watches not for me shall be cut off.

D&C 76:63 – 69) 63 These are they whom he shall bring with him, when he shall come in the clouds of heaven to reign on the earth over his people. 64 These are they who shall have part in the first resurrection. 65 These are they who shall come forth in the resurrection of the just. 66 These are they who are come unto Mount Zion, and unto the city of the living God, the heavenly place, the holiest of all. 67 These are they who have come to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of Enoch, and of the Firstborn. 68 These are they whose names are written in heaven, where God and Christ are the judge of all. 69 These are they who are just men made perfect through Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, who wrought out this perfect atonement through the shedding of his own blood.

The great council of Adam-ondi-Ahman is where the two cities of Zion will descend. One Zion, the city of Enoch, coming down from above and meeting the Zion from beneath in the clouds. Then the two Zions come down on the earth onto the sacred ground of Adam-ondi-Ahman.

When the two Zions touch down at Adam-ondi-Ahman it will be a wonderful family reunion.

(Moses 7:63) 63 And the Lord said unto Enoch: Then shalt thou and all thy city meet them there, and we will receive them into our bosom, and they shall see us; and we will fall upon their necks, and they shall fall upon our necks, and we will kiss each other;

The inhabitants of the two Zions are all the prophets and those of the 144,000. They are all those who received the holy priesthood and the keys thereof. They are all those who will return those keys to Adam who will in turn present the kingdom whole and complete to Christ the Savior of Mankind. Christ will then reign over the earth for a thousand years, the millennial reign of Christ.